# Code No: RR212402

Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is KCL and KVL? Explain it clearly. (b) For the circuit shown in the ﬁgure 1 determine the current through 6 ohms resistor and the power supplied by the current source. [8+8]

Figure 1: 2. (a) A 4-pole machine running at 1000 rpm has an Armature with 80 slots having 8 conductors per slot. The ﬂux per pole is 6 × 10−2 wb. Determine the induced emf as a D.C generator. If the coils are lap connected. If the current per conductor is 50 Amperes, determine the electrical power output of the machine. (b) Write the c.m.f equation of a D.C generator and derive it. 3. (a) Explain about the working principle of transformer. (b) Clearly explain about core type Transformer and shell-type transformer. What are the main diﬀerences between them? [8+8] 4. (a) Deﬁne slip. Hence deduce the expression for frequency of Rotor current? (b) Discuss in detail the Predetermination of regulation of an alternator. [8+8] [8+8]

5. (a) Show that, for the full-wave rectiﬁer, the ratio of rectiﬁcation is twice that of half-wave rectiﬁer. (b) A 230V, 60Hz voltage is applied to the primary of a 5:1 step down transformer used in a bridge rectiﬁer having a load of 900 Ω. If the diode resistance and secondary coil resistance together has a resistance of 100 Ω, determine i. D.C voltage across the load ii. D.C current ﬂowing through the load 1 of 2

Code No: RR212402 iii. PIV of each diode iv. ripple voltage and its frequency.

Set No. 1
[8+8]

6. (a) Draw the input and output characteristics of n-p-n transistor in common base conﬁguration and explain how they are obtained? (b) In a ﬁxed bias circuit using n-p-n transistor, ﬁnd the operating point if VCC = 24V, RB = 220kΩ, RC = 4.7kΩ. [10+6] 7. (a) Draw the circuit diagram for an monostable multivibrator using 555 timer and explain its working with suitable waveforms. (b) An astable multi is designed using 555 timer for a frequency of 5kHz. Determine the value of the capacitor needed using RA = RB = 10kΩ. Sketch the waveforms at the capacitor and at the output. [8+8] 8. (a) Describe the process of Resistance welding in detail. (b) A 20KW single phase, 220V resistance oven employs circular Nichrome wire for its heating element. If the wire temperature is not to exceed 11270 C and the temperature of the charge is to be 4270 C, calculate the size and length of wire required. Assume emissivity and radiation eﬃciency are 0.9 and 0.6 respectively. What would be the temperature of wire when the charge is cold? [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR212402

Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain clearly about STAR-DELTA TRANSFORMATION. (b) What are the dependent, Independent sources. Explain it clearly. 2. (a) Derive the condition for Maximum Eﬃciency of a D.C generator. (b) Write the motor principle and also write the signiﬁcance of the Back e.m.f. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the principle of working of 1-φ transformer on no-load conditions. Also explain the nature of no-load current. (b) Explain how the equivalent circuit parameters can be obtained from open circuit and short circuit tests. [8+8] 4. (a) A 2000V, 1-φ alternator was tested on open circuit and short circuit. The details of which are as follows. A ﬁeld current of 2.5a produced a short circuit current of 100A. With open circuit, the same ﬁeld current generated an e.m.f of 500V. The eﬀective resistance of the armature is 0.8 ohm. Calculate the regulation at full load current of 100A. i. At a power factor of 0.65 leading ii. At a power factor of 0.65 leading. (b) Write the condition for Maximum Torque under Running conditions and derive it. [8+8] 5. (a) With suitable sketches, explain the concept of Fermi-level in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors. (b) In a p-type semiconductor, the Fermi-level is 0.3 eV above the valence band at a room temperature of 3000 K. Determine the new position of the Fermi-level for temperatures of i. 3500 K and ii. 4000 K. [8+8] [8+8]

6. (a) How will you determine voltage & current ampliﬁcations, input & output resistances from the characteristics of CB conﬁguration? (b) Derive the expression for collector current (IC ) in CE conﬁguration in terms of collector emitter leakage current (ICE0 ) and the base current (IB ). [10+6] 7. (a) Describe how analog signals are converted to digital signals using voltage to time conversion method. 1 of 2

