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# Presenting Data in APA Style Tables* Tables condense and present complex statistical and numerical data.

Tables should not be used if the information can be presented clearly in narrative form or by using simple lists. Structure of a Table Tables have four kinds of headings: the stubhead, the boxhead, the column head, and the spanner head. These heads are illustrated below in an APA-style table and are described in subse uent paragraphs. Table ! Basic Test Battery Score Comparisons "idacticb #ub\$ecta Timec #corec %irst test rund e &'T .(( -.() A-. .(*/ .0, 23'4 .0+ .!* '53-.*( -.0+ #econd test rund &'T -.*+ -.(( A-. -.0, -.(* 23'4 .07 .!! '53-.** -.70 /p8. 07 //p9.0!
a

#trategyb Timec #corec -.*+ -.01 .!, -.(0 -.() .!) .!) -.*, .!, .!) .(1 .06 .*0 .!) .(6 .0)

#tubhead The stubhead classifies or describes the items in the left or stub column and is positioned flush left. This column always has a heading. .f the stub listings vary, use :.tem; as the stubhead. .f a stub listing is too long for the table, continue it, indented, on the next line. .ndicate subordination among stub listings by indentation of items rather than by adding another column.
b

<oxhead .n simple tables, the boxhead is the heading centered over each column of data. .n complex tables =as above>, the boxhead may span two or more columns of data =each of which has a column head>. Put boxheads in the singular? use abbreviations to save space if necessary.
c

d

#panner head The spanner head is used within the body of the table to clarify data. .t is centered in the table and is placed within hori@ontal rules than the table. The spanner head separates the columns into divisions, which spans the same box heads and either the same or different stub column listings.
e

#tub column listing =stubs> #tubs are place flush left under the stubhead
/

#ections adapted from Aaval Air Barfare 'enter Training #ystems "ivision. =*000>. 2anual of style for naval air warfare center training systems division technical publications. Crlando, %5: Aaval Air Barfare 'enter

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b. on the pages. or provides information relating to the table as a whole. allow generous spacing between columns.t is designated by the word :Aote. 7. . Probability levels and the number of asterisks need not be consistent among tables. .. c. never as :the table below.. !+. There are three types of notes--general. !*.='ontinued>. Type footnotes to tables flush left at the foot of the table. a general note ualifies. Aumber tables consecutively. .f the table re uires a full page or several pages. and is indicated by an asterisk for the lowest level. . 'apitali@e the first letter of the first word of all heading words. followed by a period and two spaces.0(+.g.. Place a line spanning the width of the table one line below the last line of the title. . but in a text format that uses spaces to simulate the appearance of table columns.n planning the table. b. and align material in each column. (. "o not repeat the title.f a table runs for several pages. Type the table and its number on a line by itself. a probability level note indicates the results of tests of statistical significance. +. "esign tables. place the table at the top of the following page. 6. &ive every table a brief and informative title? format the title in title case =capitali@e first letters of ma\$or words> and using italics. and progresses upward. do not place a @ero in front of a decimal =e. %ollow the table and footnotes with two blank lines before resuming text. !0. 1. and probability level? and they should be placed under the table in that order. ). Table *. place short tables in the text after the paragraph in which they are first mentioned. both flush left.>..n these cases. Creating APA Formatted Tables in Word The first rule in creating APA formatted tables in Bord is to start with your data in a table format. a. . !!. specific. c. the trick is to first convert all the spaces * . . Place a line spanning the width of the table one line below this statement on each page. begin each succeeding page with :Table . with the order of superscripts hori@ontal across the table by rows. Ese hori@ontal rules to demarcate boxheads.f possible. using Arabic numbers. Place a line spanning the width of the table below the last line of data. or :the following table. place it on the page=s> following the reference paragraph. followed on a new line by the table title. column heads and spanner heads? do not use vertical lines =downrules> !(. explains. etc. a specific note refers to a particular column or individual entry and is indicated by a superscript letter =a. . when possible. Ctherwise.0(+>. so that they can be read with the report held in the normal vertical =DportraitD> position. not 0. #pecific notes are independent from any other table and begin with the superscript a in each table. Align decimal points. -efer to the table in the text as Table !. *. !7. #ometimes your data will not exit in a actual tabular format.Basic Rules and Guidelines !. Enless needed for clarity. 2ost tabular output copied from #P## into Bord retains table formatting but will need modification to meet APA style standards =as described below>.