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Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FLUID MECHANICS FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Develop an equation relating pressure and height, in a static ﬂuid. (b) An open tank holds certain amount of liquid whose relative density is 1.25. The tank is ﬁtted with a manometer to a certain point of its wall and it shows a pressure of Pgage = 0.35 atm, what is the height of liquid level in the tank from the point of connection of the manometer. [8+8] 2. (a) State the Bernoullis equation? Explain the signiﬁcance of each term. (b) Write any two applications of the Bernoullis equation. (c) Write short notes on Average velocity. [8+4+4]

3. (a) Derive an expression for shear stress distribution in cylindrical tube of Incompressible ﬂow of ﬂuids (b) Find the relation between skin friction & wall shear. [8+8]

4. Methane gas is being pumped through a 305m length of 52.5mm diameter steel pipe at a rate of 41.0kg/m2 -s.The inlet pressure is 345kPa abs. Assume isothermal ﬂow at 288.8K. (µmethane = 1.045 × 10−5 pa − sec, f = 0.0014). (a) Calculate the pressure at the end of the pipe. (b) Calculate the maximum velocity that can be obtained at these conditions. [16] 5. (a) What is the superﬁcial velocity and how is it related to the average velocity in the packed bed Describe the term shape factor. (b) A particle of speciﬁc gravity 2.6 is falling by gravity in water (µ= 1cp) at a Reynold’s number of 200.What is the size of the particle in microns and its terminal velocity (ρH2 o = 990Kg/m3 )(CD = 0.95). [8+8] 6. (a) A Spherical bead catalyst of diameter 4.4 mm is to be ﬂuidized with water at 210 C in a 0.1524m diameter column. The catalyst has a density of 1600 Kg/m3 . The originally unexpanded column. height was 0.712m and the voidage associated therewith was ∈ = 0.37. Find the height of the expanded bed when the solids are subjected to an upward water rate of 0.1243 m/sec and the voidage is 0.775. (b) Give the merits and demerits of ﬂuidization. 7. (a) Describe brieﬂy the joints and ﬁttings used in transportation of ﬂuids. [6+10]

1 of 2

Code No: R050210801

Set No. 1

(b) Describe the working of any one non-return valve with the help of a neat sketch. [10+6] 8. (a) Explain the working of any one non-intrusive ﬂow meter. (b) Explain the working of a target meter. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

2 of 2

Code No: R050210801

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FLUID MECHANICS FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Develop an equation relating pressure and height, in a static ﬂuid. (b) An open tank holds certain amount of liquid whose relative density is 1.25. The tank is ﬁtted with a manometer to a certain point of its wall and it shows a pressure of Pgage = 0.35 atm, what is the height of liquid level in the tank from the point of connection of the manometer. [8+8] 2. Deﬁne the following: (a) Steady and Unsteady ﬂow (b) Uniform and Non-Uniform ﬂow (c) Laminar and Turbulent ﬂow (d) Stream lines and stream tube. [4+4+4+4]

3. Under conditions of laminar ﬂow , the friction factor is given by 16/ NRe .Derive an expression for the pressure drop per unit length in terms of the pipe diameter, ’d’, the average velocity ’u’, the density and the viscosity of the ﬂuid. [16] 4. (a) Explain about normal shock waves. (b) Give a brief account of adiabatic frictional ﬂow. [8+8]

5. Air at 394.3K ﬂows through a packed bed of cylinders having a diameter of 0.0127m and length is same as the diameter. The bed void fraction is 0.40and the length of the packed bed is 3.66m.The air enters the bed at 2.20atm abs at the rate of 2.45kg/m2 . s based on the empty cross section of the bed. Calculate the pressure drop of air in the bed. [16] 6. (a) A catalyst tower of spherical particle diameter 4.0 mm is to be ﬂuidized with water at 250 C. The original unexpanded bed was 0.7m ant the voidage associated is 0.37.The height of the expanded bed is 2 m. Find the voidage for the expanded bed. (b) Distinguish between aggregative ﬂuidization and particulate ﬂuidization with applications. [6+10] 7. (a) Describe brieﬂy the joints and ﬁttings used in transportation of ﬂuids. (b) Describe the working of any one non-return valve with the help of a neat sketch. [10+6] 1 of 2

Code No: R050210801

Set No. 2

[8+8]

8. (a) Discuss about ultrasonic meters used for ﬂow measurement. (b) Write the force balance on a ﬂoat in a rotameter at equilibrium. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: R050210801

