# Code No: RR311304

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROCESS CONTROL (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the diﬀerent process control variables. (b) Explain the diﬀerent types of process control conﬁgurations. [8+8]

2. (a) A PD controller has the following relationship for the proportional action only Deviation = - 10 cm to + 10 cm Manipulated variable (m) = 0 to 1 volt. When the deviation changes at the rate of 6 cm/min, a voltage o/p of 0.025 v is added by the derivative action. If the deviation is sinusoidal with a frequency of 0.1 rad/sec. What is the phase of the manipulated variable? (b) Explain the characteristics of a two-position controller. What is the need for a diﬀerential gap in such controller ? [8+8] 3. Write a shot notes on (a) A D 590 (b) Bolo meter (c) Pirani gauge (d) Thermistor [4+4+4+4]

4. (a) Compare displacement and force balance type of pneumatic controllers. (b) Explain the principle of operation of electrical proportional controller. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain the concept of cascade control with an example. (b) Feed forward control can be used alone in a process or not? Justify. [8+8]

6. (a) Discuss how the ﬂame temperature in the combustion depends up on air ﬂow and fuel ﬂow and the parameters of air and fuel. (b) Give mathematical explanation. [10+6]

7. Discuss the controlling of reactant ﬂows with suitable examples, when the reactants and products are immiscible. [16] 8. What is inferential control? Explain how it is used in controlling the rate of drying. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311304

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROCESS CONTROL (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. In the following diagram, P1 ,P2 and P3 refer to changes in the pressures upstream, in the tank, and down stream respectively and the ﬂows into and out of the tank are inﬂuenced by the tank pressure,as shown in the below ﬁgure 1

Figure 1: (a) Write the diﬀerential equation for the above system and get the transfer function. (b) What is the order of the above system? How will the order change ifthere are several inlets and outlets? [8+8] 2. (a) Discuss about the selection of controller for various Processes. (b) Discuss about two − position control and single − speed-ﬂoating control. [8+8] 3. Brieﬂy describe about various measuring means used in process control. 4. (a) Compare electronic controller with pneumatic controller. (b) Explain the principle of operation of hydraulic PD controller. 5. (a) Explain about ratio control system. (b) Discuss about tuning of cascade controllers. [8+8] [8+8] [16]

6. Write brieﬂy about boiler steam pressure ,drum level control Systems and super heat steam temperature control. [16] 7. (a) Discuss the stability of exothermic reactors. (b) Write about the stability of endothermic reactors. 8. Explain the relative gain analysis with one example. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [12+4] [16]

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Code No: RR311304

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROCESS CONTROL (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the Process control system elements with the help of block digram. (b) The single capacitance pressure process shown in the ﬁgure1 is supplied with a constant ﬂow of ‘u’ lb/sec. The controlled variable is the vessel pressure ‘c’ psi gauge. The stem position of the outlet valve ‘m’ is the manipulated variable. The outlet valve down stream pressure is less than critical. Derive the process equation. [8+8]

Figure 1: 2. (a) Describe with necessary equations, the concept of single controller mode, which is sluggish in nature. (b) The reset action of an integral controller is 2.8 min. Express the integral controller constant in sec−1 . What is the output of the controller to a constant error of 3.5% [8+8] 3. Explain the diﬀerent types of open- channel ﬂow meters. 4. (a) Brieﬂy explain the working of force type of pneumatic PD controller. (b) Explain the method of realizing an electronic PI controller employing delayed positive feedback. Derive the expression for proportional gain and integral time. [8+8] 5. (a) How would you determine the type of process that would require a cascade control and the type that require feed forward control? (b) What are basic diﬀerences between the cascade and feed forward control. [8+8] 6. The temperature of condensate leaving a condenser is being controlled by manipulating the ﬂow of cooling water. Assume heat transfer coeﬃcient U = KWc Wc → cooling water ﬂow. Derive the variation of heat transfer (Q) with Wc . What are the limitations of this approximation. [16] 1 of 2 [16]

Code No: RR311304

Set No. 3
[16]

7. Discuss the use of feed forward control for steam ﬂow in an evaporator.

8. With suitable diagrams explain the operations involved in nuclear power plant.[16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311304

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROCESS CONTROL (Electronics & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Obtain the expression for the resistance and capacitance for thermal system. (b) Write the characteristics of liquid level system. 2. (a) Discuss about the selection of controller for various Processes. (b) Discuss about two − position control and single − speed-ﬂoating control. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the operation and working of contact type of ﬂow measuring elements. (b) Find the step response of any one of the ﬂow-measuring elements. 4. (a) Brieﬂy explain the working of force type of pneumatic PD controller. (b) Explain the method of realizing an electronic PI controller employing delayed positive feedback. Derive the expression for proportional gain and integral time. [8+8] 5. (a) How would you determine the type of process that would require a cascade control and the type that require feed forward control? (b) What are basic diﬀerences between the cascade and feed forward control. [8+8] 6. (a) Discuss about the super heat steam temperature control. (b) Explain about the direct mixing heat exchange between two ﬂuids with necessary mathematical explanation. [8+8] 7. Discuss the use of feed forward control for steam ﬂow in an evaporator. 8. Explain the relative gain analysis with one example. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16] [16] [8+8] [8+8]

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