# Code No: RR311403

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Write notes on the following (a) Engineering application of ﬁnite element method (b) Discretization process. [8+8]

2. With a suitable example explain the formulation of ﬁnite element equations by direct approach. Assume suitable data for the example. Use I-D analysis [16] 3. Determine the displacements at nodes and the stresses in elements shown in ﬁgure1: [16]

Figure 1: 4. Derive the element stiﬀness matrix for the 2-noded beam element [16]

5. (a) Show that the value of the shape function N1 of node i and node k of a simplex triangular element is zero and at node 1 is one. (b) The (x, y) coordinates of the nodes i, j and k of a triangular element are (1, 1), (4, 2) and (3, 5) respectively. The shape functions of a point P located inside the element are given by N1 = 0.15 and N2 = 0.25. Determine the x and y coordinates of the point P. [6+10] 6. A composite slab consists of three materials of diﬀerent thermal conductivities i.e 20 W/m K, 30 W/m-0 K, 50 W/m-0 K of thickness 0.3 m, 0.15 m, 0.15 m respectively. The outer surface is 200C and the inner surface is exposed to the convective heat transfer coeﬃcient of 25 W/m2 -K at 3000 C. Determine the temperature distribution within the wall? [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR311403 7. Explain the following with examples. (a) Lumped parameter model. (b) Consistant mass matrix model.

Set No. 1

[8+8]

8. (a) Explain the need for automatic mesh generation techniques (b) Explain mesh smoothing, Mesh density and mesh conformity [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311403

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Derive the various equations for static equilibrium of an elastic body. [16]

2. Derive stiﬀness equations for a bar element from the one dimensional second order equation by variated approach. [16] 3. Estimate the displacement vector, stresses and reactions for the truss structure as shown below Figure1:

Figure 1: Note: - Area is not given and assumed as A(e) = 1mm2 ‘E’ is not given. Assumed as E=2×105 N/mm2 [16] 4. Derive the element stiﬀness matrix for the 2-noded beam element [16]

5. Explain in detail how the element stiﬀness matrix and load vector are evaluated in isoparametric formulations. [16] 6. A composite slab consists of three materials of diﬀerent thermal conductivities i.e 20 W/m K, 30 W/m-0 K, 50 W/m-0 K of thickness 0.3 m, 0.15 m, 0.15 m respectively. The outer surface is 200C and the inner surface is exposed to the convective heat transfer coeﬃcient of 25 W/m2 -K at 3000 C. Determine the temperature distribution within the wall? [16] 7. Evaluate the eigen values, eigen vectors and natural frequencies of a beam of cross section 360 cm2 of length 600 mm. Assume young’s modulus as 200 Gpa, density 7850 kg/m3 and moment of Inertia of 3000 mm4 . Make into two elements of 300 mm length each. [16] 8. (a) Explain the convergence criteria in ﬁnite element analysis. 1 of 2

Code No: RR311403

Set No. 2

(b) Write about pre-processor, processor, and post-processor in any FEM software. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311403

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne Geometric Variance. (b) What is meant by displacement function? (c) Give the importance of Pascal Triangle. [4+6+6]

2. Derive the shape functions for a one dimensional linear line element in global Coordinate system. [16] 3. Consider the truss element with the coordinates i(10,10) & q(50,40) If the displacement vector is q=[15 10 21 43]T mm, then determine (a) The trace vector F (b) Stress in each element (c) Stiﬀness matrix if E= 70 GPA and A= 200 mm2 . [6+4+6]

4. Consider a beam with uniform distributed load as shown in the ﬁgure1. Estimate the deﬂection at the centre of the beam. E = 200 Gpa ; A = 25 mm ×0 25 mm. [16]

Figure 1: 5. (a) Derive strain displacement [B] matrix for a 3 noded Triangular element? (b) The nodal coordinates and the nodal displacements of a triangular element, under a speciﬁc load condition are given below: Xi = 0, Yi = 0, Xj = 1 mm , Yj = 3 mm, Xk = 4 mm, Yk = 1, u1 =1 mm, u2 = -0.05 mm, u3 = 2 mm, v1 = 0.5 mm , v2 = 1.5 mm and v3 = -1 mm. If E = 2 × 105 N/mm2 and µ = 0.3. ﬁnd the stresses in the element. [8+8] 6. Consider a brick wall (0.7 W/m K) of thickness 30 cm. The inner surface is at 280 C and the outer surface is exposed to cold air with heat transfer coeﬃcient of 36 W/m2 K at -150C. Determine the steady state temperature distribution and heat ﬂux through the wall. [8+8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR311403

Set No. 3

7. Derive the elemental jumped and consistant mass matrices for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element? [16] 8. What are diﬀerent steps followed in preparation of preprocessing, processing, and post processing stages using NASTRAN package? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311403

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (Mechatronics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Derive the various equations for static equilibrium of an elastic body. [16]

2. Derive stiﬀness equations for a bar element from the one dimensional second order equation by variated approach. [16] 3. Determine the displacement at node 1 of the truss structure as shown in the ﬁgure1: [16]

Figure 1: 4. Estimate the stiﬀness matrix and the deﬂection at the center of the simply supported beam of length 3 m. A 50 kN of load is acting at the center of the beam. Take EI = 800 × 103 N-m2 . [16] 5. (a) Discuss the signiﬁcance and applications of triangular elements. (b) Two dimensional simplex elements are used to ﬁnd the pressure distribution in a ﬂuid medium. The (x, y) coordinates of nodes i, j and k of an element are given by (2, 4), (4, 0) and (2, 6) respectively. Find the shape functions Ni , Nj and Nk of the element. [10+6] 6. The outside of a heating tape is insulated while the inside is attached to one plate of 20 mm thick stainless steel plate (16.6 W/mK). The other face of the plate is exposed to the heat transfer coeﬃcient of 5 W/m2 K at 200 C. The outer surface of the plate is maintained at 700 C. Heat is supplied at the rate of 500 W/m2 . Determine the temperature distribution of the face to which the heating tape is attached? [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR311403 7. Explain the following with examples. (a) Lumped parameter model. (b) Consistant mass matrix model.

Set No. 4

[8+8]

8. What are the techniques used in Semi automatic and fully automatic mesh generation? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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