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FLUID MECHANICS FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Show that in a gravity decanter the position of the liquid-liquid interface in the separator depends on the ratio of the densities of the two liquids and on the elevation of the overﬂow line and is independent of the ratios of ﬂow of the liquids. (b) What should be the volume of the separator to separate 1600 kg/h chlorobenzene from 2100 kg/h of wash liquid? The wash liquid is to be the continuous phase; its viscosity is the same as that of water at the operating temperature of 350 C. ( data: Viscosity = 0.723 cp , Density of the Chloro- benzene= 1109 kg/m3 , Aq. Wash liquid = 1020 kg/m3 ) [8+8] 2. Deﬁne the following: (a) Steady and Unsteady ﬂow (b) Uniform and Non-Uniform ﬂow (c) Laminar and Turbulent ﬂow (d) Stream lines and stream tube. [4+4+4+4]

3. An oil of viscosity 0.1 Pa-s and relative density 0.9 is ﬂowing through a circular pipe of diameter 50mm and of length 250m. The rate of ﬂow of ﬂuid through the pipe is 3.5 lit/sec. Find the pressure drop in the entire length and also the shear stress at the pipe wall. [16] 4. (a) Derive an expression for area velocity relationship for a compressible ﬂuid. (b) An air plane is ﬂying at a Mach number of 0.65 at an altitude where the temperature is −400 C. Determine the velocity of the air plane at this altitude. (γair = 1.4, R = 287J/kg − m − K). [10+6] 5. What is terminal velocity? Derive an expression for terminal velocity of spherical particles settling in a ﬂuid by gravity, in the Stokes law regime. [16] 6. Silica sand particles of diameter 120µm, shape factor 0.86 and speciﬁc gravity of 2.65 are to be ﬂuidized using air at 250 C and 1 atm. The originally unexpanded column height was 0.94m and the voidage is 0.37. The voidage at minimum ﬂuidizing condition is 0.55 (ρair = 1.187Kg/m3 ,µair = 1.845 × 10−5 pa − sec). (a) Determine the expanded bed height. (b) The minimum ﬂuidization velocity 1 of 2

Code No: R050210801 (c) The corresponding Reynolds Number. 7. (a) Deﬁne NPSH and it’s signiﬁcance

Set No. 3

[16]

(b) Water at 50o C is in an open tank at atmospheric pressure. The pump is 4.0m above the open tank level. The velocity in the pipe is 1m/s. The friction head loss in the pipe has been calculated as 2.0m. The required NPSH for this pump is 2.0m, according to its manufacturer. Comment on the suitability of this pump. ρwater = 988.07 kg/m3 , vapor pressure = 12.35 kPa. [6+10] 8. (a) Explain the working of any one impeller used in centrifugal fans. (b) What is the principle involved in using the jet ejectors as vacuum pumps? Discuss the advantages of jet ejectors. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: R050210801

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FLUID MECHANICS FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne ﬂuid mechanics. Classify ﬂuid mechanics and explain its branches. (b) Write about the basic concepts in unit operation. [8+8]

2. A pipe line of 0.6 m diameter is 1.5 km long. To increase the discharge , another line of the same diameter is introduced parallel to the ﬁrst in the second half of the length. Neglecting minor losses, ﬁnd the increase in discharge if , f= 0.04. The head at inlet is 30 m. [16] 3. (a) Deﬁne ’Equivalent diameter’ for ﬂuid ﬂow through ducts of noncircular diameter. (b) Calculate the hydraulic mean diameter of the annular space between a 4 cm and 6 cm tubes. (c) Draw velocity proﬁle for laminar ﬂow in a circular pipe. 4. Explain in detail about the processes of compressible ﬂow. 5. (a) Explain in brief about various drag forces. (b) Describe in detail about the friction in ﬂow through bed of solids. [8+8] [5+5+6] [16]

6. Silica sand particles of diameter 120µm, shape factor 0.86 and speciﬁc gravity of 2.65 are to be ﬂuidized using air at 250 C and 1 atm. The originally unexpanded column height was 0.94m and the voidage is 0.37. The voidage at minimum ﬂuidizing condition is 0.55 (ρair = 1.187Kg/m3 ,µair = 1.845 × 10−5 pa − sec). (a) Determine the expanded bed height. (b) The minimum ﬂuidization velocity (c) The corresponding Reynolds Number. [16]

7. (a) Describe the construction and working of a centrifugal pump with the help of a neat sketch. (b) Discuss the merits and demerits of centrifugal pumps. [10+6]

8. Explain the purpose and working principle of a pitot tube. Derive the expression for calculating the point velocity of an incompressible ﬂuid ﬂowing through a duct using a pitot tube. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 of 1

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