Code No: RR212203

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TRANSDUCERS AND INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Define the following static characteristics with necessary examples and graphs: i. ii. iii. iv. v. Accuracy sensitivity static error Dead space Drift.

[10M]

(b) A voltage has a true value of 1.50 volts. An Analog indicating instrument with a scale range of 0-2.50 volts shows a voltage of 1.46 volts. What are the values of absolute error and correction. Express the error as a traction of the true value and the full-scale deflection. [6M] 2. (a) Show that a wire wound resistance potentiometer can be used for measurement of linear and angular displacements. Comment on its linearity and resolution and the factors affecting these characteristics. [8M] (b) Prove that potentiometer characteristics obey with zero order instruments performance. [8M] 3. (a) Explain with relevant diagrams a capacitance level indicators. [8M]

(b) Describe briefly about diaphragm type capacitive transducer and mention its advantages and disadvantages. [8M] 4. (a) Describe the principle of working of a bimetallic thermometer with a neat sketch. [12M] (b) Name the metals or materials used for i. Thermocouples and ii. Resistance thermometers. [4M]

5. (a) Classify different chain drives and explain in brief the working of each. [8M] (b) Briefly describe as to how power is transmitted through chains. [8M]

6. (a) Discriminates between an indicator and records as control component.[6M] (b) Briefly explain the construction and working details of pneumatic recorder. [10M] 7. Which component does the circuit represent? (figure1) 1 of 2 [4M]

Code No: RR212203

Set No. 1

Figure 1: (a) Draw the characteristics of the output for a fixed ac input as dc is changed in the above circuit. [8M] (b) Explain how the above component can be used in control system. 8. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors. [4M] [4M] [12M] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches.

2 of 2

Code No: RR212203

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TRANSDUCERS AND INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Classify various transducers and give an example of each and mention their applications. [8M] (b) What is the true value of voltage across the 500 KΩ resistor connected between terminals A and B as shown in (figure1) below ? What would a voltmeter with a sensitivity of 20 KΩ/v read on the following ranges: 50, 15,5 volts when connected across terminals C and D. [8M]

Figure 1: 2. (a) What are RTD’s, and on what basic principle do they work? Explain their construction. [10M] (b) The resistance of a platinum resistance thermometer element at 150 C is required to be 50 ohms. Determine the length of the wire needed if the diameter of the wire is 0.25 mm. Assuming that the temperature coefficient of resistance of the wire is constant, calculate the element resistance’s at ‘0’ and 100o C. Assume missing data. [6M] 3. (a) Why the piezo electric transducer cannot be used for measurement of static displacement. [8M] (b) Explain the concept of piezo electric accelerometer with neat sketch. 4. Explain the principle of working and applications of optical pyrometers. 5. (a) Explain the Construction and Working principles of Gear mechanism. [8M] [16M] [8M] [8M] 6. (a) What are the basic requirements of control mechanism? (b) With a block schematic the functioning of a control mechanism. [8M] [8M]

(b) Explain the basic concepts of Scale and pointer type of Indicating Mechanism.

7. (a) Express a relationship between various voltages of a synchro transmitter.[8M] 1 of 2

Code No: RR212203

Set No. 2
[4M] [12M] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) How are synchros useful in error detection and correction in a servo control system. [8M] 8. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors.

(b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches.

2 of 2

Code No: RR212203

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TRANSDUCERS AND INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Define the following static characteristics with necessary examples and graphs: i. ii. iii. iv. v. Accuracy sensitivity static error Dead space Drift.

[10M]

(b) A voltage has a true value of 1.50 volts. An Analog indicating instrument with a scale range of 0-2.50 volts shows a voltage of 1.46 volts. What are the values of absolute error and correction. Express the error as a traction of the true value and the full-scale deflection. [6M] 2. (a) What is the purpose of connecting thermocouples in parallel? [4M]

(b) Suggest an instrumentation circuit for thermocouples, which will produce a linear output with temperature. [8M] (c) State two advantages of using a thermocouple for measurement of temperature. [4M] 3. (a) Why the piezo electric transducer cannot be used for measurement of static displacement. [8M] (b) Explain the concept of piezo electric accelerometer with neat sketch. 4. (a) List the detectors used in radiation and optical pyrometers. [8M] [8M]

(b) Explain the factors affecting the static accuracy of filled in thermometers.[8M] 5. (a) Derive the expression for the ratio of driving tensions in v-belts. (b) Compare the performance of v and flat belt drives. [8M] [8M]

6. (a) Give the schematic of general pneumatic control system and describe the function of various elements? [8M] (b) What are the advantages and limitations of pneumatic controller? 7. (a) What are the essential characteristics required of a switch. [8M] [2M]

(b) Mention different types of switches based on the number of circuits they can switch and the number of outlets for each circuit. [6M] (c) Can active elements like diode and transistor be used as switch Explain.[8M] 1 of 2

Code No: RR212203

Set No. 3
[4M] [12M] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

8. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors.

(b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches.

2 of 2

Code No: RR212203

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TRANSDUCERS AND INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Categorise various errors and explain the causes and suggest remedies. [12M] (b) The true value of voltage across a resistor is 50V. The measurement find a value of 49V. Calculate i. the absolute error ii. the percent error iii. the percent accuracy.

[4M]

2. (a) Explain the calibration procedure for an hotwire anemometer with necessary sketches. (b) Mention the differences between thermistor, RTD and anemometers. [8+8]

3. A parallel plate capacitive transducer uses plates of area 500mm2 which are separated by a distance of 0.2mm. Calculate the value of capacitance when the dielectric is air having a permittivity of 8.85 × 10−12 f /m. (a) Calculate the change in capacitance if a linear displacement reduces the distance between the plates to 0.18mm. Also calculate the ration of per unit change of capacitance to per unit change of displacement. [8M] (b) Suppose a mica sheet 0.01mm thick is inserted in the gap. Calculate the value of original capacitance and change in capacitance for the same displacement. Also calculate the ratio of per unit change in capacitance to per unit charge in displacement. The dielectric constant of mica is 8. [8M] 4. What are the main factors considered for lead arrangement an RTD? Explain any one briefly. [16M] 5. (a) Derive the expression for n of a spiral gear. (b) Describe in detail a system which uses spiral gear. 6. (a) What is the need for a value. (b) When are they installed? (c) Give typical design guidelines for diaphragms. 7. (a) What does a magnetic amplifier amplify? (b) Is magnetic amplifier an energy converter if so how? [8M] [8M] [4M] [6M] [6M] [2M] [4M]

(c) Draw the circuit diagram of a magnetic amplifier and explain how it exerts controls in a control system. [10M] 1 of 2

Code No: RR212203

Set No. 4
[4M] [12M] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

8. (a) Discriminate between ordinary electric motors and Servo motors.

(b) Briefly explain the working of D.C and A.C servomotors with neat sketches.

2 of 2