Code No: RR311803

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 HEAT TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Draw Fe-Fe3 C phase diagram and label the phase fields. Discuss the different reactions that take place in this system? [16] 2. (a) Describe the hardening of steels. (b) Explain the factors affecting the hardening process. [10] [6]

3. (a) Any combination of heat treatment and plastic deformation by cold working cannot be reffered to as thermomechanical treatments. Discuss. [7] (b) Explain the process, microstructure, and properties of Ausforming of steels with neat diagram. [9] 4. (a) What is the purpose of alloying? Define alloy steels, give the classification of steels based on carbon content and alloy content. [10] (b) Explain how the alloying elements that dissolve in ferrite increase its strength. [6] 5. Explain the effects of ‘P’, ‘S’ and Mn on the properties, Microstructures and applications of cast irons. [16] 6. (a) Explain the manufacture of Nodular cast iron? (b) What are the Mechanical Properties of Nodular Cast Irons? (c) What are the main applications of S.G. Cast Irons? 7. (a) Explain in detail the precipitation hardening process? [8] [4] [4] [6] [10] 8. (a) What type of furnace is used for heat treatment of aluminum alloys? Explain the important features of the furnace. [6] (b) Why atmosphere control is required for heat treatment of certain metals and alloys. [5] (c) What is the purpose of using vacuum in the heat treatment of certain metals and alloys. [5] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

(b) Explain the coherent lattice theory to explain the age hardening phenomenon.

Code No: RR311803

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 HEAT TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the effect of Austenite grains size on the mechanical properties of steel? [7] (b) Discuss the methods for determination of Austenitic grain size? [9] 2. What is critical diameter? Explain the determination of hardenability of a given steel specimen by Grossman’s critical diameter method? [16] 3. (a) What is the significance of post-carburising heat treatment. [8] (b) What are the various methods used in general for flame hardening? Explain? [8] 4. (a) What is the purpose of alloying? Define alloy steels, give the classification of steels based on carbon content and alloy content. [10] (b) Explain how the alloying elements that dissolve in ferrite increase its strength. [6] 5. (a) What are cast irons? Give its importance in the Metallurgical Curriculum? [8] (b) Compare and contrast steels and cast Irons. 6. (a) Explain the manufacture of Nodular cast iron? (b) What are the Mechanical Properties of Nodular Cast Irons? (c) What are the main applications of S.G. Cast Irons? [8] [8] [4] [4]

7. Write short notes on the following with respect to composition, properties, Microstructure and applications of (a) Cupronickels (b) Gilding metal 8. (a) Write short notes on i. Babbits ii. Pb-Sn alloys. (b) How tin base alloys are classified. Give the composition; properties and applications of any two types of tin base alloys. [8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 [8] [8] [4+4]

Code No: RR311803

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 HEAT TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the term Heat Treatment. How does heat treatment alter the mechanical properties of an alloy? [8] (b) Discuss the heat treatment process variables? [8] 2. (a) Describe the hardening of steels. (b) Explain the factors affecting the hardening process. [10] [6]

3. Discuss the laser hardening method. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of laser hardening? [16] 4. (a) Describe the effect of alloying elements on ferrite and cemenite. (b) Discuss the effect of alloying elements on Fe-Fe3C phase diagram. [8] [8]

5. (a) What are cast irons? Give its importance in the Metallurgical Curriculum? [8] (b) Compare and contrast steels and cast Irons. [8]

6. (a) Explain the properties and microstructure of spheroidal graphite cast irons. [6] (b) What are the nodulizing elements added to the ladle to get S.G.Iron? Explain its importance? [6] (c) Give the process sheet for the heat treatment of white cast Irons to produce malleable cast Irons. [4] 7. (a) Draw copper-tin phase diagram and label the phases in it. (b) Write short notes on i. Phosphor bronze ii. Gun metal [8] [4+4]

8. (a) What type of furnace is used for heat treatment of aluminum alloys? Explain the important features of the furnace. [6] (b) Why atmosphere control is required for heat treatment of certain metals and alloys. [5] (c) What is the purpose of using vacuum in the heat treatment of certain metals and alloys. [5] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

Code No: RR311803

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 HEAT TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the term Heat Treatment. How does heat treatment alter the mechanical properties of an alloy? [8] (b) Discuss the heat treatment process variables? [8]

2. (a) What is hardenability? What is the difference between hardenability and hardness. [8] (b) What is the significance of hardenability? Explain the relation of hardenability with transformation rates. [8] 3. (a) Any combination of heat treatment and plastic deformation by cold working cannot be reffered to as thermomechanical treatments. Discuss. [7] (b) Explain the process, microstructure, and properties of Ausforming of steels with neat diagram. [9] 4. (a) Give the composition of HSS. [3]

(b) Discuss composition, typical heat treatment cycle and microstructure of highspeed steels. [13] 5. (a) With the help of Iron-Iron carbide diagram explain the cooling behavior of Hypo eutectic cast irons with 3% carbon from liquid state to room temperature. [8] (b) Explain the cooling behavior of eutectic cast iron with the help of ironironcarbide diagram? [8] 6. (a) Explain the manufacture of Nodular cast iron? (b) What are the Mechanical Properties of Nodular Cast Irons? (c) What are the main applications of S.G. Cast Irons? 7. (a) Bring out the various metallurgical properties of copper and its alloys. [8] [4] [4] [6]

(b) Draw copper-zinc equilibrium diagram. Label various phases in it. Explain the diagram. [10] 8. (a) Explain the importance of Titanium in the modern industrial scenario? (b) Explain the various properties of Titanium and its alloys? (c) Explain the various applications of Titanium and its alloys? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 [6] [5] [5]