Code No: RR310404

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Broadly classify the integrated circuits for a wide range of applications. (b) What is a practical op-amp? Draw its equivalent circuit. (c) In an op-amp, V2 = 0 (inverting terminal input). What is the voltage at V1 (non-inverting terminal input) for an output of 5V if AOL = 50000. [6+6+4] 2. In some measurements it is necessary to sense current from a transducer and convert it into voltage. For a three op-amp realization of a current input instrumentation amplifier, derive the expression for Vo. [16] 3. Draw a circuit diagram of a series voltage regulator using op-amp. Explain its regulation action. Also obtain an expression for its output voltage. [16] 4. (a) For the all-pass filter, determine the phase shift φ between the input and output at f = 2KHz. To obtain a positive phase shift φ, what modifications are necessary in the circuit? (b) What is pass band and stop band for a filter? How are filters classified? [8+8] 5. (a) List the conditions for oscillation in all the three types of oscillators, namely, RC phase shift, wien- bridge and quadrature oscillators. (b) Explain the difference between a signal generator and a function generator. (c) Justify the name for quadrature oscillator. (b) Describe the operation of a FSK generator using 555 timer. (c) Is the time operated in same mode for above two applications? [8+6+2] 7. (a) Describe how a PLL IC can be used for implementing Amplitude and frequency demodulations. (b) Define the terms ‘Accuracy’ ‘Linearity’ and ’Temperature sensitivity of a Digital to Analog converter. [10+6] 8. (a) Explain the operation of a successive Approximation type Analog to Digital converter. (b) Calculate the no. of bits required to represent a full scale voltage of 10 volts with a resolution of 5m volts approximately. [10+6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 [8+8+4] 6. (a) Describe how missing pulses can be detected with the help of a 555 timer.

Code No: RR310404

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Broadly classify the integrated circuits for a wide range of applications. (b) What is a practical op-amp? Draw its equivalent circuit. (c) In an op-amp, V2 = 0 (inverting terminal input). What is the voltage at V1 (non-inverting terminal input) for an output of 5V if AOL = 50000. [6+6+4] 2. (a) Draw a neat circuit diagram of an a.c inverting amplifier. What are the major advantages and disadvantages of a single-supply a.c amplifier. (b) In an AC inverting amplifier circuit Rin=50Ω, Ci = 0.1µf, R1 = 100KΩ. Rf = 1KΩ,R2 = 10KΩ and Vcc = ±15V. determine the band width of the amplifier. [8+8] 3. (a) Draw the circuit diagram and sketch the input, output waveforms of an astable multivibrator using op-amp. (b) Derive the expressions for T1 and T2 of an astable multivibrator. 4. (a) Design the band pass filter with fc = 1KHz, Q=3 and AF =10. (b) Draw the frequency response and also change the center frequency to 1.5 KHz keeping AF and band-width constant. [8+8] 5. Write short notes on: (a) Asymmetric square wave generator. (b) Monostable multivibrator. [8+8] [8+8]

6. (a) Describe any two applications of 555 timer in astable multivibrator mode with suitable circuit diagrams. (b) Explain the function of RESET pin in 555 timer IC. [12+4]

7. (a) Describe how a PLL IC can be used for implementing Amplitude and frequency demodulations. (b) Define the terms ‘Accuracy’ ‘Linearity’ and ’Temperature sensitivity of a Digital to Analog converter. [10+6] 8. (a) What are the basic blocks preceding an Analog to Digital converter in a typical application like digital audio recording? (b) Explain the functioning of a sample & hold circuit. 1 of 2

Code No: RR310404

Set No. 2
[6+6+4] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(c) Suggest improvement in basic sample & hold circuit.

