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Mechanics

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Kinetics : Power & Efficiency

Power Power is by definition the rate of working. Since work = force x distance moved, it follows that :

Example A military tank of mass 20 metric tonnes moves up a 30o hill at a uniform speed of 5 ms-1 . If all the frictional forces opposing motion total 5000N, what is the power delivered by the engine? (g = 10ms-2 , answer in kW) If the tank is moving at constant speed then the forces forwards are balanced by the forces backwards. m is the tank's mass, then mgsin30o is the component of the weight down the hill R is the total of resistive forces down the hill T is the tractive force forwards up the hill mgsin30o + R = T T = (20,000 x 10 x 0.5) + 5000 = 105,000N power = force x speed power of tank engine = 105,000 x 5 = 525,000W Ans. 525 kW

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Mechanics

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Efficiency Efficiency is the ratio of useful work out divided by total work done, expressed as a percentage.

Example A pump running at an efficiency of 70% delivers oil at a rate of 4 kgs-1 with a speed of 3 ms-1to an oil heater . if the vertical distance moved by the oil is 10 m, what is the power consumption of the pump? (g = 10 ms-2, answer to 1 d.p.)

Ef = 70%, m=4kg, v=3 ms-1 , h=10 m, g=10 ms-2 work/sec. to raise oil 8 m high = mgh = 4x10x10 = 400 J/s work/sec. to produce discharge speed = 0.5x4x3x3 = 18 J/s total work/sec. = 400 + 18 = 418 W 418 W represents 70% of the power supplied therefore total power consumption of pump =

Ans. power consumption of pump is 597.1W (1.d.p.)

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UsefulNot usefulPower is by definition the rate of working while efficiency is the ratio of useful work out divided by total work done, expressed as a percentage.here you will find many worked examples to illustra...

Power is by definition the rate of working while efficiency is the ratio of useful work out divided by total work done, expressed as a percentage.here you will find many worked examples to illustrate these concepts.

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