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Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FLUID MECHANICS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain the function of a two ﬂuid manometer and derive the equation for pressure drop. [16] 2. Explain the behavior of non Newtonian ﬂuids with the help of plot and give examples. [16] 3. An incompressible ﬂuid is ﬂowing through a horizontal cylindrical pipe of radius rw , show that the shear stress distribution is [τw /rw ] = [τ /w]. [16] 4. Brine is to be pumped through 35 m of smooth copper tube having an inside diameter of 2.5 cm. The ﬂow rate is 240 lt / min. Calculate frictional pressure drop and the power required to over come friction. Given the speciﬁc gravity of brine is 1.18 and the viscosity of brine is 2.5 cp. [16] 5. Air ﬂows from a reservoir through an isentropic nozzle into a long straight pipe. The pressure and temperature in the reservoir are 20 atm and 4500k respectively and the mach number at the entrance of the pipe is 0.05. What is the value of f Lmax /rH ? [16] 6. (a) Deﬁne superﬁcial velocity. Express average velocity in terms of superﬁcial velocity and porosity. [8] (b) Deﬁne equivalent diameter of the particle and sphericity. [4] (c) Write the Ergun equation , Kozeny carman equation and Blake plummer equation. [4] 7. What is Pneumatic conveying. Explain. [16]

8. A venturimeter having a throat diameter of 38.9 mm is installed in a line having an inside diameter of 102.3 mm. It meters water having a density of 999 Kg/m3 . Pressure drop across the venturimeter is 156.9 KPa. Venture coeﬃcient is 0.98.Calculate the volumetric ﬂow rate. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR210801

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FLUID MECHANICS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Determine the dimensionless groups formed from the variables involved in the ﬂow of ﬂuid external to a solid body. The force exerted on the body is a function of v, l, U, and L. [16] 2. Explain the behavior of non Newtonian ﬂuids with the help of plot and give examples. [16] 3. An incompressible ﬂuid is ﬂowing through a horizontal cylindrical pipe of radius rw , show that the shear stress distribution is [τw /rw ] = [τ /w]. [16] 4. A pump delivers water from a holding tank at atmospheric pressure to a process equipment at 450 kpa at a ﬂow rate of 6.2 lt/s. The process equipment is located 10 m higher than the holding tank. Calculate the power requirement for the pump if its eﬃciency is 70% , the ﬂuid friction and the changes in kinetic energy are negligible. Take density of water as 995 kg/m3 . [16] 5. (a) Deﬁne mach number and explain its signiﬁcance. (b) What do you mean by sonic, subsonic and super sonic ﬂow. (c) How is the mach number important in establishing the relation between the velocity and the area of cross section for ﬂow through nozzles. [4+6+6] 6. Estimate the terminal velocity of 0.2 mm diameter spherical particles of density 2800kg/m3 which are freely falling in liquid of viscosity 5Cp and density 1000 kg/m3 . [16] 7. (a) What are the diﬀerences between the particulate and aggregative ﬂuidization. Write atleast ﬁve applications of ﬂuidization. (b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of ﬂuidization. [6+10]

8. Explain the principle of operation of the pitot tube and indicate how it can be used in order to measure the total ﬂow rate of ﬂuid in a duct. If a pitot tube is inserted in a pipe of circular cross section in which the ﬂuid is in a stream line ﬂow. Calculate at what point in the cross section it should be inserted so as to give direct reading of the mean velocity of the ﬂow of ﬂuid. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR210801

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FLUID MECHANICS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Why the pressure measurement is important. Classify the pressure measuring devices. [6] (b) Explain the construction, Principle of a simple U-tube manometer and derive the equation for pressure drop. [10] 2. The water ﬂows in a pipe line, whose diameter changes from 20cm at one end A to 50 cm at another end‘B’ pressure at two ends are 78.5 KN/m2 and 58.9 KN/m2 respectively. The ﬂow rate is 200m/sec End B is higher than end A by 3m. Determine the direction of ﬂow. [16] 3. A small capillary with an inside diameter of 2.22 × 10−3 m and a length 0.317 m is being used to continuously measure the ﬂow rate of a liquid having a density of 875 kg/m3 and viscosity of 1.13 × 10−3 Pa s. The pressure drop reading across the capillary during ﬂow is 0.0655 m water of density 996 kg/m3 . What is the ﬂow rate in m3 /s if end eﬀect corrections are neglected. [16] 4. (a) Deﬁne hydraulic radius and equivalent diameter. Why equivalent diameter is calculated? [8] (b) Calculate the hydraulic radius for a circular tube and for an annular ﬂow between two concentric pipes. [8] 5. (a) Explain isothermal frictional ﬂow with a neat diagram. (b) Derive the basic equation for isothermal frictional ﬂow. [6] [10]

6. Derive the expression for the terminal velocity of the spherical particles in the Stroke’s law region. [16] 7. What is Pneumatic conveying. Explain. [16]

8. Water ﬂowing at 1500cm3 /sec in a 50mm diameter pipe is metered by means of a simple oriﬁce of diameter 25mm. If the coeﬃcient of discharge of the meter is 0.62, what will be the reading on a mercury manometer connected to the meter. What is the Reynold’s number for the ﬂow in the pipe. Density of water is 1000kg/m3 viscosity of water=1mNs/m2 . [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR210801

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FLUID MECHANICS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Why the pressure measurement is important. Classify the pressure measuring devices. [6] (b) Explain the construction, Principle of a simple U-tube manometer and derive the equation for pressure drop. [10] 2. Derive the three dimensional equation of continuity. [16]

3. A liquid is ﬂowing through a horizontal pipe of diameter 0.0525m and length 1m with a velocity of 4.57 m/s. The viscosity of the liquid is 4.46 cp and the density 801 kg/m3 . Calculate the skin friction. The friction factor is given as 0.006. [16] 4. Calculate the pressure gradient , the average velocity and the Reynolds number of operation if the maximum shear stress is measured as 200N/m2 for the ﬂow of glycerine of viscosity 7 Poise and speciﬁc gravity is 1.3 in a pipe of diameter 10 cm. [16] 5. Air at 1.7 atm gauge and 150 C enters a horizontal steel 75mm pipe, 70 m long . The velocity at the entrance of the pipe is 60 m/s . Assuming isothermal ﬂow, what is the pressure at each discharge end of the line? [16] 6. Estimate the terminal velocity of 0.2 mm diameter spherical particles of density 2800kg/m3 which are freely falling in liquid of viscosity 5Cp and density 1000 kg/m3 . [16] 7. What are the types of ﬂuidization. Write the equations used to calculate pressure drop in ﬂuidized beds. [16] 8. A pitot tube is used to measure the ﬂow rate of water at 200 C in the center of a pipe having an inside diameter of 102.3 mm .The manometer reading is 78 mm of carbon tetra chloride at 200 C. The pitot tube coeﬃcient is 0.98. Calculate the velocity and volumetric ﬂow rate .The density of water is 1 gm/cc and that of carbon tetrachloride is 1.6 gm/cc. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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