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Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES TRANSMISSION LINES (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) State and Prove Gauss’s law. List the limitations of Gauss’s law. [6]

(b) Derive an expression for the electric ﬁeld strength due to a circular ring of radius ‘a’ and uniform charge density, ρL C/m, using Gausss law. Obtain the value of height h along z-axis at which the net electric ﬁeld becomes zero. Assume the ring to be placed in x-y plane. [8] (c) Deﬁne Electric potential. [2]

2. (a) Deﬁne self inductance, mutual inductance and magnetic energy with the help of suitable expressions. [6] (b) Calculate the force between two parallel conductors seperated by a distance, ’d’, currents carried by the two plates being I1 and I2 respectively along the same direction. [6] (c) State Maxwell’s two equations for magneto static ﬁelds in integral and diﬀerential form. Also give a word statement for both. [4] 3. (a) Write down Maxwells equations in their general integral form. Derive the corresponding equations for ﬁelds varying harmonically with time [8] (b) In free space D = Dm sin (ωt + βz) ax use Maxwells equations to ﬁnd B. [8] 4. (a) Explain uniform plane wave propagation

0

[8 +8]

(b) A lossy dielectric has an intrinsic impedance of 200 30 Ω at a particular frequency. If at that frequency, the plane wave propagating through the dielectric has the magnetic ﬁeld component H=10e−ax cos(Wt-1/2x)ay A/m. Find α and δ 5. (a) Explain the signiﬁcances of Poynting theorem and Pointing vector. (b) A plane wave traveling in a medium of εr = 1, µr = 1 has an electric ﬁeld √ intensity of 100 × π. Determine the energy density in the magnetic ﬁeld and also the total energy density. [8+8] 6. (a) Deﬁne and derive the equations for phase and group velocities in a parallel plane guide. On which factors do they depend ?. (b) Derive the relation λ = √

λc λg where λ2 + λ2 g c

λ is free space wave length, λg is the [8+8]

wave length measured in the guide, and λc is the cut oﬀ wave length.

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Code No: R050211001

Set No. 1

7. (a) A transmission line of length 70 meters is terminated in an impedance of ZR = 125 + j48.If the frequency is 3 MHz and the characteristic impedance is 230 Ω , ﬁnd the sending end impedance using Smith chart, explaining the procedure. [10] (b) What is meant by inductive loading? With the help of suitable expressions explain the advantages of loading and also discuss the disadvantages. [6] 8. (a) Explain what is meant by voltage reﬂection coeﬃcient in a transmission line The voltage reﬂection coeﬃcient due to load connected to a lossless transmission line of characteristic impedance 100 Ω and working at 3 GHz is 0.5450 . Assuming the load voltage to be 10 V, calculate the r.m.s voltage and current at intervals of one fourth wave length from the load up to a distance 5 cm. [10] (b) A 75 Ω line is terminated by a load of 120 + j80 Ω . Find the maximum and minimum impedances on the line. [6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R050211001

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES TRANSMISSION LINES (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne conductivity of a material. [4]

(b) Apply Gauss’s law to derive the boundary conditions at a conductor-dielectric interface. [6] (c) In a cylindrical conductor of radius 2mm, the current density varies with distance from the axis according to J = 103 e−400r A/m2 . Find the total current I. [6] 2. (a) State Biot- Savart law [4] (b) Derive an expression for magnetic ﬁeld strength, H, due to a ﬁnite ﬁlamentary conductor carrying a curent I and placed along Z- axis at a point ’P’ on yaxis. Hence deduce the magnetic ﬁeld strength for the length of the conductor extending from - ∞ to + ∞. [12] 3. (a) Write down Maxwells equations in their general integral form. Derive the corresponding equations for ﬁelds varying harmonically with time [8] (b) In free space D = Dm sin (ωt + βz) ax use Maxwells equations to ﬁnd B. [8] 4. (a) Derive wave Equations for source free regions. (b) The electric ﬁeld in free space is given by E=50 cos (108t + βx)ay V/m i. Find the direction of propagation ii. Calculate b and the time it takes to travel a distance of λ/2 iii. Sketch the wave at t=0, T/4 and T/2 5. (a) Explain the diﬀerence between the Intrinsic Impedance and the Surface Impedance of a conductor. Show that for a good conductor , the surface impedance is equal to the intrinsic impedance. (b) Deﬁne and distinguish between the terms perpendicular polarization, parallel polarization, for the case of reﬂection by a perfect conductor under oblique incident. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain about attenuation in parallel-plate wave guides. Also draw attenuation versus frequency characteristics of waves guided between parallel conducting plates. (b) A parallel plate wave guide made of two perfectly conducting inﬁnite planes spaced 3 cm apart in air operates at a frequency of 10 GHz. Find the maximum time average power that can be propagated per unit width of the guide for T E1 andT M1 modes. [8+8] 1 of 2 [8] [8]

Code No: R050211001

Set No. 2

[5]

7. (a) List out types of transmission lines and draw their schematic diagrams.

