Code No: RR210104

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 SURVEYING-I (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Write short notes on i. Reconnaissance ii. Normal Tension. (b) Calculate the sag correction for a 30m steel under a pull of 100 N in three equal spans of 10m each. Weight of one cubic cm of steel = 0.078 N. Area of cross section of tape = 0.08 Sq.cm [8] 2. (a) What is a traverse ? Explain the different types of traversing. (b) Convert the following whole circle bearings to quadrantal bearings. i. ii. iii. iv. 3500 12′ 1170 24′ 680 51′ 2120 04′ [8] [8] [4+4]

3. (a) What is meant by orientation. Explain the two methods of orienting the plane table. [8] (b) List the advantages and disadvantages of plane table surveying. [8]

4. (a) What are the different types of bench marks and explain the use of them? [8] (b) The following consecutive readings were taken with a dumpy level and 4m levelling staff on a continuously sloping ground at 30m intervals. 0.680, 1.455, 1.855, 2.330, 2.885, 3.380, 1.055, 1.860, 2.265, 3.540, 0.835, 0.945, 1.530 and 2.250 The R.L of starting point was 80.750m Rule out a page of the level field book and enter the above readings Carryout reduction of levels by rise and fall method and Apply usual checks Determine the gradient of the line joining the first and last points. [8] 5. (a) Define contour, contour interval, horizontal equivalent. [6]

(b) Suggest some suitable values of contour interval for different scales of map and type of ground. [5] (c) Explain the uses of contours. [5]

6. (a) Explain how the area of a land portion is determined from the field notes. [8]

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Code No: RR210104

Set No. 1
0 20 40 60 80 6.7 7.8 9.7 11.8 9.6 100 120 140 160 8.8 7.6 6.9 6.2

(b) The following perpendicular offsets were taken from a chain line to a hedge. Chainage (m) Offsets (m)

Calculate the area enclosed between the survey line, the hedge and the end offsets by i. Trapezoidal Rule ii. Simpsons Rule. [8]

7. (a) Explain the detailed procedure of finding out the capacity of a reservoir. [8] (b) Levels were taken at every 40 m along a piece of ground. The following observations were recorded. Distance (m) : R.L.(m) : 0 40 80 120 160 200 105.0 114.2 123.6 128.0 130.2 125.6

A cutting is to be made for a line of uniform gradient through the first and the last point. Determine its gradient calculate the volume of excavation if the formation width is 8.0 m with side slopes in cutting being 1.5:1 and the natural ground slope being 10:1. The ground across the centre line is level. [8] 8. (a) Explain how testing and adjustment of a line ranger is carried out. Explain with a neat sketch. [8] (b) Explain how Box sextant is used for the measurement of horizontal angles. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR210104

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 SURVEYING-I (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain classification of surveys under different heads. [8]

(b) In passing an obstacle in the form of a pond, stations A and D on the main line, were taken on the opposite sides of the pond. On the left of AD, a line AB, 225m long was laid down, and a second line AC, 275m long, was ranged on the right of AD, The points B, D and C being in the same straight line. BD and DC were then chained and found to be 125m and 137.5 m respectively. Find the length of AD. [8] 2. (a) The magnetic bearing of a line was found to be N 600 30′ W in 1956 when the declination on was 50 10′ E. Find its present magnetic bearing if declination is 30 W at present. [6] (b) What is local attraction? How is it detected and how the observed bearings are corrected for the same?. [10] 3. (a) State the three point problem in plane tabling and describe how it is solved by Bessel’s method. [8] (b) Explain with sketches the different methods of locating a point on the plan of the station occupied by plane table. Discuss the relative merits of these methods. [8] 4. (a) Explain how reciprocal levelling eliminates the effect of atmospheric refraction and the earth curvature, as well as the effect of not adjusting the line of collimation. [8] (b) A level sight on a staff held at a distance of 88 m from the instrument reads 2.375m and the bubble is found to be two divisions off the center of the run towards the staff. If the level tube is in adjustment and has a sensitivity of 400 , what is the true reading on the staff? Take sin10 = 1/206,265. [8] 5. (a) Explain tacheometric method of locating contours with a neat sketch. Under what circumstances this method is preferred to. [8] (b) Explain in detail how the contour plan is used to calculate the capacity of a reservoir. [8] 6. (a) What is Simpsons Rule in the computation of areas figures. Derive and expression for it. [8] (b) The following offsets were taken from a chain line to a hedge. Calculate the area enclosed between the chain line and hedge by 1 of 2

Code No: RR210104 i. Simpsons Rule ii. Trapezoidal rule

Set No. 2
[8]

7. (a) What are the different methods that are generally adopted for measuring volume. Explain them briefly. [8] (b) Calculate the volume of earth work by prismoidal formula in a road embankment with the following date. Chainage along the centre line in ft: 0 100 200 300 400 Ground Levels in formation : 201.7 202.9 202.4 204.7 206.9 Formation level at chainage 0 is 202.3, top width 2.0 ft side slopes are 2 to 1. The longitudinal slope of the embankment is 1 in 100 rising. The ground is assumed to be level across the longitudinal section. [8] 8. (a) What is a prism square. What is the working principle behind it? Explain how it is used in the field. [8] (b) Explain construction and working of a box sextant. Explain how it is used for the measurement of vertical angle. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR210104

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 SURVEYING-I (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the instruments to be used in chain surveying? Explain in brief along with neat sketches. [8] (b) A 20m chain was tested before the commencement of the day’s work and found to be correct. After chaining 940m, the chain was found to be 0.010 m long. At the end of day’s work, after chaining a total distance of 1476m, the chain was found to be 0.15m long. What was the true distance chained. [8] 2. (a) What is a traverse ? Explain the different types of traversing. (b) Convert the following whole circle bearings to quadrantal bearings. i. ii. iii. iv. 3500 12′ 1170 24′ 680 51′ 2120 04′ [8] [8] [8]

3. (a) Explain the procedure of plane table surveying step by step.

