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Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES-I (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the moment area method to ﬁnd slope and deﬂection of a beam. (b) A cantilever beam of span L is point loaded, P at the free end. Find the Slope and deﬂection using moment area method, assuming uniform ﬂexural rigidity, EI. [16] 2. A simply supported beam of span L is loaded with U.D.L, w per unit length. The cross section of the beam is rectangular. Determine the section of the beam for uniform strength (a) When depth is constant. (b) When breadth is constant. σb -bending stress. [16]

3. A cantilever which is ﬁxed at one end and propped at other end and of length 4m is subjected to point load 20 KN at the mid span. Find the prop reaction. [16] 4. AB = BC=CD= DE = 2m, EI = 2×1014 Nmm2 For the overhang beam loaded as shown in ﬁgure1 , ﬁnd the deﬂection at C Using castiglinos theorem. [16]

Figure 1: 5. Find the horizontal and vertical deﬂections at C using unit load method for the crane loaded as shown in (ﬁgure2). [16] 6. A slender column,3m long ,36mm in diameter transmits a longitudinal thrust P acting at the center of the ends. The strut is initially slightly bent the initial central deﬂection is 5mm.Find the total max. deﬂection and the max.compressive stress induced in the section ,when P=9KN,E=210GN/ mm2 [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR312105

Set No. 1

Figure 2: 7. A cast iron of hollow circular section 200mm external dia ,thickness of metal 20mm,length 5m,has to take a load of 120 KN at an eccentricity of 20 mm from the geometrical axis. If the ends are ﬁxed, calculate max. and min. stresses induced in the section taking E=120 KN/mm2 .Also calculate max. permissible eccentricity so that no tension is induced anywhere in the section. [16] 8. A beam column which is ﬁxed at both ends is subjected to transverse central load ,and axial compressive load (a) Write the beam column equations at section (b) Give the boundary conditions. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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Code No: RR312105

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES-I (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the moment area method to ﬁnd slope and deﬂection of a beam. (b) A cantilever beam of span L is point loaded, P at the free end. Find the Slope and deﬂection using moment area method, assuming uniform ﬂexural rigidity, EI. [16] 2. A cantilever composite beam of span 6 m carries a point load of 100KN at a distance of 2 m from the free end. The beam is made of aluminum 100× 50mm2 reinforced with steel plates 50×10 mm2 . Determine the maximum deﬂection and slope for the composite beam. Esteel = 3.5× Ewood . Esteel = 2×105 N/mm2 . [16] 3. A continuous beam of span 10 m is propped at a distance of 4m from one end .It carries UDL of 60KN/m unto propped point from the same end .Remaining part consists of UDL of 100KN/m., ﬁnd the reactions and moments using clapeyron’s theorem [16] 4. Determine the vertical and horizontal deﬂections at free end C of a cantilever frame shown in ﬁgure1 using Castiglino’s theorem. Neglect the eﬀect of axial deformations. Assume uniform ﬂexural rigidity,EI. [16]

Figure 1: 5. Find the forces in all the members of the structure and tabulate the results as shown in ﬁgure2 . [16] 6. A hollow rectangular column of length 5 m with uniform thickness of 40 mm is ﬁxed at one end and hinged at the other end as shown in (ﬁgure3). Find the Euler crippling load . E = 2x105 N/mm2 [16] 1 of 3

Code No: RR312105

Set No. 2

Figure 2:

Figure 3:

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Code No: RR312105

Set No. 2

7. A built up column consisting of rolled steel beam ISWB-300 with the two plates 200mm×10mm connected at the top and bottom ﬂanges .Calculate the safe load the column can carry using Rankine’s theory,if the length is 3m and both ends are ﬁxed. factor of safety 3 Crushing stress fc=320N/mm2 . K=α=1/7500 properties of the ISWB-300 are:A=6133mm2 Ixx = 9821.6×104mm4 Iyy =9901 ×104 mm4 [16] 8. A beam-column of span L, which is hinged at one end and roller supported at the other end is subjected to axial compressive load P, at the ends followed by a clockwise couple M at the center (a) Write the beam column equations considering buckling at a section (b) Give the boundary conditions. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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Code No: RR312105

