Code No: RR211002

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Calculate the electric field intensity that will be just sufficient to balance the gravitational force of an electron. [8M] (b) Determine the charge that produces an electric field strength of 40 volts per cm, at a distance of 30cm in vaccum. [8M] 2. (a) What are the matching boundary conditions at the interface between two dissimilar dielectric media for electric field intensity and electric flux density?Derive the relations. [8M] (b) Obtain an expression for the capacitance of unit length of an infinite coaxial transmission line in terms of the dimensions and ε0 . [8M] 3. Find the magnetic field intensity due to the presence of a finite straight filament conductor carrying current I using Ampere’s Law for current element: Hence establish the relations for semi-infinite and infinite wires. [16M] 4. (a) What are the different ways to produce an emf in a conducting loop? [4M]

(b) Let µ = 10−5 H/m, ε = 4 ×10−9 F/m, and σ = 0, and ρv = 0. Find k if the following pair of fields satisfy Maxwell’s equations. D = 6 ax - 2y ay + 2z az nC/m2 , H = kx ax + 10y ay - 25z az A/m [6M] (c) A current sheet, K = 9ay A/m, is located at z = 0, the interface between region 1, z < 0, with µr1 = 4, and region 2, z > 0, µr2 = 3. Given that H2 = 14.5 ax + 8az A/m, find H1 . [6M] 5. (a) Starting from the Maxwell’s curl equations, derive the wave equation in Electric field for free space. [6M] (b) Given a non-magnetic material having εr = 2.35, σ = 104 mhos/m., find the loss tangent, attenuation, phase factor and intrinsic impedance at 2.5 MHz. [10M] 6. (a) What is the loss tangent of a medium? Derive an expression for the same in terms of medium constants. [8M] (b) Compute the phase velocity, attenuation, propagation constant and intrinsic impedance for a 1 MHz plane wave in a large copper with µr = 1, εr = 1, σ = 5.87 × 107 mhos/m. [8M] 7. (a) A wave is incident at an arbitrary angle on a perfect conductor. Derive expressions for reflected fields under parallel polarization. [10M] 1 of 2

Code No: RR211002

Set No. 1
[8M]

(b) Show that the field existing in the second medium under conditions of total Internal reflections is a non-uniform plane wave and slow wave. [6M] 8. (a) Discuss the significance and applications of Poynting Theorem.

(b) Explain the utility of Poynting vector. If the peak poynting vector in free space is 10w/m2 find the amplitudes of electric and magnetic fields. [8M] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR211002

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Show that in an electrostatic field, electric field intensity E and electrostatic potential V are related as E=−∇V. [8M] (b) Three equal positive charges are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle with a side of ‘d’ meters. Determine the magnitude and direction of the electric field at the point bisecting each side of the equilateral triangle. [8M] 2. Obtain an expression for the capacitance of a co-axial cylinder of diameters d1 and d2 and length l.In a concentric cable condenser, the diameter of the inner and outer cylinders are 3mm and 10mm, respectively. If relative permittivity of the insulator is 3, find its capacity per meter. [16M] 3. (a) An infinite conductor carries a current of 2A in the Z direction . Find the magnitude of the force on 1m length of the conductor , if the field in which the conductor is placed is given as B = ( 0.1 ux - 0.2 uy ) Tesla. ˆ ˆ [12M] (b) Explain why ∇. B = 0 ? [4M]

4. (a) Given in free space, E = E0 cos (ωt- βz) ax and B = (E0 /η) cos (ωt- βz) ay . Determine η in terms of ω, µ0 , ε0 so that the fields satisfy all the Maxwell’s equations. [6M] (b) State and prove the boundary conditions on the normal component of time varying D-field at the surface of discontinuity. [6M] (c) Given H = 300 cos(3 × 108 t -y) az A/m in free space, find the emf developed in the closed square path having corners at (0, 0, 0), (1, 0, 0), (1, 1, 0), and (0, 1, 0). [4M] 5. (a) Starting from the general expression for the propagation constant γ in terms of the medium constants, find the attenuation α and phase factor β. [6M] (b) A uniform plane wave is propagating through a non-magnetic medium. Determine the relative dielectric constant of the medium if [10M] i. the intrinsic impedance is 220 Ohms ii. the wavelength at 10 GHz is 1.5 cm. 6. (a) Explain how materials are classified depending on relaxation time. [6M]

(b) A large copper conductor µr = 1, εr = 1, σ = 5.87 × 106 mhos/m. supports a 50 Hz plane wave . compute α, β, η, λ and phase velocity of propagation.

