Code No: RR311802

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MECHANICAL METALLURGY (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Discuss the several Interactions between parallel edge dislocations and their results. (b) Give the slip planes, slip directions, Twin planes and Twin directions for various crystal systems. [8+8] 2. (a) Write an essay about the indentors used in Rockwell; Brinell′ s; viker′ s and rebound hardness methods. (b) Explain the relation between hardness and other mechanical properties of materials. [10+6] 3. Explain the terms : (a) Engineering stress and strain (b) True stress and strain (c) Strain hardening and strain hardening coefficient. (d) Resistance and modulus of resistance. [4x4=16]

4. (a) Discuss the factors affecting ductile to brittle transition in FCC and BCC metals. (b) Discuss the factors affecting the impact properties of materials (c) How is impact strength measured? [6+6+4]

5. (a) What do you mean by fracture? Explain the various types of fractures? (b) Obtain Griffth′ s criterion for propagation of a crack in a brittle material.[8+8] 6. (a) What do you mean by fatigue of metals? What factors aid fatigue failure? (b) Draw S-N curve for a mild steel, Al-alloy and a Nickle alloy. Discuss about their endurance limits. [7+9] 7. (a) Draw an ideal Creep curve and explain the various stages on it. (b) With the sketch of a creep test set up explain how creep rupture tests are conducted. [8+8] 8. What the Nondestructive tests you advise for the following. Give reasons for selection of such a process. (a) Aviation components. 1 of 2

Code No: RR311802 (b) Weldments of steel used in pressure vessals. (c) Forged axels. (d) Cold rolled bars of Titanium. (e) Surface cracks on tubes. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 1

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Code No: RR311802

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MECHANICAL METALLURGY (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. With the help of neat sketches explain edge dislocations and screw dislocations.[16] 2. Explain the principle and operation involved in Rockwel hardness test. What are the major advantages and limitations of this test over other hardness tests? [16] 3. (a) Explain how hardness is related to tensile strength and ductility of materials (b) Draw the stress - strain (engineering) curves for ductile and brittle materials giving examples. Explain the reasons for the discrepancy in their shapes. [6+10] 4. (a) Explain the effects of carbon content of steels, grain size and shape, crystal structure on transition temperature. (b) Describe with neat sketches the principles of Izod test. [8+8]

5. (a) A sample of glass has a crack of half length 2µm. The young′ s modulus of glass 70GN/m2 is and specific surface energy is IJ/m2 . Estimate the fracture strength and compare it with its young?s Modulus. (b) Explain Ductile-Brittle transition temperature in metals. [9+7]

6. (a) Explain crack initiation and propogation failure with the aid of a sketch. (b) What preventive measures can be adopted to avoid fatigue failure? 7. Write about (a) Various types of creep resistant materials. (b) Importance of creep at high temperature. [8+8] [8+8]

8. (a) How Eddy current NDT works? Explain the working principle in detail. (b) In which type of components this test is used. What are its disadvantages? [9+7] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311802

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MECHANICAL METALLURGY (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is a slip systems. Calculate the number of slip systems in simple cube, BCC, FCC and CPH unit cells. Draw a neat sketch to show slip systems in FCC structures. [16] 2. (a) Discuss the methods for hardness testing of the following materials. Justify the reasons. i. RAZOR BLADES ii. STEEL ROLLS AND ROLLING MILLS iii. COPPER FOILS iv. Nitrided cases (b) Show by means of a sketch that in order to produce geometrically similar d indentation in a Brinell′ s test D must remain constant. [10+6] 3. (a) What do you mean by resilience? Derive an expression for resilience in terms of stress and elastic modulus. (b) Explain the terms in the following expression used under notch effect σmax = Kt .σav ; [10+6] 4. Discuss the different types of notched bar impact test specimens with neat sketches and standard dimensions. [16] 5. (a) Explain the Griffth′ s theory of metals. (b) Distinguish between ductile and brittle fracture of metals. Draw stress-strain diagrams for both the types of failures with suitable examples. [8+8] 6. (a) Describe in detail any one test for evaluating the fatigue strength and explain how the data is used to obtain fatigue limit. (b) Explain various mechanisms of fatigue failure. [8+8] 7. (a) Draw an ideal Creep curve and explain the various stages on it. (b) With the sketch of a creep test set up explain how creep rupture tests are conducted. [8+8] 8. Explain the following N.D.T Processes. (a) Magnetic particle inspection (b) Ultrasonic flaw detection ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 [8+8]

Code No: RR311802

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MECHANICAL METALLURGY (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is a slip systems. Calculate the number of slip systems in simple cube, BCC, FCC and CPH unit cells. Draw a neat sketch to show slip systems in FCC structures. [16] 2. (a) Explain the working principle of shore scleroscope test. (b) Explain the basis for selection of loads in Briunell′ s hardness test method. [8+8] 3. (a) What is the significance of ‘point of instability’ in a tensile test. (b) Explain what do you mean by ‘Dislocation pile up’. What is the influence of the above phenomenon on the properties del and behaviour of materials? (c) Explain why Brinnell′ s hardness test is preferred for cast Irons. [5+6+5] 4. (a) What is transition temperature? Discuss the effect of various metallurgical factors affecting the transition temperature (b) Discuss the standard test for determining the transition temperature. [8+8] 5. (a) Under what conditions a ductile material may fail in a brittle manner? Explain about Ductile-Brittle transition temperature. (b) What do you mean by fracture toughness? Explain. [9+7] 6. (a) Explain crack initiation and propogation failure with the aid of a sketch. (b) What preventive measures can be adopted to avoid fatigue failure? [8+8] 7. (a) What is creep? Draw an ideal creep curve and explain the various stages with the mechanism in operation. (b) Explain the effect of temperature and stress on creep life with the aid of graphs. [8+8] 8. What the Nondestructive tests you advise for the following. Give reasons for selection of such a process. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Aviation components. Weldments of steel used in pressure vessals. Forged axels. Cold rolled bars of Titanium. Surface cracks on tubes. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

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