Code No: R050212301

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BIO CHEMISTRY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain Structure and roles of some polysaccharides. [16]

2. (a) Explain the role of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate in regulation of Glycolysis and Gluconegenesis. (b) Explain the regulation of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate. [8+8] 3. Differentiate between aerobic and anaerobic hydroden transfer compare the energyyield of the two processes. [16] 4. Discuss the proper balance between the activites of the producers and consumers in our biosphere. [16] 5. List out the amino acids that are synthesized using the precursor α-ketoglutarate and sketch their biosynthesis. [16] 6. What are the major constituents of biomembranes? Sketch the salient features of lipid bilayers. [16] 7. Enumerate the different stages involved in the extraction of energy from food stuffs. Outline the major pathways involved in this process. [16] 8. (a) Illustrate the electron flow during photosynthesis in higher plants. (b) Define the terms cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: R050212301

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BIO CHEMISTRY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Write short notes on: (a) Structure of cellulose (b) Structure of starch (c) Segment of Chitin (d) Structure of Amylopectin. 2. Write short notes on: (a) Futile cycle in carbohydrate mebolism. (b) Explain two alternative fates for pyruvate. [8+8] [4+4+4+4]

3. What is photophosphorylation? Describe the sequence of events in the photophosphorylation. [16] 4. Summarize the proper balance between the activities of the autotrophs and hetrotrophs in our biosphere. [16] 5. Explain the nitrogen cycle. What are the different phases involved in it? List out the enzymes catalyzing the individual reactions. [16] 6. (a) What are structural lipids? Give their structural characteristics. (b) Which are the phospholipids that have ether-linked fatty acids. Give their structures and mention their physiologicsl significance. [8+8] 7. ‘Free energy is the most useful thermodynamic function in Biochemistry’Illustrate your answer with suitable metabolic pathway. [16] 8. Discuss the Calvin cycle in detail and add a note on the regulation of the Calvin cycle. [ 16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R050212301

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BIO CHEMISTRY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Write short notes: (a) Homopolysaccharides (b) Heteropolysaccharides (c) Formation of Maltose (d) Some Common Disaccharides. [4+4+4+4]

2. (a) Explain the role of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate in regulation of Glycolysis and Gluconegenesis. (b) Explain the regulation of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate. [8+8] 3. Summarize the interlocking regulation of Glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation by the relative concentrations of ATP. [16] 4. Discuss the cycling of Nitrogen in the biosphere. [16]

5. List out the three essential amino acids that are synthesized from the non-essential amino acid, as partate. Write down their structures and sketch the biosynthesis of any two of them. [16] 6. What are the major constituents of biomembranes? Sketch the salient features of lipid bilayers. [16] 7. What is citric acid cycle? How this cycle constitutes the terminal oxidation of any food stuff material. What is the physiological significance and energy yield in this cycle? [16] 8. (a) Compare the basic structural features of chloroplasts and mitochondria. (b) How does photosynthesis in green and purple bacteria differ. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: R050212301

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BIO CHEMISTRY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Write short notes: (a) Homopolysaccharides (b) Heteropolysaccharides (c) Formation of Maltose (d) Some Common Disaccharides. [4+4+4+4]

2. How the glucose level of blood is mainained in animals? Discuss the role of Hormones in sugar regulation in the animal body. [16] 3. Summarize the interlocking regulation of Glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation by the relative concentrations of ATP. [16] 4. Discuss the proper balance between the activites of the producers and consumers in our biosphere. [16] 5. List out the non-essential amino acids indicating their structures. biosynthesis of any three of them. Sketch the [16]

6. How a molecule of palmitic acid is completely oxidized in a mitochondrion. Enumerate the enzyme catalyzed reactions and calculate the energy yield? [16] 7. How do cells extract energy and reducing power from their environment? 8. (a) Compare the basic structural features of chloroplasts and mitochondria. (b) How does photosynthesis in green and purple bacteria differ. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [16]

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