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Code No: RR211002

Set No. 2
[10M]

7. (a) A plane wave is normally incident from air to the surface of dielectric medium. Show that a partial standing wave is formed in air. [8M] (b) Reflection of an incident plane wave from the surface of a certain dielectric material of effectively infinite depth is seen produce a standing wave ratio of 2 in air. The face of the dielectric is an electric field minimum. Find the dielectric constant of the material. [8M] 8. (a) For a plane wave with E = 4 sin (2π ×107 t - 0.8 x)az V/m. Determine the time average power carried by the wave. [8M] (b) Using Poynting theorem find the expression for power flow in a co axial cable . [8M] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR211002

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Show that in an electrostatic field, electric field intensity E and electrostatic potential V are related as E=−∇V. [8M] (b) Three equal positive charges are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle with a side of ‘d’ meters. Determine the magnitude and direction of the electric field at the point bisecting each side of the equilateral triangle. [8M] 2. (a) Show that the displacement current in the dielectric of a parallel plate capacitor is equal to the conduction current in the leads. [8M] (b) Investigate the vector magnetic potential for the infinite, straight, current element L in free space. [8M] 3. A single turn circular coil of 50m diameter carries a current of 28×10−4 A. Determine the magnetic field intensity H at a point on the axis of the coil and 100m away from the coil. The relative permeability of free space surrounding the coil is unity and also derive the formula employed. [16M] 4. (a) Given E = Em sin(ωt -βz)ay in free space, find D, B and H. [8M]

(b) A current sheet K= (8/µ0) ay (A/m), at x = 0 separates region 1, x < 0 and µr1 = 3, from region 2, x > 0 and µr2 = 1. Given H1 = (10/µ0 ) (ay + az ) A/m find H2 . [8M] 5. (a) Define intrinsic impedance of free space? [4M] [12M] 6. (a) Show that a linearly polarized wave can be obtained as the superposition of two circularly polarized waves rotating in opposite directions but at the same angular rate. [8M] (b) Sea water at a frequency of 5 x 108 Hz has µr = 1, εr = 81, σ = 4.5 mhos/m. Find the ratio of conduction current density to displacement current density at this frequency. [8M] 7. Explain the phenomenon of reflection by a perfect dielectric under obtique incidence with parallel polarization. Obtain the Brewstar angle for this case. [16M] 8. (a) A uniform plane wave with wave length 3cm in free space is normally incident on fiber glass (σ = o, εr = 4.9). [8M] 1 of 2

(b) Obtain expression for α and β in terms of primary constants of the medium?

Code No: RR211002

Set No. 3

i. What thickness of glass will produce no reflections ii. What percentage of the incident power will be transmitted through the fiber glass if the frequency is reduced by 10%. (b) The poynting vector is given by 300cos(3×108 t-z) az (w/m2 ). Find the average power crossing [8M] i. 1m2 of the z = 0 plane ii. 1m2 of the plane defined by points (0,0,0),(0,4,0)and(3,0,2). ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR211002

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Distinguish between potential and potential gradient. Explain why in the analysis of electrostatic fields, it is simpler to use electric potential that electric field strength. [10M] (b) State and explain conservative property of electric field. [6M]

2. (a) A parallel plate capacitor consists of two plates each 30cm×30cm spaced 2 mm apart two dielectrics each 1mm thick having relative permittivities of 3 and 5. If the potential difference between the plates is 5000V, Calculate the voltage gradient in each dielectric. [10M] (b) A parallel plate capacitor is composed of thin metal sheets 25cm×25cm with glass as dielectric 6.25mm thick in between with relative dielectric constant=6. Find the capacitance. [6M] 3. (a) Define and establish Ampere’s circuital Law for magnetostatic fields. (b) State and prove Stoke’s theorem. [6M] [10M]

4. (a) In a nonmagnetic medium, E = 50cos(109 t - 8x) ay + 40sin (109 t - 8x) az V/m, find the dielectric constant εr and the corresponding H. [8M] (b) A conducting bar can slide freely over two conducting parallel rails. While Sliding, the bar always makes 900 with the rails. The starting end of the first rail is at (0, 0, 0) and the rail aligns with y-axis. The starting end of the second rail is located at (0.06m, 0, 0). The starting ends of these to rails are connected by a straight conducting wire. The velocity of the sliding bar v = 20 ay m/s. Rails, connecting wire, sliding bar make a rectangular loop in the xy-plane.Calculate the induce the e.m.f as a function a of time in the loop due to magnetic flux density B = 0.004 cos(106 t - y) az Tesla. [8M] 5. (a) Starting from the Maxwell’s curl equations, derive the wave equation in Magnetic field for free space. [6M] (b) A plane wave with frequency f = 16 GHz travels in a distilled water with µr = 1, εr = 50, σ = 20 mhos/m. Calculate the propagation constant, attenuation, phase factor and intrinsic impedance. [10M] 6. (a) Explain EM wave propagation in a lossless medium. (b) In a sinusoidal travelling wave define the terms 1 of 2 [6M] [10M]

Code No: RR211002 i. phase velocity ii. Phase-shift constant iii. Wave length

Set No. 4

7. (a) Derive the expression for reflection coefficients for perpendicular polarization of plane waves obligates incident on a dielectric. [8M] (b) A plane wave in air strikes a sheet of polystyrene at an angle of 30o with polarization parallel to the y-z plane of incidence. The maximum electric field intensity is 50 µV/m at a frequency of 300 MHz. [8M] i. Calculate the maximum values of transmitted and reflected fields. ii. Determine the angle of refraction. 8. (a) Discuss the significance and applications of Poynting Theorem. [8M]

(b) Explain the utility of Poynting vector. If the peak poynting vector in free space is 10w/m2 find the amplitudes of electric and magnetic fields. [8M] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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