Code No: RR311701

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MICROWAVE ENGINEERING (Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the applications of microwave frequencies? Discuss in detail. (b) Explain the principle of operation of a reflex Klystron oscillator and derive an expression for the bunching parameter. [6+10] 2. (a) Explain how feed back occurs in Backward wave oscillator. How is wide tuning range possible in this device? (b) Briefly state the reasons for why helix is preferred as a slow wave structure in TWT.. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the working of a traveling wave multi cavity magnetron. (b) Explain clearly how mode jumping is avoided in magnetron. 4. (a) Explain the Gunn Effect? Mention various modes of GUNN diode. (b) Describe the operating principle of IMPATT diode. [8+8] [8+8]

5. (a) A rectangular wave-guide has a cross section of 1.5 cm x 0.8 cm, σ=0, µ= µ0 and ∈= 4∈0 . The magnetic field component is given as Hx = 2Sin πx cos 3πy Sin (π × 1011 t − β z) A/m a b Determine i. ii. iii. iv. v. The The The The The mode of operation cut off frequency phase constant propagation constant wave impedance. [10+6]

(b) Write short notes on “Rectangular resonant Cavity”.

6. (a) What is a directional coupler? A 20dB coupler has a directivity of 30dB. Calculate the value of isolation, defining all the terms involved. (b) Explain the functioning of “rotary Vane attenuators”. 7. (a) What are ferrites? List out their characteristics. (b) What are scattering parameters? Explain the S matrix of a three port ideal circulator. [8+8] 8. (a) Distinguish between slotted line and directional coupler methods of VSWR measurement. 1 of 2 [8+8]

Code No: RR311701 (b) Write short notes on “frequency meters”. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 1
[8+8]

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Code No: RR311701

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MICROWAVE ENGINEERING (Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the applications of microwave frequencies? Discuss in detail. (b) Explain the principle of operation of a reflex Klystron oscillator and derive an expression for the bunching parameter. [6+10] 2. (a) Distinguish between different types of slow wave structures. Why is a slow wave structure used in TWT? (b) Compare the performance characteristics applications and limitations of Klystron amplifiers, TWT amplifiers and parametric amplifiers.. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the principle of Π mode oscillations in cylindrical magnetron. (b) Write short notes on ‘Reike’ diagram and its significance. 4. (a) Describe a non-degenerate negative resistance parametric amplifier. (b) An N type Ga As GUNN diode has the following specification Threshold field: 3KV/m Applied field 3.5KV/m Device length 10 micrometers Doping Constant 1014 electron/ Cm3 Operating freq. 10 GHz Calculate the current density and (-Ve) electron mobility in the device, explaining the relations used. [6+10] 5. (a) Show that the TEM, TM01 and TM10 modes in a rectangular wave-guide do not exist. (b) Discuss the merits and demerits of circular wave guide over rectangular wave guide. [10+6] 6. (a) Explain the difference between i. E plane Tee ii. H- plane Tee Explain clearly why do you call them series and parallel Tee respectively. (b) Describe with a neat sketch a precision Attenuator, and Explain its operation [8+8] 7. Write short notes on (a) Properties of S matrix. 1 of 2 [8+8]

Code No: RR311701 (b) Gyrator and its applications.

Set No. 2
[8+8]

8. (a) What are the precautions to be taken while setting up microwave bench for measurement of various parameters. (b) How do you measure microwave power using a Bolometer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

2 of 2

Code No: RR311701

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MICROWAVE ENGINEERING (Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is velocity modulation? Explain how amplification takes place in a two cavity Klystron amplifier. (b) What is transit time? How it is made use of in realization of microwave tubes. [10+6] 2. (a) What is a backward wave oscillator? Write brief notes on its configuration and characteristics. (b) Describe the merits and demerits of helix as a slow wave structure.. 3. (a) Explain the working of a traveling wave multi cavity magnetron. (b) Explain clearly how mode jumping is avoided in magnetron. [8+8] [8+8]

4. Briefly explain the basic operating mechanism of TRAPATT diode with sketch. Why is the drift though this diode much slower than through a comparable IMPATT diode? What implications does this have for the operating frequency range of the TRAPATT diode? [16] 5. (a) A rectangular wave-guide has a cross section of 1.5 cm x 0.8 cm, σ=0, µ= µ0 and ∈= 4∈0 . The magnetic field component is given as Hx = 2Sin πx cos 3πy Sin (π × 1011 t − β z) A/m a b Determine i. ii. iii. iv. v. The The The The The mode of operation cut off frequency phase constant propagation constant wave impedance. [10+6]

(b) Write short notes on “Rectangular resonant Cavity”.

6. (a) Explain the working of two hole directional coupler with a neat diagram. (b) Explain about E plane Tee junction with a neat sketch. Why it is called a series Tee? [8+8] 7. Write short notes on (a) Properties of S matrix. (b) Gyrator and its applications. [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR311701

Set No. 3

8. Explain with a neat black diagram how VSWR and impedance can be measured using a slotted line in X band. Name the types of sources used and list out the precautions to be taken. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311701

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MICROWAVE ENGINEERING (Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Discuss the limitations of conventional tubes at microwave frequencies. (b) Explain the principle of operation of two cavity Klystron with neat diagrams. [6+10] 2. (a) Why slow wave structure is used in TWT? Mention its characteristics. (b) What is a traveling wave tube amplifier? Explain with neat sketches.. [8+8] 3. (a) Draw neatly the cross section of a 8 cavity magnetron and explain the mechanism of oscillations. (b) For a magnetron a= 0.6 m, b = 0.8m, N=16, B= 0.06T, f= 3 GHz and V0 = 1.6 KV. Calculate the average drift velocity for electrons in the region between cathode and anode. [8+8] 4. (a) Describe a non-degenerate negative resistance parametric amplifier. (b) An N type Ga As GUNN diode has the following specification Threshold field: 3KV/m Applied field 3.5KV/m Device length 10 micrometers Doping Constant 1014 electron/ Cm3 Operating freq. 10 GHz Calculate the current density and (-Ve) electron mobility in the device, explaining the relations used. [6+10] 5. (a) Starting with the equation for the propagation constant of a mode in a rectangular wave guide, Derive the expression λ = √ λgλc 2 2
λg +λc

Where λg is the guide wave length and λc is the cutoff wave length (b) An air filled rectangular wave guide has dimensions of 0.9” x 0.4” and is supporting T E10 mode at a frequency of 9800 MHz. Calculate the wave guide impedance. Calculate the percentage change in this impedance for a 10% increase in the operating frequency. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain i. Coupling Probes ii. Coupling loops. (b) What is a phase shifter? Explain its principle of operation with a neat sketch. Give its applications. [8+8] 1 of 2

Code No: RR311701 7. Write short notes on (a) Properties of S matrix. (b) Gyrator and its applications.

Set No. 4

[8+8]

8. (a) What are the precautions to be taken while setting up microwave bench for measurement of various parameters. (b) How do you measure microwave power using a Bolometer. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

2 of 2