# Code No: RR210402

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 SIGNALS & SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Write the signiﬁcance of spectral analysis in communication systems. [4M]

(b) Explain how a function can be approximated by a set of orthogonal functions. [6M] (c) Derive the expression by which the Mean square error can be evaluated. [6M] 2. (a) Find out the exponential fourier series & plot the magnitude and phase spectrum for the rectangular pulse train shown in the following ﬁgure1. [12M]

Figure 1: (b) Write short notes on exponential fourier spectrum. [4M]

3. (a) State and prove convolution and diﬀerentiation properties of Fourier Transforms. [3+3+4=10M] (b) A signal x(t) is given as x(t)=6 cos 10 πt. This signal is sampled by an impulse train. The sampling frequency of the impulse train are 7 Hz and 14 Hz. Draw the spectra of the original signal. Draw the spectra of the sampled signal with sampling frequency 7 Hz and 14 Hz. [6M] 4. (a) What is an LTI system? Explain its properties. Derive an expression for the transfer function of an LTI system. [2+4+4=10M] (b) Obtain the conditions for the distortionless transmission through a system. What do you understand by the term signal bandwidth? [4+2=6M] 5. (a) What do you understand by Energy spectral density and power spectral density? State and prove Parseval’s theorem for energy signal. [2+2+6=10M] (b) If a signal g(f) is passed through an ideal LPF of bandwidth fc Hz, determine the energy density of the o/p signal. [6M] 1 of 2

Code No: RR210402

Set No. 1

6. Determine the cross correlation function R12 (λ ) of the pair of rectangular pulses shown in the ﬁgure2 and sketch it. What is the value of R21 (λ ). [12+4=16M]

Figure 2: 7. (a) Given, x(t)=e−6t [sin 6πt]u(t), ﬁnd the Fourier transform from the Laplace transform, if possible. Give the reason, if it is not possible. [6+2=8M]
+2s (b) Find the inverse Laplace transform of X(s)= se s(s2 +9)+9 .
−s 2

[8M]

8. (a) Given X (z) = z / [z-1]ˆ3, ﬁnd x (n) using contour integration method. [8M] (b) Distinguish between one-sided and two –sided z-transforms. What are this applications. [8M] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR210402

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 SIGNALS & SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the signiﬁcance of spectrum analysis of signal with regard to synthesis of systems. [4M] (b) Deﬁne orthogonal signal space and bring out clearly its application in representing a signal. [6M] (c) Obtain the condition under which two signals f1 (t) & f2 (t) are said to be orthogonal to each other. Hence prove that Sin nwot and Cos mwot are orthogonal to each other for all integer values of m,n. [6M] 2. (a) Find the exponential Fourier series and plot the magnitude and phase spectrums for the full wave rectiﬁed sine wave the following ﬁgure1. [10M]

Figure 1: (b) Explain the conditions under which any periodic waveform can be expressed using Fourier series. [6M] 3. (a) State and Prove Modulation theorem. [8M]

(b) Using the modulation theorem ﬁnd out the Fourier transform of RF pulse given as y(t) = A rect ( t/ τ ) Cos 2π fc t. [8M] 4. (a) Find the impulse response of the system shown in ﬁgure2. Find the transfer function. What would be its frequency response? Sketch the response. [2+4+2=8M] (b) State and prove sampling theorem. 5. (a) State and prove Rayleigh’s energy theorem. (b) Find the total energy of the Sinc pulse(A Sinc(2wt)). 1 of 2 [2+6=8M] [8M] [8M]

Code No: RR210402

Set No. 2

Figure 2: 6. (a) Determine and sketch the auto correlation function of given exponential pulse. F(t) = e−at . [8M] (b) Show that auto-correlation function and energy density spectrum form a Fourier transform pair. [8M] 7. (a) Find the Laplace transform of [4e−2t cos 5t-3e−2t sin 5t]u(t) and its ROC.[6+2=8M] (b) Find the signal x(t) that corresponds to the Laplace transform 3s2 +22s+27 X(s) = (s2 +3s+2)(s2 +2s+5) [8M]

8. (a) Discuss in detail, the relationship between Laplace transform, and z transform. What is the region of convergence for z transform. [8M] (b) Find the z transform of x (n)=- (aˆn) u (-n-1). ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8M]

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Code No: RR210402

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 SIGNALS & SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne what are Basis functions and explain how basis functions are used for representing an signal over a period t1 < t < t2 . [4M] (b) Deﬁne and discuss the conditions for orthogonality of two functions f1 (t)&f2 (t). [6M] (c) Prove the orthogonality condition in the case of a signal represented by orthogonal signal space consisting of exponential functions, {ejn wot } for ‘n’ integer. [6M] 2. Find out the exponential Fourier series and plot the magnitude and phase spectrum for the sawtooth waveform shown below the ﬁgure1 and ﬁnd out the total normalized average power [8+3+3+2=16M]

