Code No: RR211103

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BIO-ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRODES (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Write short notes on: (a) Nerve conduction (b) Cathode ray oscilloscope. [8] [8]

2. Write about the spark theory ( electrical transmission of an Impulse). Explain how synaptic delay in transmission is reduced by electrical transmission. [16] 3. Explain about the mechanical activity of the heart in detail? 4. Explain in brief the significance of Einthoven triangle? 5. What are the bioelectric sources used in volume conductor fields? 6. Write a note on “ Physiotherapy instruments”. 7. How are motor unit potentials generated? Explain. 8. (a) Explain impedance Plethysmography? (b) What are the methods of measuring the tissue resistance? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16] [16] [16] [16] [16] [8+8]

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Code No: RR211103

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BIO-ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRODES (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is refractory period and explain absolute and relative refractory periods.[16] 2. Give an account of generation and propagation of an impulse in unmyelinated and myelinated nerve fibers. [16] 3. Explain about the mechanical activity of the heart in detail? [16]

4. Explain how the PQRST complex of the ECG waveform is generated in the heart. [16] 5. What are the bioelectric sources used in volume conductor fields? [16]

6. With a neat circuit diagram, explain the Electrode-Electrolyte interface? What are different types of physiotherapy instruments? [16 7. Explain the electrical activity of skeletal muscles? Discuss the needle electrodes. [16] 8. (a) What are the forward problems associated with bioelectric phenomena. [8+8] (b) What do you mean by EEG? What is REM. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR211103

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BIO-ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRODES (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is membrane conductance? Explain the same with reference to Squid axon. [16] 2. What does characterise transmission at nerve endings? Add a note on properties of synapse. [16] 3. Explain the characteristics of action potentials at the following: (a) SA Node (b) Atria (c) AV Node (d) Ventricle (e) Purkinjee fiber. 4. Explain how the PQRST complex of the ECG waveform is generated in the heart. [16] 5. Write a short note on: (a) Integral equations in volume conductor fields. (b) Solid angle computations. 6. Write a note on “ Physiotherapy instruments”. 7. (a) What are various electrodes used in EMG? (b) Write a note on use of EMG in diagnosing neuromuscular disorders. 8. Discuss the different waves and rhythms in Electroencephalogram. Explain. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16] [8+8] [8+8] [16]

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Code No: RR211103

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BIO-ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRODES (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is all or none principle? Explain how action potentials are recorded. [16]

2. Describe the mechanism(s) of synaptic transmission by electrical and chemical ways and mention salient features of electrical transmission. [16] 3. Explain about the mechanical activity of the heart in detail? 4. Explain in brief the significance of Einthoven triangle? 5. What are the bioelectric sources used in volume conductor fields? 6. Explain the mechanical properties of microelectrodes? [16] [16] [16] [16]

7. (a) What do you mean by the process of neuromuscular transmission. Explain. [8+8] (b) Draw and explain the EMG waveform. 8. Explain how EEG is recorded. Explain the different patterns of the same. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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