Code No: R050211301

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Classify different chain drives and explain in brief the working of each. (b) Briefly describe as to how power is transmitted through chains. 2. (a) What do you understand the term pneumatic amplification? (b) Explain the operation of pneumatic amplifier with required sketches. (c) Mention a few applications of pneumatic amplifier. 3. (a) What is the difference between a switch and a relay? [5+6+5] [4] [8+8]

(b) Explain the working of a electromechanical relay with a neat sketch and give the applications. [4+4+4] 4. (a) How can a stepper motor be used in numerical control of m/a - explain. [8]

(b) Draw the diagram of a variable inductance stepper motor and explain its working. [4+4] 5. (a) List the different types of windings that are employed in inductors. (b) List the factors affecting the capacitance of capacitors. (c) Explain the terms electrical noise, power derating and Boells effect of resistors. (d) Explain the colour code for resistors. [4+4+4+4]

6. With the help of functional diagram explain the operation of astable multivibrator using 555 timer and derive the expression for thigh and tlow . [4+4+4+4] 7. (a) Explain the role of depletion region in the manufacture of photo detector. (b) Discuss the relay ON/OFF control using light dependent resistor. [8+8]

8. Draw the schematic representation of optical arrangement used in Instrumentation system. Explain the functional details. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R050211301

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Derive the expression for the ratio of driving tensions in v-belts. (b) Compare the performance of v and flat belt drives. [10+6]

2. (a) Explain the principle of working and design features of pressure relief values. [4+4] (b) Explain the terms lift and capacity as applied to safety relief values. [4+4]

3. (a) With neat diagrams explain the working of a synchro transmit receive system. (b) Mention major applications of synchro system. 4. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors. (b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches. [6+10] 5. (a) What are the different types of inductor? Explain them with their constructional features. (b) Give some important application of inductor. [10+6] [10+6]

6. (a) With the help of functional diagram and circuit diagram explain the monostable operation of 555 timer. (b) Derive the expression for time delay of a monostable multivibrator. [10+6]

7. (a) Under normal conditions will a LED work with forward or never bias? Why? (b) Discuss the internal structure and operation of light emitting diode. (c) If a voltage source with two stage zero and are is connected in LED circuit what happen to the output. Explain. [4+8+4] 8. (a) Discuss the spectral transmittance characteristics of an absorption filter. (b) What are the parameters to be observed in the design of grating. (c) Give two types of mounting of grating and explain the importance of mount in the grating. [6+4+6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R050211301

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Derive the expression for efficiency of a spiral gear. (b) Describe in detail a system which uses spiral gear. [8+8]

2. (a) Compare and construct the functioning of rupture discs in safety relief values. (b) Describe the construction and working of rupture discs (c) Mention the application of rupture discs. [6+6+4]

3. (a) Explain how a potentiometer can be used as a control component in servo control system. (b) Explain in detail the various characteristics of potentiometer. 4. (a) In what way is a stepper motor different from an ordinary motor? [8+8] [4]

(b) Explain the working of a variable relectance stepper motor with a neat sketch. [4] (c) What is step angle and what is its significance? 5. (a) Explain the construction and working principle of SCR. (b) Draw two transistor for representation of SCR and also explain its V-I characteristics. [8+8] 6. With the help of functional diagram explain the operation of astable multivibrator using 555 timer and derive the expression for thigh and tlow . [4+4+4+4] 7. (a) What materials used in the construction of a PIN diodes. (b) Explain the function of each layer in a PIN diode. (c) Mention at least two applications of PIN diode and explain how they work in each of these cases. [4+4+8] 8. (a) List the different types of reflectors used in optical system. Explain any one type. (b) Describe the role of beam splitters in optical system. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [8]

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Code No: R050211301

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Derive the expression for maximum power transmitted by a belt drive. (b) Explain the phenomenon of creep in belts. [10+6] 2. (a) What is the need for a value (b) When are they installed? (c) Give typical design guidelines for diaphragms. 3. (a) Differentiate between a potentiometer and a rheostat. (b) What is the difference between voltage and current transducers. (c) Mention two uses of each of current and voltage transducers.

[4+4+8]

[6+6+4]

4. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors. (b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches. [6+10] 5. (a) What are difference between carbon and wire wound resistors. (b) State the differences between linear and non-linear resistors. (c) Classify capacitors according to the manufacture and dielectric used and given their applications. [4+6+6] 6. (a) With a typical connection diagram explain the circuit operation of the adjustable positive voltage regulator LM317. (b) Design an adjustable voltage regulator using LM317 to satisfy the following condition: Output voltage V0 = 5 to 12V Output current I0 = 1A, Adjustment pincurrent (Iadj ) for LM317 =100µA. [10+6] 7. (a) Is LED a part of an optoisolatory? If so how? (b) Generally the p material is emitter in normal diodes but in LED n material made as emitter. Why? (c) How is the spectral response of a LED determined and on what factor does it depend? [4+6+6] 8. (a) What is an optical filter and how is it useful as a Instrumentation component. (b) Mention different optical filters available and explain the working of any one of them. (c) What are materials used in optical filters. [6+8+2] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1