(b) Draw the directions of electric and magnetic ﬁelds in parallel plate and coaxial lines [5] (c) A transmission line in which no distortion is present has the following parameters Zo = 60Ω, α = 20mNP/m, V = 0.7V0 . Determine R, L, G, C and wavelength at 0.1GHz. [6] 8. (a) Derive the expression for the input impedance of a transmission line of lengthL [8] (b) Explain the application of smiths chart. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8]

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Code No: R050211001

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES TRANSMISSION LINES (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) State and prove Gauss’s law. Express Gauss’s law in both integral and diﬀerential forms. [6] (b) Discuss the salient features and limitations of Gauss’s law . (c) Derive Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations starting from Gauss’s law. [4] [6]

2. (a) Obtain an expression for diﬀerential magnetic ﬁeld strength dH due to diﬀerential current element I dl at the origin in the positive Z- direction. [6] (b) Find the magnetic ﬁeld strength, H at the centre of a square conducting loop of side ‘2a’ in Z=0 plane if the loop is carrying a current , I, in anti clock wise direction. [10] 3. (a) Explain faradays law for time varying ﬁelds. [8]

(b) Verify that the displacement current in the parallel plate capacitor is the same as the conduction current in the connecting wires. [8] 4. A certain loss less material has µr = 4, ∈ r = 9. A 10 MHz uniform plane wave is propagating in the ay dierection with Ex0 = 400V /m and Ey0 = E20 = 0atP (0.6, 0.6, 0.6) at t= 60ns (a) Find β, λ, Vρη (b) Find E(t) (c) Find H(t) 5. (a) Deﬁne surface impedance and explain how it exists. (b) Derive expression for Reﬂection and Transmission coeﬃcients of an EM wave when it is incident normally on a dielectric. [8+8] 6. (a) Deﬁne and explain the signiﬁcance of the following terms as applicable to parallel plane guides: i. Wave impedance ii. Phase and group velocities iii. Principal wave and its characteristics (b) Explain the impossibility of TEM wave propagation in wave guides. [8+8] [8] [4] [4]

7. (a) Deﬁne the i/p impedance of a transmission line and derive the expression for it. [8] 1 of 2

Code No: R050211001

Set No. 3

(b) The characteristic impedance of a certain line is 710, 140 Ω and τ = 0.007 + j0.028 perkm. The line is terminated in a 300 Ω resistor. Calculate the i/p impedance of the line if its length is 100 km [8] 8. (a) A dipole antenna is fed by a transmission line having Zo = 60Ω. The source impedance is 600Ω. If the length of the line is 10λ, determine antenna impedance. [8] (b) Describe how matching is achieved using single stub matching. What are the advantages and disadvantages compared to double-stub matching. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: R050211001

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES TRANSMISSION LINES (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) State and prove Gauss’s law. Express Gauss’s law in both integral and diﬀerential forms. [6] (b) Discuss the salient features and limitations of Gauss’s law . (c) Derive Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations starting from Gauss’s law. 2. (a) State Maxwell’s equations for magneto static ﬁelds. [4] [6] [6]

(b) Show that the magnetic ﬁeld due to a ﬁnite current element along Z axis at a point P, r distance away along y- axis is given by H = (I/4πr)(sin α1 − sin α2 ).aφ where I is the current through the conductor , α1 , and α2 are the angles made by the tips of the conductor element at P. [10] 3. (a) State Maxwells equations in their general diﬀerential form and derive their form for harmonically varying ﬁelds. [8] (b) In a homogenous non- conducting region where µr = 1, ﬁnd ∈ r and ωif 5 i. E = 50πej (wt− 4 y ) a v/m ¯

x

ii. H = 1.0e

j (wt− 5 y ) 4

ax A/m ¯

[8] [ 8+8]

4. (a) Explain about uniform plane waves.

(b) In a loss less medium for which η = 60π, µr = 1 and H=-0.1 cos (wt-z)ax+0.5 sin (wt-z)ay A/m. calculate ∈ r and w. 5. (a) Explain the signiﬁcances of Poynting theorem and Pointing vector. (b) A plane wave traveling in a medium of εr = 1, µr = 1 has an electric ﬁeld √ intensity of 100 × π. Determine the energy density in the magnetic ﬁeld and also the total energy density. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain about attenuation in parallel-plate wave guides. Also draw attenuation versus frequency characteristics of waves guided between parallel conducting plates. (b) Derive the relation λ = √

λc λg λ2 + λ2 g c

where λ is free space wave length, λg is the wave length measured in the guide, and λc is the cut oﬀ wave length. [8+8] 7. (a) List out the applications of transmission lines. (b) Draw an equivalent circuit of a two wire transmission line 1 of 2 [5] [5]

Code No: R050211001

Set No. 4

(c) A lossy cable which has R = 2.25 Ω /m, L = 1.0 µ H/m, C = 1 pF/m and G = 0 operates f = 0.5 GHz. Find out the attenuation constant of the line [6] 8. (a) Derive the expression for the input impedance of an uniform transmission line Terminated with load ZL . Hence discuss the properties of a quarter wave length and half Wavelength lines assuming the line to be loss less. [8] (b) Describe the consternation of Smith chart and give its applications. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8]

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