# Code No: R050212203

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the classiﬁcation of control systems? (b) Find the transfer function relating displacement ‘y’ and ‘x’ for the following system. Shown in ﬁgure 1. [6+10]

Figure 1: 2. Derive the Transfer Function for a.c. servomotor. Explain about torque-speed characteristics of a.c. servomotor. [16] 3. (a) What are the types of controllers that are used in closed loop system? Explain them? (b) The response of a system subjected to a unit step input is c(t) = 1 + 0.2e−60t −1.2e−10t Obtain the expression for the closed loop transfer function? Also determine the Un damped natural frequency and damping ratio of the system? [8+8] 4. For a unity feedback system having forward path transfer function K G(S) = s(1+0.6S)(1+0.4S) . Determine (a) The range of values of K (b) Marginal value of K (c) Frequency of sustained oscillations. 5. (a) Explain the term frequency response analysis. (b) Show that in Bode magnitude plot the slope corresponding to a quadratic factor is -40 dB/dec. (c) Explain with the help of examples i. Minimum phase function ii. Non minimum phase function 1 of 2 [16]

Code No: R050212203 iii. All pass function. 6. (a) What is “Nyquist Contour”?

Set No. 1
[4+6+6]

(b) A system is given by 4s+1 G(s) = s2 (s+1)(2s+1) Sketch the Nyquist plot & hence determine the stability of the system. [2+14] 7. (a) What is compensation? What are the diﬀerent types of compensators? (b) What is a lead compensator, obtain the transfer function of lead compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of lead compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8. (a) Obtain the state model of the system shown in ﬁgure 2.

Figure 2: Consider the state variables as i1 , i2 , v (b) Obtain the state model of a ﬁeld controlled motor? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: R050212203

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain the following terms : (a) Transfer function (b) Open loop system (c) Closed loop system (d) Sensitivity. [16]

2. (a) Reduce the given block diagram (ﬁgure 1) and hence obtain the transfer function C(s) R(s) (b) Explain DC servomotor and its features. [10+6]

Figure 1: 3. (a) What are generalized error constants? State the advantages of generalized error coeﬃcients? (b) For a ﬁrst order system, ﬁnd out the output of the system when the input applied to the system is unit ramp input? Sketch the r(t) and c(t) and show the steady state error. [8+8] 4. (a) Deﬁne the term root locus and state the rule for ﬁnding out the root locus on the real axis? (b) Calculate the angle of asymptotes and the centroid for the system having K(s+3) G(s)H(s) = s(s+2)(s+4)(s+5) (c) For G(s)H(s) = the jω - axis?
K , s(s+1)(s+3)

ﬁnd the intersection point of the root locus with [4+6+6]

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Code No: R050212203

Set No. 2

5. (a) Show that Bode plots of a system with transfer function having many factors can be obtained by adding the Bode plots of individual factors. (b) In the Bode magnitude plot of a system the slope changed by -40 db / dec at a frequency ω = ω2 . What can be the corresponding factor in the loop transfer function? (c) The magnitude plot of a system is shown in ﬁgure 2. [16]

Figure 2: 6. (a) State Nyquist Stability Criterion. (b) Explain the use of Nyquist Stability Criterion in the assessment of relative stability of a system. (c) Enlist the step-by-step procedure for the construction of Nyquist plots.[2+6+8] 7. A unity feedback system has open loop transfer function on Gf (S) = Design a lead compensator to meet the following speciﬁcations. (a) Acceleration error constant Ka =10 (b) Phase margin =350 . 8. (a) Discuss the signiﬁcance of state Space Analysis? (b) Deﬁne state variables. (c) Obtain the state variable representation of an armature controlled D.C Servomotor? [4+4+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]
K . S 2 (1+0.25)

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Code No: R050212203

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) How can you control the system dynamics by using feedback? (b) What is a mathematical model of a physical system? Explain brieﬂy. [8+8]

2. Represent the following set of equation by a signal ﬂow graph and determine the overall gain relating x5 and x1 . [16] x2 x3 x4 x5 = ax1 + f x2 = bx2 + ex4 = cx3 + hx5 = dx4 + gx2

3. (a) Deﬁne the following systems and sketch their output wave forms for an unit step i/p i. ii. iii. iv. Under damped system Un damped system Over damped system Critically damped system

(b) For a second order system ξ= 0.6, ωn = 5rad/sec. Find the values of ωd , Tr , Tp , Ts and Mp . [8+8] 4. Sketch the root locus plot for the systems whose open loop transfer function is K given by G(s)H(s) = s(s+1)(s+3) . Determine the value of K for ξ=0.5. [16] 5. (a) Show that Bode plots of a system with transfer function having many factors can be obtained by adding the Bode plots of individual factors. (b) In the Bode magnitude plot of a system the slope changed by -40 db / dec at a frequency ω = ω2 . What can be the corresponding factor in the loop transfer function? (c) The magnitude plot of a system is shown in ﬁgure 1. [16]

6. (a) “Addition of a non zero pole to a transfer function results in further rotation of the polar plot by −90o as ω → ∞”. Justify with the help of an example
1 (b) A system is given by G(s) = s2 (s+1)(s+10) . Determine the magnitude & phase angle at zero & ∞ frequencies. Hence sketch the polar plot. [10+6]

7. (a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators? 1 of 2

Code No: R050212203

Set No. 3

Figure 1: (b) What is a lag compensator, obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8. (a) The system is represented by the diﬀerential equation y + 5y + 6y = u ¨ ˙ Find the transfer from state variable representation. (b) Consider the RLC network shown in ﬁgure 2. Write the state variable representation

Figure 2:

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R050212203

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is control system? Explain various types of control systems with examples and their advantages. [16] 2. (a) Determine the transfer function 1).
C(s) R(s)

for the following block diagram (ﬁgure [9+7]

Figure 1: (b) Explain the properties of signal ﬂow graphs. 3. (a) Derive the static error constants and list the disadvantages? (b) Find step, ramp and parabolic error coeﬃcients and their corresponding steady14(s+3) state error for unity feed-back system having the T.F G(s) = s(s+5)(s2 +3s+2) . [8+8] 4. (a) Deﬁne the term root locus and state the rule for ﬁnding out the root locus on the real axis? (b) Calculate the angle of asymptotes and the centroid for the system having K(s+3) G(s)H(s) = s(s+2)(s+4)(s+5) (c) For G(s)H(s) = the jω - axis? 5. (a) Deﬁne i. Bandwidth ii. Resonant peak (b) Explain how stability can be determined from Bode plots
K , s(s+1)(s+3)

ﬁnd the intersection point of the root locus with [4+6+6]

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Code No: R050212203

Set No. 4

(c) Find resonant peak & resonant frequency given ζ = 0.5. If the damping ratio is changed to 0.9 ﬁnd resonant peak & resonant frequency. Comment on the result. [4+6+6] 6. (a) State & explain “principle of argument” (b) Given K G(s) = s(s+2)(s+10) Sketch Nyquist plot & ﬁnd range of K for stability.

[8+8]

7. A unity feedback system has an open loop transfer function G(S) =K/S(1+2S). Design a suitable lag compensator so that phase margin is 400 and the steady state error for ramp input is less than or equal to 0.2 [16] 8. Find the canonical format representation and state transition matrix.        x1 ˙ 2 −2 3 x1 11  x2  =  1 1 ˙ 1   x2  +  1  u x3 ˙ 1 3 −1  x3 −14 x1 y = −3 5 −2  x2  x3 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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