Code No: RR311001

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LINEAR AND DIGITAL IC APPLICATION ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Mechatronics and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is an OP-AMP? Why it is called so? [4]

(b) Explain the parameters that should be considered for ac and dc applications of an OP-AMP [5] (c) Draw and explain the three open loop OP-AMP configurations with neat circuit diagram [7] 2. (a) Classify the types of OP-AMP based multipliers. How a multiplier can be used to [8] i. double the incoming frequency ii. detect the phase angle of a signal (b) Design a subtractor in non inverting configuration [8]

3. (a) What feedback is preferred for oscillators and why? What is the effect of negative feedback? [8] (b) Design an OP-AMP based relaxation oscillator and derive the frequency of oscillation. [8] 4. Explain the use of 555 timer as free running ramp generator and draw the output waveforms. [16] 5. What is the phase-Locked loop? Briefly explain the roles of Low-pass filter and VCO in PLL. [16] 6. (a) Explain the design procedure (with suitable circuit diagram of a fourth order Butterworth low-pass filter). [10] (b) A certain narrow band-pass filter has been designed to meet the following specifications: fC =2kHz. Q=20, and Ap =10. What modifications are necessary in the filter circuit to change the center frequency ‘fc ’ to 1kHz, keeping the gain and band-width constant? [6] 7. (a) What is meant by AOI Logic. Explain with the help of example. [6]

(b) Draw the circuit of an improved version of D.T.L. 3-input Nand gate, and explain its operations with the help of Truth Table If hF E of each transistor is 40, find FAN-OUT of the circuit. [10] 8. (a) Define the following terms as related to DAC 1 of 2 [4]

Code No: RR311001 i. Accuracy ii. Resolution. (b) Define the following terms as related to ADC i. Conversion time ii. Percentage resolution.

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(c) Which type of DAC is more preferable? Draw the circuit diagram and obtain expression for output voltage for 4 bits. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311001

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LINEAR AND DIGITAL IC APPLICATION ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Mechatronics and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Define the terms : SVRR,CMRR, input bias current, input offset voltage,Gain Bandwidth product [10] (b) What are the differences between the inverting and non inverting terminals? What do you mean by the term ‘’virtual ground‘’ ? [6] 2. (a) What is a clipper? With circuit diagram, explain the operation of positive and negative clippers [10] (b) Describe the principle of operation of a precision half wave rectifier with wave forms [6] 3. (a) What feedback is preferred for oscillators and why? What is the effect of negative feedback? [8] (b) Design an OP-AMP based relaxation oscillator and derive the frequency of oscillation. [8] 4. Explain the functions of each of pins in 555 timer. List the important features of 555 timer. [16] 5. (a) Explain the following in detail: i. Phase comparator ii. VCO. (b) What is the role of LPF in PLL? (c) Give any two applications of PLL and explain in detail. [4] [6] [6]

6. (a) Explain the term ”VSVS configuration”. Design a VCVS low-pass Butterworth second order filter with a cutoff frequency of 4 kHz. Assume necessary data in the design process. [10] (b) Design a second order IGMF band-pass filter with the following specifications : fo =500 Hz; Gain at resonance=-5 and band-width=50Hz. Use the circuit shown below(figure 1). Assume necessary data [6]

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Code No: RR311001

Set No. 2

Figure 1: 7. (a) When do we prefer H.T.L. (High-Threshold Logic) gate? And explain why ? (b) Draw the Integrated circuit of H.T.L. 3-input NAND gate, and explain its operation with the help of Truth Table. [10] (c) Find out the average power dissipation of the gate. [2]

8. (a) Draw the circuit of a Weighted Resistor DAC and obtain expression for n-bits. [8] (b) Sketch the Analog output voltage for the given digital input code. (c) What are the major disadvantages in this type? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [4] [4]

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Code No: RR311001

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LINEAR AND DIGITAL IC APPLICATION ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Mechatronics and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Discuss the electrical characteristics of an OP-AMP in detail. (b) Draw an ideal voltage transfer curve of an OP-AMP. (c) What are the features of IC 741? [10] [3] [3]

