Code No: RR311003

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) How will you measure the length mechanically? Explain it. (b) How the electronic measurement is done in an industry. Explain the same . (c) Describe the use of electromagnetic and accoustic radiation for measuring the length in an industry. [5+5+6] 2. Explain the basic principle of (a) strain gauge Accelerometers (b) piezo electric Accelerometers 3. (a) How will you measure rotational speed by using electric tachometer? (b) Give its classification. (c) Explain the basic principle behind the same. [6+5+5] [8+8]

4. Explain the measurement of torque using gyroscopic transducer. Derive its transfer function. [16] 5. Describe with the help of suitable circuit diagrams, how the following types of Measurements are carried out using a digital frequency meter (a) Single and multiple period measurements (b) Time interval measurements (c) Multiple period measurements [5+5+6]

6. What is a strain gauge? Explain the strain gauge load cell method of measuring density. [16] 7. (a) List some devices for measuring viscosity in laboratory and industry. Explain any one of them. (b) Explain velocity gradient for viscosity liquids by way of a velocity profile curve [8+8] 8. (a) Explain specific humidity, DBT, WBT. (b) Explain about Galvanometric Hygrometer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR311003

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Mention different Electrical and Electronic comparators and explain the same in detail. [16] 2. Discuss briefly about the principle and specifications of the different practical Accelerometers. [16] 3. How will you measure speed? Discuss briefly the different methods to measure speed. [16] 4. With the help of neat sketches and mathematical expressions explain the operation of strain gauge torque transduces in detail. [16] 5. (a) What are the advantages of Piezoelectric pickups for vibrations measurements? What are the materials exhibiting this effect? (b) Draw the circuit for charge generator model of the Accelerometer with cable and derive the expression for the transfer function . [8+8] 6. What is vibrating cylinder sensor? Explain briefly about vibrating twin tube sensor and give its applications. [16] 7. (a) Explain briefly about viscosity relationships. (b) What is kinematics viscosity. (c) Explain the reasons for consistency measurement. 8. (a) Explain specific humidity, DBT, WBT. (b) Explain about Galvanometric Hygrometer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [5+5+6]

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Code No: RR311003

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the possible sources of errors in electronic comparator. (b) Write a brief note on Electronic comparator (c) Mention the characteristics of pneumatic comparators 2. Explain the basic principle of (a) strain gauge Accelerometers (b) piezo electric Accelerometers 3. Describe in detail about (a) Magnetic Drag type Tachometer (b) Gyroscopes [8+8] [8+8] [5+5+6]

4. A force of 4000kgf is applied on a square-column type load cell. It is bonded with four strain gauges of 120 ohms each. The strain gauges are mounted on all the four sides of the column along the direction of the force. They are all connected in series to get the average strain and they form one arm of the wheat stone bridge. Given E = 2x104 kgf/cm2 gauge factor G.F=2.0.Cross section of Block 25mm X 25mm. Supply voltage to the bridge circuit = 6volts. What should be the value of the resistance in the standard arm of the bridge if the load cells into respond from thousand kHz for calibration [16]. 5. (a) Explain the basic principle of frequency measurement using digital frequency counters. (b) What are the applications of frequency counters? 6. (a) Explain with a neat diagram the radiation type of measuring density. (b) Explain briefly about specific gravity scales generally used in the petroleum industries. [8+8] 7. Explain the different methods of measuring consistency along with their usage. [16] 8. (a) What are the various electrical Hygrometers. (b) Explain about Resistive Hygrometer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [9+7]

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Code No: RR311003

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the concept of automatic gauging system for measuring the length in an industry. (b) Which method is best suitable for long length Measurement? Describe its construction and working principle in detail. [8+8] 2. Explain the basic principle of (a) strain gauge Accelerometers (b) piezo electric Accelerometers [8+8]

3. (a) A variable reluctance type tachometer has 60 rotor teeth. The counter records 3600 counts per second. Determine the speed in rpm. (b) An Inductive pick up operating from a 60 tooth wheel is used with a digital frequency meter to determine the speed of rotation of a shaft on which the wheel is mounted the gating period is set to 104 µs and a reading of 0.024 is obtained on 4 digital display. What shaft speed does this represent in r.p.s ? if the available gating periods are 102 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 107 and10µs respectively, which would be the optimum setting of gating period for making this measurement. (c) While measuring speed of a steam turbine with Stroboscope single line images were observed for Stroboscope setting of 3000, 4000 and 5230 rpm. Calculate the speed of the turbine. [5+6+5] 4. Compare the following torque measuring instruments (a) absorption type (b) Transmission type (c) Stress type (d) Deflection type 5. (a) Distinguish between the terms vibration and shock (b) Using working of bonded strain gauge accelerometer. 6. (a) Explain with a neat diagram the radiation type of measuring density. (b) Explain briefly about specific gravity scales generally used in the petroleum industries. [8+8] [8+8] [4X4=16]

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Code No: RR311003

Set No. 4

7. What are the industrial needs which make viscosity determination desirable? Classify the viscosity measuring instruments according to their principle of operation. [16] 8. (a) Explain specific humidity, DBT, WBT. (b) Explain about Galvanometric Hygrometer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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