Code No: RR212402

Set No. 2

(b) An analog voltage signal whose highest signiﬁcant frequency is 500Hz is to be coded with a resolution of 0.1% approximately covering a range of 0 to 10V. Determine the number of bits in the digital code, analog value of LSB, r.m.s value of quantization error. [8+8] 8. (a) Describe various types of electric Arc welding processes. Explain why very frequencies should not be used for dielectric heating. (b) The power required for dielectric heating of a slab of resin of 150sq.cm in area and 2cm thick is 200W at a frequency of 30MHz. The material has relative permittivity of 5 and a power factor of 0.05. Determine the voltage necessary and current ﬂowing through the material. If the voltage is limited to 600V, what will be the value of the frequency to obtain the same heating? [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR212402

Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is KCL and KVL? Explain it clearly. (b) For the circuit shown in the ﬁgure 1 determine the current through 6 ohms resistor and the power supplied by the current source. [8+8]

Figure 1: 2. (a) Explain clearly about the various power stages in a D.C. motor. (b) How the d.c. generators are classiﬁed. Explain it with neat circuit diagrams. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the principle of working of 1-φ transformer on no-load conditions. Also explain the nature of no-load current. (b) Explain how the equivalent circuit parameters can be obtained from open circuit and short circuit tests. [8+8] 4. (a) Explain clearly about open-circuit and short-circuit tests in Alternator. (b) Draw the slip-Torque characteristics of an Induction Motor. Explain it clearly. [8+8] 5. (a) Describe the diﬀerence between n-type and p-type semiconductor materials. (b) Explain the diﬀerence between minority and majority carriers in an extrinsic semiconductor material. (c) The mobility of electrons and holes in a sample of intrinsic germanium at room temperature are 0.36m2 /volt-sec and 0.17 m2 /volt-sec, respectively. If the electron and hole densities are equal to 2.5 × 1019 /m3 , calculate the conductivity of the material. [4+6+6]

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Code No: RR212402

Set No. 3

6. (a) Deﬁne the symbols α, β with reference to the BJT conﬁgurations. Show that how they are related to each other? (b) What value of RB in the ﬁxed bias circuit will just cause the silicon transistor to be saturated, assuming β = 100 and VCE(sat) = 0.3V? [10+6] 7. (a) Draw the circuit diagram for R-C phase shift oscillator and identify the important blocks of an oscillator from the circuit. What type of positive feedback is incorporated in the circuit? Give the expression for frequency of oscillations. (b) Derive the feedback factor for the circuit mentioned above. [10+6]

8. (a) Describe various types of electric Arc welding processes. Explain why very frequencies should not be used for dielectric heating. (b) The power required for dielectric heating of a slab of resin of 150sq.cm in area and 2cm thick is 200W at a frequency of 30MHz. The material has relative permittivity of 5 and a power factor of 0.05. Determine the voltage necessary and current ﬂowing through the material. If the voltage is limited to 600V, what will be the value of the frequency to obtain the same heating? [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR212402

Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (Automobile Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) How the Network elements can be classiﬁed. Explain it clearly. (b) In the network shown in ﬁgure 1, ﬁnd all branch currents and voltage drops across all resistors. [8+8]

Figure 1: 2. (a) Explain the constructional features of a D.C machine with the help of a neat sketch. (b) A 200V d.c. series motor runs at 750 rpm when taking a current of 30A. The resistance of the Armature is 0.5Ω and of that ﬁeld is 0.3Ω. If the current remains constant, calculate the Resistance Necessary to reduce the speed to 250rpm. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain about the working principle of transformer. (b) Clearly explain about core type Transformer and shell-type transformer. What are the main diﬀerences between them? [8+8] 4. (a) Explain clearly about open-circuit and short-circuit tests in Alternator. (b) Draw the slip-Torque characteristics of an Induction Motor. Explain it clearly. [8+8] 5. (a) What are the applications of the semiconductor diode? Explain each one with suitable circuit diagram. (b) A silicon diode operates at forward voltage of 0.4V. Calculate the factor by which the current will be multiplied when the temperature is increased from 250 C to 1500C. [6+10]

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Code No: RR212402

Set No. 4

6. (a) Explain the reasons for keeping the operating point of a transistor ampliﬁer at a ﬁxed place in the transistor characteristics. (b) For a ﬁxed bias circuit using n − p − n silicon transistor, the following parameters are given: VCC = 12V, RB = 240kΩ, RC = 2.2kΩ. Determine the co-ordinates of the quiescent point. Assume β = 50. [10+6] 7. What are the techniques that are commonly used in the conversion of analog signal to digital one? Explain operation of any two of them with suitable block diagrams. [16] 8. (a) Discuss about the electrostatic focusing of a Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO). (b) Explain the operation of a Time Base Generator of CRO with suitable circuit diagram. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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