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Code No: RR310404

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Define slew rate? What causes the slew rate? (b) How is slew rate measured? Explain. (c) Explain the term thermal drift. [6+6+4]

2. (a) Draw a neat circuit diagram of an a.c inverting amplifier. What are the major advantages and disadvantages of a single-supply a.c amplifier. (b) In an AC inverting amplifier circuit Rin=50Ω, Ci = 0.1µf, R1 = 100KΩ. Rf = 1KΩ,R2 = 10KΩ and Vcc = ±15V. determine the band width of the amplifier. [8+8] 3. (a) Draw a neat circuit diagram of an integrator circuit. Explain its functioning with the input-output wave forms. (b) Derive the output voltage V0 of an integrator circuit. 4. (a) Design a second order low pass filter for a cutoff frequency of KHz. (b) Draw the frequency response of the network in the above filter. [8+8] [8+8]

5. (a) With necessary external components to a VCO IC NE556, Explain the generation of a triangular wave. (b) Determine the component values for a control voltage Vc =9 volts and a frequency of oscillation=10KHz. Make necessary assumptions. [10+6] 6. (a) Describe any two applications of 555 timer in astable multivibrator mode with suitable circuit diagrams. (b) Explain the function of RESET pin in 555 timer IC. [12+4]

7. (a) Explain the operation of a multiplying DAC and mention its applications. (b) A 12-bit D to A converter has a full-scale range of 15 volts. Its maximum differential linearity error is ± 1/2 LSB. i. What is the percentage resolution? ii. What are the minimum and maximum possible values of the increment in its output voltage? [8+8] 8. (a) Define the terms ‘Aperture time’ and ‘Droop rate’ of a Sample & Hold circuit. (b) With a neat circuit diagram explain the operation of an OP-AMP based Sample & Hold circuit. 1 of 2

Code No: RR310404

Set No. 3
[4+8+4] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(c) Indicate one monolithic Sample & Hold IC of any manufacturer.

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Code No: RR310404

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Broadly classify the integrated circuits for a wide range of applications. (b) What is a practical op-amp? Draw its equivalent circuit. (c) In an op-amp, V2 = 0 (inverting terminal input). What is the voltage at V1 (non-inverting terminal input) for an output of 5V if AOL = 50000. [6+6+4] 2. (a) Can we use a diode in the design of a logarithmic amplifier Expalin? (b) Draw the Aransdiode configuration used as a logarithmic amplifier and explain its function. [6+10] 3. (a) In a Schmitt trigger circuit with upper threshold level VUT = oV and hystersis width VH = 0.2V converts 1KHz sine wave of amplitude 4Vpp to a square wave. Calculate the time duration of the negative and positive portion of the output waveform. (b) What is the function of voltage regulator? Give important parts of a series regulated power supply using discrete components. [8+8] 4. (a) Design a first order wide band-reject filter with a higher cutoff frequency of 100Hz and a lower cutoff frequency of 1KHz. Calculate the Q of the filter. (b) Draw a band- pass filter circuit with its frequency response curve. Explain its working. [8+8] 5. (a) Design a triangular wave generator using a comparator block and an integrator block to oscillate at 4KHz and Vo (P-P)=7 Volts use an op-amp with ±15 volt power supplies. Make necessary assumptions. (b) What is the purpose of back-to -back set of two zenerdiodes? (c) What is the main advantage of comparator based triangular wave generator over free running astable multivibrator based circuit? [8+4+4] 6. (a) Draw the dc voltage versus phase difference characteristic of balanced modulator phase detector of a PLL indicating all important regions. (b) Draw the dc out put voltage of VCO versus frequency characteristic of a PLL indicating the capture and lock range clearly. (c) State the relationship between lock range and capture range through a mathematical expression. [6+6+4]

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Code No: RR310404

Set No. 4

7. (a) Explain the basic technique utilized in Digital to Analog conversion using suitable mathematical expressions. (b) In an inverted R-2R ladder type Digital to Analog Converter R= 10kΩ VREF = + 20 volts. Find the current in each 20 kΩ resister and the maximum current passing into the feedback resistor of the op-amp. [8+8] 8. (a) Classify commonly available Analog to digital converters. (b) Describe the operation of successive approximation type Analog to Digital converter. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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