(b) List out different methods of plane tabling. Explain plane Table Radiation method along with neat sketches. [8] 4. (a) Explain why it is necessary to keep the level midway between backsight and foresight readings. [4] (b) The following consecutive readings were taken with a Dumpy level. 6.21, 4.92, 6.12, 8.42, 9.1, 6.63, 7.91, 8.26, 9.71, 10.21. The level was shifted after 4th , 6th and 9th readings. The R.L of first point was 125.00. Rule out of page of level field work and fill all the columns. Calculate the reduced levels and apply usual checks. [12] 5. (a) Discuss the different factors based on which the choice of proper contour interval depends. [6] (b) Explain the different characteristics of contours along with neat sketches. [10] 6. (a) List out different general methods of determining areas. Explain how the areas are computed by sub-division into triangles. What are the limitations of the method? [8] (b) The following are the values in metres of the off sets taken from a chain to an irregular boundary. Distance: 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Offset: 3.5 5.1 6.7 6.2 5.4 6.9 7.4 6.4 5.8 1 of 2

Code No: RR210104

Set No. 3

Calculate the area in square metres included between the chain line, the irregular boundary and the last offset by simpson’s rule. [8] 7. (a) What are the different methods that are generally adopted for measuring volume. Explain them briefly. [8] (b) Calculate the volume of earth work by prismoidal formula in a road embankment with the following date. Chainage along the centre line in ft: 0 100 200 300 400 Ground Levels in formation : 201.7 202.9 202.4 204.7 206.9 Formation level at chainage 0 is 202.3, top width 2.0 ft side slopes are 2 to 1. The longitudinal slope of the embankment is 1 in 100 rising. The ground is assumed to be level across the longitudinal section. [8] 8. (a) Explain how testing and adjustment of a line ranger is carried out. Explain with a neat sketch. [8] (b) Explain how Box sextant is used for the measurement of horizontal angles. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR210104

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 SURVEYING-I (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain classification of surveys under different heads. [8]

(b) In passing an obstacle in the form of a pond, stations A and D on the main line, were taken on the opposite sides of the pond. On the left of AD, a line AB, 225m long was laid down, and a second line AC, 275m long, was ranged on the right of AD, The points B, D and C being in the same straight line. BD and DC were then chained and found to be 125m and 137.5 m respectively. Find the length of AD. [8] 2. (a) Differentiate between Isogonics lines and Agonic lines. [6]

(b) The following bearings were observed in a closed traverse. Calculate the included angles and verify whether the usual geometric condition is satisfied or not [10] Line AB BC CD DE EA F.B S 450 E N 600 E N 50 E N 650 W S 500 W B.B N 450 W S 60 W S 50 W S 650 E N 500 E [8]

3. (a) Explain the procedure of plane table surveying step by step.

(b) List out different methods of plane tabling. Explain plane Table Radiation method along with neat sketches. [8] 4. (a) Explain in detail how in a dumpy level you will make the axis of the bubble tube perpendicular to the vertical axis. [8] (b) Find the error of reading of levelling staff if the observed reading is 12.00’ and the point sighted the staff is 6” off the vertical through the bottom. [8] 5. (a) Define contour, contour interval, horizontal equivalent. [6]

(b) Suggest some suitable values of contour interval for different scales of map and type of ground. [5] (c) Explain the uses of contours. [5]

6. (a) Explain different ways of determining areas by computations based on measurements scaled from a map. [8]

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Code No: RR210104

Set No. 4

(b) Determine the area in hectares between the line AB and a meandering stream for offsets taken at a regular interval of 20m along the line AB. Use both Trapezoidal rule and Simpson ’s rule. [8] Point Distance (m) Offset lengths(m) A 0 20 23 40 B 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 42 30 32 60 10 14 22

7. (a) In a certain railway cutting the width at formation level is 9m. The side of the cutting slope at 1 to 1 and the original ground surface has a side slope of 1 in 8. Determine the volume and cost of the cutting contained in a length of 240m, the average depth of cutting being 1.8m and its cost is Rs 50 per 100 cubic metres. [8] (b) Calculate the quantity of earth work in cubic metres required for a road embankment from the following data. Formation width = 9m; side slope 2 to 1. [8] Distance (m) Height of bank(m) 0 3.0 30 3.6 60 2.7 Side slope of original ground 1 in 10 1 in 8 1 in 12

8. (a) Explain how testing and adjustment of a line ranger is carried out. Explain with a neat sketch. [8] (b) Explain how Box sextant is used for the measurement of horizontal angles. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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