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MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES ACROSS THE PLASMA MEMBRANE

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA


1 Osmosis is the diffusion of water molecules from a region of A B C D higher water concentration through a semi permeable membrane. lower water concentration through a semi permeable membrane. higher water concentration through a non permeable membrane. lower water concentration through a non permeable membrane.

The figure shows a movement of ions across the plasma membrane. Name the process

A flaccid B crenation C active transport D passive transport

A red blood cell in h!potonic solution will burst. This phenomena is "nown as A B C D crenation flaccid haemol!sis plasmol!sis

# $lasmol!sis refers to A B C D movement of water out of cell movement of water into cell movement of o%!gen out of cell movement of o%!gen into cell&

' (!pertonic solution is A a solution without solutes B a solution in which has the same ions of solute as another solution. C a solution in which less ions of solutes is less than another solution. D a solution in which the ions of solute is higher than another solution.

) *igure shows a part of a plasma membrane. +hich component is the h!drophilic head of phospholipids ,

D B

- A solution has higher concentration compare to the cell sap. This solution is A B C D h!potonic h!pertonic .sotonic turgid

/ +hich of the following is not a component of cell membranes, A B C D $rotein 0ipid Nucleic acid Carboh!drate

1 Cell membrane consists mainl! of A B C D carboh!drate bila!er and protein protein bila!er and phospholipids lipid bila!er and proteins protein bila!er and carboh!drate

12 The phospholipid molecule of the plasma membrane has A B C D a h!drophilic head and two h!drophobic tails a h!drophobic head and two h!drophilic tails a h!drophilic head and a h!drophobic tails a h!drophobic head and a h!drophilic tails

11 +hich of the following components can move across plasma membrane b! simple diffusion, A B C D ions 3lucose 0ipid soluble molecules +ater soluble molecules

12 *igure shows a red blood cell after has been immerse in a h!pertonic solution.

+hich of the statement e%plain the phenomena, A water molecules move out from the red blood cell B water molecule move into the red blood cell C glucose molecule move out from the red blood cell D glucose molecule move into the red blood cell

1 +hich of the following statement is true about plasma membrane, A B C D 4electivel! permeable. 0ipid bila!er and protein molecules are static. Allows onl! water and glucose molecules to pass through. The fluid mosaic model is made up a bila!er with amino acids scattered in it.

1# +hich of the following processes involves active transport, A Absorption a solution in which has the same iones of solute as another solution of ions b! root hair cells of a plant. B Absorption of digested food in the villus. C Absorption of water b! root hair cells of a plant. D 3as e%change between the alveoli and blood capillaries.

1' *igure shows a strip of a mustard green after it has been immersed in solution 5.

Epidermis

+hich of the following is solution 5, A 2.16 salt solution B Distilled water C 1.'6 sucrose solution D 26 sucrose solution

1) *igure shows the vis"ing tube which filled with distilled water and soa"ed into salt solution.

Beaker

Salt Solution

Visking tube

Distilled water

+hat is the observation after 22 minutes, A B C D 7is"ing tube will swell. No change occurred. 7is"ing tube will shrun". 7is"ing tube will burst 5

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The figure shows three )2 mm strips of potato were immersed into three different t!pes of solution.

Beaker 1

Beaker 2

Beaker 3

After one hour the length of the strips is recorded and the graph is plotted as below.
length of the strips

2 3

Time

+hich of the following shows the correct result, Distilled water A B C 1 2 '6 sucrose solution 2 1 1 226 sucrose solution 2

1/ (uman red blood cell is placed in '6 sodium chloride solution. .n which direction does water move and what is the effect on the red blood cell,

A B C D

8ovement of water molecules Out of the cell Out of the cell .nto the cell .nto the cell

9ffect on red blood cell No change in si:e or shape The cell shrin"s leading to crin"ling of cell membrane Cell e%pands and bursts 4light increase in volume but does not burst

11 An e%periment is carried out to stud! the movement of substances across the 7is"ing tube. The results of the Benedict;s test and iodine test at the beginning and at the end of the e%periment are shown in table.

Test Benedict;s test .odine test

Colour of the li<uid in boiling tube Beginning of e%periment 9nd of e%periment Blue solution Bric" red precipitate Brown solution Brown solution

+hat inference can be made from the e%periment, A B C D The vis"ing tube is permeable to glucose molecules. The vis"ing tube is permeable to starch molecules. The vis"ing tube is permeable to both glucose and starch. The vis"ing tube is not permeable to glucose and starch molecules

22 *igure shows the structure of a plant cell before and after it has been immersed in solution $.

+hat is solution $ and the process that ta"es place in the plant cell,

A B C D

4olution $ Distilled water Distilled water 126 sucrose solution 1'6 sucrose solution

$rocess $lasmol!sis Deplasmol!sis $lasmol!sis (aemol!sis

21 (ow the water molecules can move into a cell when the cell is immersed in a distilled water, =================================================================== ===================================================================

22 3ive two differences between the passive transport and active transport. !

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2 $redict what will happen to red blood cell if it is immersed into h!pertonic solution. 3ive the reason. ====================================================================== ======================================================================= =======================================================================

2# Describe wh! the plant become wilt if the farmer use e%cessive fertili:er. ====================================================================== ======================================================================

2' 9%plain how we can preserve fish for several wee"s. >se the "nowledge that !ou learns in this chapter. ====================================================================== ====================================================================== ======================================================================

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