2. (a) What is a clipper? With circuit diagram, explain the operation of positive and negative clippers [10] (b) Describe the principle of operation of a precision half wave rectifier with wave forms [6] 3. (a) What feedback is preferred for oscillators and why? What is the effect of negative feedback? [8] (b) Design an OP-AMP based relaxation oscillator and derive the frequency of oscillation. [8] 4. Discuss, with relevant circuits and waveforms, the working of Monostable multivibrator using 555 timer. [16] 5. (a) Draw the circuit diagram IC 1496 balanced modulator circuit and explain its operations. Sketch the output waveform for the square wave inputs with a phase difference Φ . [8] (b) Draw the circuit of PLL as frequency multiplier and explain its working. [8] 6. (a) Explain the operation of a delay equalizer circuit with neat sketches. Derive an expression relating input and output voltages of the equalizer. [8+2] (b) For the all pass filter, determine the phase shift between input and output at f=2 kHz. To obtain a positive phase shift. What modifications are necessary in the circuit? [6] 7. (a) What is meant by AOI Logic. Explain with the help of example. [6]

(b) Draw the circuit of an improved version of D.T.L. 3-input Nand gate, and explain its operations with the help of Truth Table If hF E of each transistor is 40, find FAN-OUT of the circuit. [10] 8. (a) Explain the operation of the fastest analog to digital converter. What is the main draw back of this converter? Compare this converter with other types. [8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR311001

Set No. 3
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(b) Draw the circuit diagram sample and hold circuit and explain its working. [8]

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Code No: RR311001

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LINEAR AND DIGITAL IC APPLICATION ( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Mechatronics and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) List out the ideal characteristics of an OP-AMP. [3]

(b) With neat block diagram explain the function of various building blocks of an OP-AMP. [10] (c) Draw the equivalent circuit of an OP-AMP. [3]

2. (a) Derive the expression of the output voltage of an antilog amplifier using OPAMP. [10] (b) What is a summer? Design a summer to add 4 input voltages in inverting configuration. [6] 3. (a) What feedback is preferred for oscillators and why? What is the effect of negative feedback? [8] (b) Design an OP-AMP based relaxation oscillator and derive the frequency of oscillation. [8] 4. (a) Explain the operation of Monostable multivibrator using 555 timer. Derive the expression of time delay of a Monostable multivibrator using 555 timer. [10] (b) Design a Monostable multivibrator using 555 timer to produce a pulse width of 100 m sec. [6] 5. (a) Which circuit is more preferable as an analog phase detector. Draw the circuit and explain its working. Derive expression for output voltage, if both the input signals are square waves with a phase difference of ’Φ’. [8] (b) Draw the internal circuit diagram and pin diagram (DIP) of 566 VCO. Explain its operation and derive expression for output frequency fo . [8] 6. (a) Explain the term ”VSVS configuration”. Design a VCVS low-pass Butterworth second order filter with a cutoff frequency of 4 kHz. Assume necessary data in the design process. [10] (b) Design a second order IGMF band-pass filter with the following specifications : fo =500 Hz; Gain at resonance=-5 and band-width=50Hz. Use the circuit shown below(figure 1). Assume necessary data [6]

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Code No: RR311001

Set No. 4

Figure 1: 7. (a) Define i. Positive logic ii. Negative logic iii. Pulse logic. (b) What is meant by AOI logic. Explain with help of an example. [4] (c) In the given circuit (figure 2) silicon transistor is used. Find the out-put levels for the given input levels of 0.2V and 12V, obtained from a preceding stage. Assume hF E =30. [6] [6]

Figure 2: 8. (a) Define the following terms with reference to D/A converters. i. Resolution ii. Linearity (b) Draw a schematic diagram of a D/A converter. Use resistance values whose ratios are multiples of 2. Explain the operation of the converter. [6] (c) Draw the block diagram of a converting A/D converter and explain its operation. Sketch the output waveform. [6] 2 of 3 [4]

Code No: RR311001 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 4

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