Figure 1: 3. (a) Prove the time scaling property of Fourier transform and hence ﬁnd the Fourier transform of f(t) = e−0.5t . [8M] (b) Obtain the Fourier transform of Rectangular pulse of duration T and amplitude A as shown in ﬁgure 2: [8M] 4. (a) What is an LTI system? Explain its properties. Derive an expression for the transfer function of an LTI system. [2+4+4=10M] (b) Obtain the conditions for the distortionless transmission through a system. What do you understand by the term signal bandwidth? [4+2=6M] 5. For the following signal ﬁnd the power, and rms value, and sketch the PSD

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Code No: RR210402

Set No. 3

Figure 2: (a) A cos 100 t + B sin 80 t. (b) Derive the relation between bandwidth and rise time of a system. 6. (a) Determine the auto correlation function of a sinc pulse ASinc(2 ̟ t). (b) List out the properties of auto correlation function. 7. (a) Show the Laplace transform of x(t)=e−at A cos bt + X(s) = (s2As+B where c=b2 +a2 and a>0. +2as+c)
B−Aa b

[8M] [8M] [8M] [8M] sin bt .u(t) is [8M]

(b) State and prove time-diﬀerentiation property of one-sided Laplace transform. [6+2=8M] 8. (a) Explain in detail, the contour integration method of ﬁnding inverse z transform. [6M] (b) For the given signal as under, i. Determine the parameter values for which z transform will exist ii. Find the z transform (c) Plot ROC x (n) = - (bˆn) u (-n-1) + (0.5ˆn) u (n) ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

[10M]

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Code No: RR210402

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 SIGNALS & SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) A rectangular function deﬁned by [10M] 1 0<t<π f (t)= −1 π < t < 2π Approximate above rectangular function by a single sinusoid sin t,Evaluate Mean square error in this approximation. Also show what happens when more number of sinusoidal are used for approximations. (b) Discuss GIBB’S Phenomena in the above problem. [6M]

2. Find out the exponential Fourier series and plot the magnitude and phase spectrum for the sawtooth waveform shown below the ﬁgure1 and ﬁnd out the total normalized average power [8+3+3+2=16M]

Figure 1: 3. (a) Obtain the Fourier transform of the following functions.: i. Impulse function f(t). ii. DC Signal. iii. Unit step function. (b) State and prove diﬀerentiation property of Fourier Transform. [3M] [3M] [4M] [6M]

4. (a) Find the impulse response of the system shown in ﬁgure2. Find the transfer function. What would be its frequency response? Sketch the response. [2+4+2=8M] (b) The transfer function of a system is given by H(w)=k. Where k is a constant. Sketch the magnitude and phase function of this transfer function. Evaluate the impulse response of this ﬁlter. Sketch this response and state whether the ﬁlter is physically realizable. [4+2+2=8M] 1 of 3

Code No: RR210402

Set No. 4

Figure 2: 5. (a) A power signal g(t) has a PSD Sg (ω) = N/(A2 ) -2πB ≤ ω ≤ 2πB ., shown in the ﬁgure3. Where A and N are constants. Determine the PSD and the mean square value of its derivative d(g(t)/dt. [5+5=10M]

Figure 3: (b) Derive the relation between power and power density spectrum. [6M]

6. (a) Specify two distinctly diﬀerent pulse signals that have exactly the same auto correlation function. [8M] (b) Consider a signal g(t) given by g(t)=A0 + A1 Cos(2 π f1 t+θ)+A2 Cos(2 π f2 t+θ). i. Determine the auto correlation function R(τ ) of this signal. [4M] ii. What is the value of R(0). [2M] iii. Has any information about g(t) been lost in obtaining auto correlation function? [2M] 7. (a) Find the Inverse Laplace transform of
s+1 . s2 +4s+13

[8M]

(b) Let x(t) be a signal that has a rational Laplace transform with exactly Two poles at s = -1 and s = -3. If g(t)=e2t x(t) and G(jw) [Fourier transform of g(t) ] converges, Determine whether x(t) is left sided, right sided or two sided. [8M] 8. (a) Explain in detail, the contour integration method of ﬁnding inverse z transform. [6M] (b) For the given signal as under, i. Determine the parameter values for which z transform will exist 2 of 3

Code No: RR210402 ii. Find the z transform (c) Plot ROC x (n) = - (bˆn) u (-n-1) + (0.5ˆn) u (n) ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 4
[10M]

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