Code No: RR211003

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the construction and working principles of Gear mechanism. [4+4] (b) Explain the basic concepts of Scale and pointer type of Indicating Mechanism. [8] 2. (a) Briefly explain about the basic pneumatic control mechanism with diagram. (b) Give a schematic block diagram of a rapid acting pneumatic control mechanism and explain briefly. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain how a potentiometer can be used as a control component in servo control system. (b) Explain in detail the various characteristics of potentiometer. [8+8] 4. (a) In what way is a stepper motor different from an ordinary motor? [4] (b) Explain the working of a variable relectance stepper motor with a neat sketch. [4] (c) What is step angle and what is its significance? 5. (a) (b) (c) (d) [8] List the different types of windings that are employed in inductors. List the factors affecting the capacitance of capacitors. Explain the terms electrical noise, power derating and Boells effect of resistors. Explain the colour code for resistors. [4+4+4+4]

6. With the help of functional diagram explain the operation of astable multivibrator using 555 timer and derive the expression for thigh and tlow . [4+4+4+4] 7. (a) What is the essential difference between principle of operation of normal p-n diode and a LED. (b) Describe the working principle of light emitting diode with neat diagram. (c) Draw the schematic representation of an optocoupler and explain its working principle. [4+6+6] 8. (a) What is the grating and how is it useful in control system. (b) Mention different types of grating and explain in detail the working of any one of them. (c) Describe how grating is manufactured. [4+6+6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

Code No: RR211003

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Describe in detail the Geneva Mechanism. (b) Explain the basic principle of the instrument used for Condition monitoring of any process. [8+8] 2. (a) What is a Booster relay. (b) When is it used? (c) What are the limitations? [6+6+4]

3. (a) In what way a pulse transformer is different from normal transformer. (b) A square waveform is given as input to a pulse transfer, sketch the O/P waveform. (c) Mention a few uses of pulse transformer. 4. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors. (b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches. [6+10] 5. (a) Explain the construction and working principle of TRIAC. (b) Draw the circuit symbol and also explain its V-I characteristics. [10+6] [6+6+4]

6. (a) With a typical connection diagram explain the circuit operation of the adjustable positive voltage regulator LM317. (b) Design an adjustable voltage regulator using LM317 to satisfy the following condition: Output voltage V0 = 5 to 12V Output current I0 = 1A, Adjustment pincurrent (Iadj ) for LM317 =100µA. [10+6] 7. (a) What is the essential difference between principle of operation of normal p-n diode and a LED. (b) Describe the working principle of light emitting diode with neat diagram. (c) Draw the schematic representation of an optocoupler and explain its working principle. [4+6+6] 8. (a) Discuss the spectral transmittance characteristics of an absorption filter. (b) What are the parameters to be observed in the design of grating.

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Code No: RR211003

Set No. 2

(c) Give two types of mounting of grating and explain the importance of mount in the grating. [6+4+6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR211003

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) List the materials used for manufacturing of gears. (b) Explain in detail the characterists of materials required for usage in gears. [4+12] 2. (a) Discriminates between properties and interval and differential control as applied to control systems. (b) Explain the working principles of derivative and integral action of pneumatic controller. [8+8] 3. (a) In what way a pulse transformer is different from normal transformer. (b) A square waveform is given as input to a pulse transfer, sketch the O/P waveform. (c) Mention a few uses of pulse transformer. 4. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors. (b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches. [6+10] 5. (a) Explain the construction and working principle of SCR. (b) Draw two transistor for representation of SCR and also explain its V-I characteristics. [8+8] 6. (a) Draw and explain the functional diagram of a 555 timer. (b) What are the different modes of operation of a 555 timer? Explain the function of reset. [8+8] 7. (a) Explain the construction and working principle of photo detector. (b) Describe how light dependent resistor is used for control applications? (c) Explain how photodiode be use in a relay system. (b) What are the parameters to be observed in the design of grating? (c) Show how an optical filter forms as a part of an optical control system. [6+4+6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 [8+4+4] 8. (a) Discuss the spectral transmittance characteristics of an absorption filter. [6+6+4]

Code No: RR211003

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Classify different types of bearings. [6]

(b) Where are ball and roller bearings are used in preference to one another in special applications. [5+5] 2. A flat circular diaphragm of mild steel has diameter of 15mm young’s modulus is 200GN/m2 and Poisson’s ratios is 0.28 find the thickness of the diaphragm if the maximum stress is not exceed 300MN/m2 . When the applied pressure is 300kN2 find the deflection at the center of diaphragm. [6+10] 3. (a) With neat diagrams explain the working of a synchro transmit receive system. (b) Mention major applications of synchro system. 4. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors. (b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches. [6+10] 5. (a) Compare the three transistor configurations. (b) Explain transistor as a voltage amplifier. (c) Explain the operation of CB configuration using its input and output characteristics. [4+4+8] 6. (a) With the help of functional diagram and circuit diagram explain the monostable operation of 555 timer. (b) Derive the expression for time delay of a monostable multivibrator. 7. (a) Explain the principle of working of a photodiode. (b) Give the construction details of a photodiode and explain its working. (c) Show how a photodiode be used as a photo detector. [6+6+4] [10+6] [10+6]

8. (a) What do you understand by the term multilayer filter and mention its uses. (b) Which is the most widely used prism monochromator design? Explain. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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