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LEG 500 Week 11 Final Exam 1

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Final Exam Part 1 Question 1 Which of the following statements best illustrates the view of utilitarianism? I. From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs. II. The risk reasonably to be perceived defines the duty to be obeyed and risks imports relation; it is risk to another or to others within the range of apprehension. III. An action is right when maximizing welfare and total well-being. IV. Individuals should pursue his or her own self-interest, even at the expense of others. Answer Question 2 The best example of a source for virtue ethics for a business is Answer Question 3 According to Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, which of the following is not a reason to allow corporations the right to spend money and advertise for political candidates? Answer Question 4 Which of the following views on outsourcing would be consistent with the free market ethics approach advocated by Milton Friedman? Answer Question 5 Corporate director or officer decisions to dedicate corporate funds for social causes is called: Answer Question 6 Under the legal doctrine of employment at will an employee can be lawfully terminated from her job for: I. wearing a shirt that clashes with her suit II. any non-discriminatory reason III. complaining about illegal activity in the workplace IV. only for good cause Answer Question 7 In the essay, Work Matters, by law professor Marion Crain, all of the following are the result of working except: Answer Question 8 Exceptions to the rule of employment-at-will include which of the following? I. organization of unions II. passage of Sarbanes Oxley Act III. raising of public policy issues IV. promise of implied-contract or covenant-of-good-faith Answer Question 9 The Constitution does not always protect free-speech rights for what public employees say on the job. Which of the following is true? Answer Question 10 To determine whether a public employee receives First Amendment protection from speech (and therefore cannot be fired for it), the Supreme Court has stated that all of the following are important except: Answer Question 11 As Facebook and other social media sites grow in users and popularity Answer Question 12 One reason employers use to justify giving honesty or integrity tests is: Answer Question 13 The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA): Answer Question 14 In considering the legality of employer interception of employee e-mails at work, pick the correct statement. I. Employees have complete expectation of privacy since they can select their password for in-house and remote access of e-mails. II. A subpoena is required by the employer to read any e-mail that is clearly marked confidential by the employee.

III. No expectation of privacy exists over an employer-owned computer system at work. IV. Statement by the employer that e-mails are confidential and privileged cannot be later used by an employer to defeat an employees claim of privacy Answer Question 15 A majority of states have enacted "lifestyle rights laws" that protect workers' off-duty activities including cases of smoking, cohabitation, drinking. and single parenthood. What is the least effective argument by an employer to regulate off-the-clock activities in a state that has not enacted such lifestyle rights legislation? Answer Question 16 Equal protection is the constitutional guarantee: Answer Question 17 John Smith was assaulted on the loading dock by a coworker, Jim Jones, at the Acme Widget Company. The attack was unprovoked by Smith. After the physical assault, there was an angry verbal exchange between the parties. The incident ended when Jones yelled that Smith was a sissy and everybody knows you're queer as a three dollar bill." Which of the following statements best describes the outcome of the harassment lawsuit filed by Smith under The Civil Right Act of 1964? I. Sex discrimination is prohibited by federal law (The Civil Right Act of 1964). II. Sexual orientation discrimination is prohibited by federal law (The Civil Right Act of 1964). III. Suits based on harassment due to sexual orientation cannot prevail when based on local or state laws. IV. Sexual orientation discrimination is not prohibited by federal law (Title VII). Answer Question 18 All of the following are true statements regarding the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA, 29 U.S.C. 2601, et seq.), EXCEPT which of the following? Answer Question 19 To establish a prima facie case of religious discrimination, the employee has to show all of the following except which one: Answer Question 20 A mayor serving in a major metropolitan area receives an internal memorandum indicating personnel at many police stations are single-race. At the time of the report, thirty percent of the police force was black or Hispanic. She immediately calls a press conference and orders transfer of police officers to achieve racial balance across the city. The transferred police offers sue on constitutional grounds. Assuming just these facts, what is the strongest argument that might be advanced by the transferred officers based on constitutional grounds? Answer Question 21 Typically individual stockholders are not held responsible for the actions of a corporation. Exceptions usually relate to comingling of funds, underinsuring, or similar actions by the corporate leadership. This is called: Answer Question 22 Employers have __________ been held criminally responsible for workplace injuries and deaths to workers. Answer Question 23 0 out of 4 points When an employee is injured on the job, that employee may: I. File a workers compensation claim and accept the government -determined value for the injury. II. File a tort claim in state court to recover damages above the workers compensation amount. III. File a complaint with OSHA to have the employer investigated and charged if violations are present. Answer Question 24 Which of the following is true about workers compensation in America? Answer Question 25 One example of modern day slavery, as discussed in the interview with Kevin Bales, is: Answer