# Code No: RR311402

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain the response of RC high pass circuit to a symmetrical square wave input and derive the expression for the % tilt. [16] 2. (a) For the ﬁxed bias Germanium transistor npn type, the junction voltages at saturation cutoﬀ and in active region may be assumed to be zero. This circuit operates properly over the temperature range -50o C to +75o C and it just starts mal functioning at these extremes. The various circuit speciﬁcations are VCC = 4.5 V, VBB = 3.0 V, hf e = 40 at -50o C, hf e = 60 at 75o C, ICBO = 4µA at 25o C and doubles for every 10 o C. Collector current is 10mA. Design the values of RC1 , R1 and R2 . [8] (b) Explain the Operation of Bistable multivibrator and derive the stable state currents and voltage expressions. [8] 3. (a) Deﬁne the following terms. i. ii. iii. iv. Rise time Fall time Turn on time Turnoﬀ time. [8] (b) A Schmitt trigger has the following circuit components R1 = R2 = 20 KΩ,RC1 = RC2 =5KΩ and Re = 2 KΩ. The supply voltage is 15 V. For the npn Si transistors used, hf e =100. Find UTP and LTP. [8] 4. (a) What are self complementing codes and explain them with examples. (b) Mention and explain basic theorems and properties of Boolean algebra? 5. (a) Implement a Full Adder with two 4x1 Multiplexers [8] [8] [8]

(b) Construct a 16x1 Multiplexer with two 8x1 Multiplexers and one 2x1 Multiplexer. [8] 6. Discuss edge-triggering D-FF with truth table and timing diagrams? Explain how a SR-FF is implemented into a D-FF with truth tables? [16] 7. (a) Draw and explain 4-bit left shift and right shift registers with timing diagrams? [8] (b) What is a counter? Give some applications. What is the diﬀerence between synchronous and asynchronous counters? Draw and explain the operation of a 4-bit synchronous counter with its truth table and waveforms? [8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR311402 8. (a) Distinguish between LED and LCD displays.

Set No. 1
[10] [6]

(b) Explain why driver circuits are needed with reference to LED displays. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR311402

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Prove mathematically that voltage across a capacitor cannot become zero instantaneously. [8] (b) What are the applications of a diﬀerentiator and explain the response of typical diﬀerentiator for an input square wave. [8] 2. (a) Explain the Operation of an Astable multivibrator and Derive expressions for period of oscillation. [8] (b) Find the pulse width and period of output of an Astable multivibrator where R1 =R2 =30KΩ, C1 =C2 =0.2 µF and take necessary assumptions. [8] 3. (a) Deﬁne the following terms. i. ii. iii. iv. Rise time Fall time Turn on time Turnoﬀ time. [8] (b) A Schmitt trigger has the following circuit components R1 = R2 = 20 KΩ,RC1 = RC2 =5KΩ and Re = 2 KΩ. The supply voltage is 15 V. For the npn Si transistors used, hf e =100. Find UTP and LTP. [8] 4. (a) What are self complementing codes and explain them with examples. (b) Mention and explain basic theorems and properties of Boolean algebra? 5. (a) Implement a Full Adder with two 4x1 Multiplexers [8] [8] [8]

(b) Construct a 16x1 Multiplexer with two 8x1 Multiplexers and one 2x1 Multiplexer. [8] 6. (a) Write short notes on bounce free circuits? (b) Discuss brieﬂy about crystal controlled clock generators? [8] [8]

7. (a) Explain in detail about the operations involved in an universal shift register with timing diagrams? [8] (b) What is modulus related to counters. Draw and explain the operation of a MOD-8 counter with the help of timing diagrams? [8] 8. (a) Explain brieﬂy the 4 to 10 line decoder. 1 of 2 [8]

Code No: RR311402 (b) Explain the seven-segment decoder driving circuit. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 2
[8]

2 of 2

Code No: RR311402

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Show that for any periodic input waveform average level of the steady state output signal from the RC high pass circuit is always zero. [8] (b) Deﬁne the et (transmission error) in the case of RC high pass circuit and if we apply a Ramp signal Vi=αt for a period of time T what should be the et . [8] 2. (a) Explain the Operation of an Astable multivibrator and Derive expressions for period of oscillation. [8] (b) Find the pulse width and period of output of an Astable multivibrator where R1 =R2 =30KΩ, C1 =C2 =0.2 µF and take necessary assumptions. [8] 3. (a) Explain how transistor will act as a switch and explain the switching characteristics of a transistor. [8] (b) Draw the characteristics of CE conﬁguration and explain how VCE(sat) varies with respect to diﬀerent load resistances. [8] 4. (a) What are self complementing codes and explain them with examples. (b) Mention and explain basic theorems and properties of Boolean algebra? 5. (a) Implement the following function with an 8x1 MUX F(A,B,C,D)=Σ(0,1,3,4,8,9,15) [8] [8] [8]

(b) Implement a Full Adder with NAND gates only. Derive expressions for Sum and Carry from the truth table? [8] 6. (a) Write short notes on bounce free circuits? (b) Discuss brieﬂy about crystal controlled clock generators? [8] [8]

7. (a) Explain in detail about the operations involved in an universal shift register with timing diagrams? [8] (b) What is modulus related to counters. Draw and explain the operation of a MOD-8 counter with the help of timing diagrams? [8] 8. (a) Distinguish between LED and LCD displays. (b) Explain why driver circuits are needed with reference to LED displays. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [10] [6]

1 of 1

Code No: RR311402

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Classify the clippers and analyze the clipping operation with a neat circuit diagram. [8] (b) What is Clamping circuit theorem and prove that Af / AR = Rf / R. [8] 2. (a) Explain the Operation of an Astable multivibrator and Derive expressions for period of oscillation. [8] (b) Find the pulse width and period of output of an Astable multivibrator where R1 =R2 =30KΩ, C1 =C2 =0.2 µF and take necessary assumptions. [8] 3. (a) Explain the hysteresis loss in the Schmitt trigger and how it can be eliminated. [8] (b) Design a sweep circuit Rb1 = Rb2 = 0. The sweep amplitude is to be 12 V. The sweep transition is 2 m sec and sweep speed error is 15%. Specify reasonable values for VBB , Vγγ , R and C. [8] 4. Explain the properties of EX-OR gates and prove the following (a) If A ⊕ B = 0 then A=B. (b) if A ⊕ C = B ⊕ C then A=B (c) A ⊕ B = A′ ⊕ B′ . 5. (a) Implement a Full Subtractor with NAND gates only. Give the expressions for Diﬀerence and Borrow with the help of truth table? [8] (b) Implement the following function with an 8× MUX [8] F(A,B,C,D)=Σ(0,1,3,4,8,9,15) 6. (a) Explain level triggering and edge triggering in detail? [6] (b) Draw circuit diagram, output-timing diagrams of a D-Flip Flop which is implemented with a JK-Flip Flop? [10] 7. (a) Explain in detail about the operations involved in an universal shift register with timing diagrams? [8] (b) What is modulus related to counters. Draw and explain the operation of a MOD-8 counter with the help of timing diagrams? [8] 8. (a) Distinguish between LED and LCD displays. (b) Explain why driver circuits are needed with reference to LED displays. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 [10] [6] [16]