Code No: RR311103

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC CLINICAL SCIENCES-II (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is blood pathology and how is it investigated. [8]

(b) What is reduction? Discuss the differences between open and closed Reductions. [8] 2. (a) Describe the Pre-anesthetic preparation of patients. (b) Explain the Post operative respiratory care after general anesthesia. [8] [8]

3. (a) Explain about different illumination setups inside the operation theatre? [10] (b) Write short notes on artificial respiration? [6]

4. (a) classify the Tumors based on radiosensitivity with atleast two examples for each type ? [8] (b) Explain the effect of oxygen on radiosensitivity of the tumor cell ? 5. Explain radiation carcigenisis and lenkaemogenisis ? 6. (a) Describe the protective measure taken agaist radiation ? [8] [16] [10]

(b) What are the units of measuring radiaton what are the permissible limits ?[6] 7. Explain in details about Gamma camera and its diagonistic usage? [16]

8. (a) Describe briefly the determination of distribution of radioactive material within the body? [8] (b) Write a note on Malignantural plpural effision and ascites? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8]

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Code No: RR311103

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC CLINICAL SCIENCES-II (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) In what way blood groups are classified and explain its significance. [8]

(b) Explain the concept of blood bank and its importance in a general hospital. [8] 2. (a) Explain the techniques used to monitor the respiration and temperature of a Patient undergoing surgery. [8] (b) What are the precautions to be observed while handling anesthetic gases? [8] 3. (a) Explain about different illumination setups inside the operation theatre? [10] (b) Write short notes on artificial respiration? 4. Discuss the principle of Radiation Oncology and Cancer Radiotherapy ? [6] [16]

5. (a) what are the types of modifiers used in regulating the radiation response.Explain The methods used to design these modifiers in clinical practise? [8] (b) Write a note on LD-50. 6. (a) Describe the protective measure taken agaist radiation ? [8] [10]

(b) What are the units of measuring radiaton what are the permissible limits ?[6] 7. (a) Explain about the imaging procedures of the thyroid and the cardiovascular system? [10] (b) What are the difficulties encountered bin diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic diseases? [6] 8. (a) Explain in detail about metastatic bone diseases? (b) Write a note on Gastrointestinal function? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8] [8]

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Code No: RR311103

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC CLINICAL SCIENCES-II (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Describe in detail about blood transfusion. (b) Discuss about the tests performed before blood transfusion. 2. (a) What are the different types of anesthesia administered to the patients? (b) Describe the properties of anesthesia gases. 3. (a) Give general principles of measuring the blood flow non invasively? (b) Give design for an operation theatre for neuro surgical procedures? [8] [8] [8] [8] [8] [8]

4. (a) classify the Tumors based on radiosensitivity with atleast two examples for each type ? [8] (b) Explain the effect of oxygen on radiosensitivity of the tumor cell ? 5. (a) Discuss biological effects of radiation in detail. (b) Write short notes on : i. cataract ii. Leukaemogenesis. 6. Describe in detail the various methods involved in Radiation dosimetry. 7. (a) Discuss nuclear Medical imagine of Skeletal system? [16] [8] [8] [6] [5x2=10]

(b) What are the labeled pharmaceuticals used for brain scanning. what are the clinical situations where nuclear medine has an edge in diagonsis? [8] 8. (a) What are the therapeutic of radio isotopes? Explain. (b) Write a note on Metastatic bone diseases? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8] [8]

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Code No: RR311103

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 BASIC CLINICAL SCIENCES-II (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Discuss the types of joints present in the human body. [8]

(b) What is meant by blood transfusion? Explain the safety precautions to be taken during transfusion. [8] 2. (a) What are the different types of anesthesia administered to the patients? (b) Describe the properties of anesthesia gases. [8] [8]

3. (a) Discuss the recent trends of invasive and non invasive patient monitoring systems? [8] (b) Write a note on plethysmography? 4. Discuss the principle of Radiation Oncology and Cancer Radiotherapy ? [8] [16]

5. (a) Explain the biological effects of radiation on the ovaries and its harmfulness. [8] (b) Explain the term Biomedical Modifiers ? 6. (a) Describe the protective measure taken agaist radiation ? [8] [10]

(b) What are the units of measuring radiaton what are the permissible limits ?[6] 7. Write short notes on imaging procedures of: (a) Kidney (b) Throid (c) Skeletal system. 8. (a) what is Radioimmunoassay and what are its applications in Medical field? [8] (b) Explain about the distribution of radioactive material within the body? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8] [16]

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