Code No: RR210302

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC ELECTRONICS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) From the V-I characteristics of a diode, explain the terms dynamic resistance and static resistance (b) Draw Half - wave rectifier with capacitor filter and explain its operation. [8+8] 2. (a) Explain the various current components in a p-n-p transistor with forward biased emitter junction and reverse biased collector junction. (b) Explain the V- I characteristics of SCR. 3. (a) Explain how the negative feed back effects band width of an amplifier. (b) What is Bark-hausen criterion and explain how it is satisfied in R-C phase shift oscillater circuit. [8+8] 4. (a) Compare and contrast the following timers. i. ii. iii. iv. Delay Timers Interval Timers Repeat cycle timers Reset Timers [10+6] [8+8]

(b) Discuss the process of resistance welding.

5. (a) Explain the theory of induction heating by taking an example of cylindrical metal piece. Draw the Graph showing the variation of eddy current density with distance from the metal surface (b) Discuss different types of losses observed in dielectric heating. 6. (a) Give the applications of C R O. (b) Describe in detail the method of measurement of frequency using Lissajous figures. [8+8] 7. (a) Write an assembly program to subtract two 8-bit numbers. (b) Explain various functions of control unit. [8+8] [10+6]

8. Explain the operation of counter type A-to-D converter using D-to-A converter. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR210302

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC ELECTRONICS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Draw the atomic structure for P and N type semiconductors. Explain about minority and majority carriers. (b) Draw Bridge rectifier circuit and explain the working of it. What are the advantages of it over the full wave rectifier with centre tapped transformer? [8+8] 2. (a) Draw the output characteristics of junction transistor in C B configuration and indicate the active, cut off and saturation regions and explain the shape of the these curves. (b) What are the different methods of triggering SCR. Explain one of these methods. [8+8] 3. (a) Write short notes on “Frequency stability in Oscillator”. (b) Draw the circuit of RC phase shift Oscillator using transistor. Derive an expression for frequency of Oscillation. [6+10] 4. (a) Draw the circuit and explain the operation of Magnetic energy storage welder (b) What are the types of resistance welding and explain each of them. [8+8] 5. (a) Give the principle of Induction heating. What are the merits of Induction heating. (b) Explain the application of Induction heating for i. surface hardening of steel. ii. Annealing of brass and iron. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the working and construction of a CRT with neat sketch. Give the detailed description of all parts in a CRT. (b) What is a time base? State the need for time base in CRO. [8+8] 7. (a) Write an assembly program to subtract two 8-bit numbers. (b) Explain various functions of control unit. [8+8]

8. (a) What are different sources of errors in D-to-A converters? (b) Derive an expression for the output voltage of weighted resistor D-to-A converter. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

Code No: RR210302

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC ELECTRONICS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is meant by Fermi-level in semiconductor? Where does the Fermi level lie in an intrinsic semi-conductor? Explain with neat energy band diagrams. (b) Explain V- I Characteristics of a junction diode with the help of the diode equation. [8+8] 2. (a) Explain the various current components in a p-n-p transistor with forward biased emitter junction and reverse biased collector junction. (b) Explain the V- I characteristics of SCR. [8+8]

3. (a) What are the advantages and disadvantages of negative feed back in amplifiers. (b) Explain the effects of Negative feedback in an amplifier on, i. Distortion, ii. Stability of transfer function. 4. (a) Mention the classification of electronic timers. (b) Discuss magnetic energy storage welding process. [8+8] [8+8]

5. (a) Give the principle of Induction heating. What are the merits of Induction heating. (b) Explain the application of Induction heating for i. surface hardening of steel. ii. Annealing of brass and iron. [8+8]

6. (a) Explain magnetic deflection system employed for deflecting the beam in CRO. Derive the expression for magnetic deflection sensitivity. (b) Explain the need of coating the screen with fluorescent materials and list different fluorescent materials commonly used. [8+8] 7. (a) Distinguish between assembly language and machine languages. What are their advantages and disadvantages? (b) What is subroutine? Explain about subroutine call instructors. [8+8]

8. Explain the operation of counter type A-to-D converter using D-to-A converter. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

Code No: RR210302

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC ELECTRONICS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) A silicon diode showed currents of 2 mA and 10 mA respectively, when the forward biased diode voltages were 0.6 V and 0.7 V. Estimate the operating temperature at the diode junction (b) Explain the operation of centre tapped full wave rectifier. Write the equations for dc output voltage, dc current, ripple factor and efficiency of it. [8+8] 2. (a) Explain the various current components in a p-n-p transistor with forward biased emitter junction and reverse biased collector junction. (b) Explain the V- I characteristics of SCR. [8+8]

3. (a) Draw the circuit of single stage RC coupled Amplifier and explain its principle of operation. (b) Derive an expression for sensitivity of feedback Amplifier. 4. (a) Classify timers according to the function and briefly explain them. (b) Draw the circuit for A.C. resistance welding and explain. 5. (a) Explain the application of induction heating for i. Brazing and ii. Annealing of Brass and Bronze items. (b) Discuss the selection of suitable electrodes for dielectric heating. [8+8] [8+8] [8+8]

6. (a) Explain the working and construction of a CRT with neat sketch. Give the detailed description of all parts in a CRT. (b) What is a time base? State the need for time base in CRO. [8+8]

7. Explain about stack, Input-output and machine control group instructions with examples. [16] 8. (a) Explain the operation of flash A-to-D converter. (b) What is the difference between A-to-D and D-to-A converters? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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