Code No: RR312201

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTATION (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. With neat sketches explain the various methods for the measurement of electrolytic conductance. [16] 2. (a) Explain about hydrogen purity meter by using thermal conductivity method. (b) Explain how thermal conductivity of hydrogen different from other gases. [12+4] 3. How co laser can be used for the measurement of nitric oxide. Give a neat block diagram and explain the operation of each block clearly. [16] 4. (a) Explain in detail the chromatographic behavior of solutes? (b) Explain in detail about the following i. Column efficiency ii. Band broadening. [8+8]

5. (a) Explain about the advantages and Disadvantages associated with single and double beam spectrometer? (b) What is the requirement of chopper in spectrometer. [8+8]

6. (a) Explain with a schematic the operation of cross dispersion type spectroscope. (b) Briefly explain about Photon detectors. [8+8]

7. With neat diagram and associated stability graph, explain about quadrupole mass spectrometer. [16] 8. (a) Numerate the important radiation detectors used for measuring the radio activity? (b) Explain briefly about the principle of any one of the radiation detector. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR312201

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTATION (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. With necessary diagrams briefly discuss the various types of electrodes used in pH measurement. [16] 2. (a) With neat sketch explain the dissolved oxygen electrode system. (b) With neat sketch explain the construction of hydrogen gas electrode. 3. (a) Explain the principle of operation of a paramagnetic oxygen analyzer? (b) Describe in detail, how Galvanic method can be used to determine oxygen concentration of a gas. [8+8] 4. Explain in detail time of analysis of chromatography system? [16] [8+8]

5. (a) Briefly explain the types of source that are used with respect to IR radiation. (b) Briefly explain i. solid state detector ii. thermal detector 6. (a) Explain briefly about an atomic absorption Spectroscope. (b) What are the problems of AAS? 7. (a) What are the applications of NMR Spectroscopy? (b) Explain one of its applications in detail. 8. Write short notes on: (a) Gas amplification gain. (b) Geiger range. (c) Unit which is used to describe the value of radio activity. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [6+4+6] [8+8] [8+8] [8+8]

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Code No: RR312201

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTATION (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. With neat sketches explain the various methods for the measurement of electrolytic conductance. [16] 2. (a) Explain the constructional details of sodium analyzer. (b) Discuss the various principles used in sodium analyzer. 3. (a) Explain the principle of operation of a paramagnetic oxygen analyzer? (b) Describe in detail, how Galvanic method can be used to determine oxygen concentration of a gas. [8+8] 4. (a) Prepare a table containing a geometrically similar column set such that for each column the reduced length is 20,000. Do this for particle diameters 1,2,3,4,15 and 20µm. Derive the formula used? (b) 1,2,3 tri-methylbenzene has an adjusted retention time at 21.3 min at 2000 C and 13.3 min at 2250 C. What will be possible to elute this compound in < 10 min? The liquid phase has maximum operating temperature of 2750 C? Derive the formula used? [8+8] 5. (a) Briefly explain how do you classify spectroscopic analysis techniques. (b) Explain the scheme of a non dispersive dual channel absorption type IR spectrometer. [8+8] 6. Briefly explain about the atomic emission and absorption spectroscopy. [16] [8+8]

7. (a) What is the need of electrostatic accelerating system in mass spectrometer? (b) Write a brief notes on ion collecting system and recording of mass spectrograph. [6+10] 8. (a) Draw the schematic of Geiger counter and explain the principle of operation . (b) Describe with a neat sketch the constructional details and application of a proportional counter. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR312201

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTATION (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. With necessary diagrams briefly discuss the various types of electrodes used in pH measurement. [16] 2. Explain dissolved oxygen analysis by polarographic instrument. [16]

3. Explain the principle of operation of thermal conductivity analyzer used for estimation of components such as CO, CO2 etc. [16] 4. Explain in detail time of analysis of chromatography system? [16]

5. What is a spectrophotometer and explain a typical UV/ visible spectrometer using double beam. [16] 6. (a) Explain briefly about flame photometry? (b) Briefly discuss about the detectors of flame photometry? [8+8]

7. With neat block diagram, explain about the constructional details of NMR spectrometer. [16] 8. Write short notes on: (a) Gas amplification gain. (b) Geiger range. (c) Unit which is used to describe the value of radio activity. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [6+4+6]

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