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Extra notes on circular motion, concerning the conical pendulum and a mass moving in a vertical circle.Solution of problems is by resolution of forces vertically and horizontally to form simultaneous equations.

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Kinetics : Circular Motion

Conical pendulum

**Problems concerning the conical pendulum assume no air resistance and that the string
**

has no mass and cannot be stretched.

**Solution of problems involves resolving forces on the mass vertically and horizontally. In
**

this way the speed of the mass, the tension in the string and the period of revolution can

be ascertained.

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**

Kinetics Mechanics topic notes

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Kinetics Mechanics topic notes

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Example

**A 20g mass moves as a conical pendulum with string length 8x and speed v.
**

if the radius of the circular motion is 5x find:

i) the string tension(assume g =10 ms-2 , ans. to 2 d.p.)

ii) v in terms of x, g

i)

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Kinetics Mechanics topic notes

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ii)

Mass performing vertical circular motion under gravity

**Consider a mass m performing circular motion under gravity, the circle with radius r.
**

The centripetal force on the mass varies at different positions on the circle.

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Kinetics Mechanics topic notes

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**For many problems concerning vertical circular motion, energy considerations(KE & PE) of
**

particles at different positions are used to form a solution.

Example #1

**A 50g mass suspended at the end of a light inextensible string performs vertical motion of
**

radius 2m.

if the mass has a speed of 5 ms-1 when the string makes an angle of 30o with the vertical,

what is the tension?

(assume g =10 ms-2 , answer to 1 d.p.)

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Kinetics Mechanics topic notes

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Example #2

**A 5kg mass performs circular motion at the end of a light inextensible string of length 3m.
**

If the speed of the mass is 2 ms-1 when the string is horizontal, what is its speed at the

bottom of the circle?

(assume g =10 ms-2)

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