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES-I (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. A simply supported beam of rectangular section having span 6m, is subjected to UDL ‘w’ over its whole length. The maximum bending stress is 9.6 N/ mm2 . Find the depth of the beam, if the maximum deﬂection is limited to 1/ 1500 of span. E = 0.15 N/mm2 [16] 2. (a) Explain Beams of constant strength (b) A cantilever beam of span L with point load at free end is of rectangular crosssection. Determine the cross-section and draw the beam of constant strength [16] 3. A continuous beam with one end ﬁxed is supported at B and C and loaded as shown in ﬁgure1. Find the end reactions as well as moments. EI = 2×1013 N/mm2 [16]

Figure 1: 4. Find the deﬂection under the load using castiglino’s theorem for the frame shown in (ﬁgure2) [16] 5. A quarter ring of radius R ﬁxed at A and loaded at free end B by point downward load P as shown in (ﬁgure3). Find the horizontal and vertical deﬂections at B using unit load method. EI =constant. [16] 6. A steel bar of rectangular section 120×240 mm is used as a column with both ends pinned .If the limiting stress is 240N/mm2 and E=2×105 N/mm2 , (a) What is the shortest length of the column for which Euler’s theory can apply. (b) Calculate the safe load if the column is having 4.5m length with factor of safety 2. (c) What could be the loads taken by the struts if they are of the square and circular shape with the same area of cross-section. [16]

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Code No: RR312105

Set No. 3

Figure 2:

Figure 3:

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Code No: RR312105

Set No. 3

7. A cast iron of hollow circular section 200mm external dia ,thickness of metal 20mm,length 5m,has to take a load of 120 KN at an eccentricity of 20 mm from the geometrical axis. If the ends are ﬁxed, calculate max. and min. stresses induced in the section taking E=120 KN/mm2 .Also calculate max. permissible eccentricity so that no tension is induced anywhere in the section. [16] 8. A beam column of span L, which is ﬁxed at both ends, is subjected to uniform distributed loading transversely ‘w’ per unit length and axial compressive load, P at the ends (a) Write the beam column equations for buckling at the section (b) Give the boundary conditions. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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Code No: RR312105

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES-I (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. A simple supported beam of span L is subjected to moment M at the ends Followed by a point load P at the center. Find the slope at the ends and maximum deﬂection, assuming uniform ﬂexural rigidity, EI. [16] 2. A cantilever beam of span 4 m is loaded with a u.d.l. of 4 KN/m over its entire span and a point load of 50 KN at a distance of 2m from the ﬁxed end. Determine the maximum deﬂection and slope using superposition method. I = 20×107 mm4 E = 2×105 N/mm2 . [16] 3. A continuous beam with one end ﬁxed is supported at B and C and loaded as shown in ﬁgure1. Find the end reactions as well as moments. EI = 2×1013 N/mm2 [16]

Figure 1: 4. A frame is loaded as shown in (ﬁgure2) at point D. Determine the vertical deﬂection using Strain energy method. [16]

Figure 2:

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Code No: RR312105

Set No. 4

Figure 3: 5. Find the deﬂection and slope using unit load method at the free end of a cantilever beam loaded as shown in (ﬁgure3), assuming uniform ﬂexural rigidity, EI. [16] 6. A slender column,3m long ,36mm in diameter transmits a longitudinal thrust P acting at the center of the ends. The strut is initially slightly bent the initial central deﬂection is 5mm.Find the total max. deﬂection and the max.compressive stress induced in the section ,when P=9KN,E=210GN/ mm2 [16] 7. For a column with one end ﬁxed other end free, derive the critical load formula using energy method. The buckling can be xpressed as a function of x, along the length of column L, as y=A(1-cos (π×/2L)). [16] 8. A beam-column of span L, which is hinged at one end and roller supported at the other end is subjected to axial compressive load P at the ends followed by a transverse UVL ‘w’ per unit length over the entire span (a) Write the beam column equations considering buckling at section (b) Give the boundary conditions ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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