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Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MASS TRANSFER AND SEPARATION (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Obtain an expression for the steady state Equimolal counter diﬀusion of two gases starting from fundamentals? [16] 2. (a) Distinguish between Eddy and Molecular Diﬀusion? (b) Explain Penetration Theory versus Two Film Theory? [8+8]

3. A liquid mixture containing 40 mole% n-Heptane and 60 mole% n-Octane is subjected to diﬀerential distillation at atmospheric pressure with 60 mole% of the liquid distilled. Compute the composition of the composited distillate and the residue. Take relative volatility α =2.16. [16] 4. A rectiﬁcation column is fed 100 kg mol/h of a mixture of 50 mol% Benzene and 50 mol% Toluene at 101.32 Kpa abs pressure. The feed is liquid at the boiling point. The distillate is to contain 90 mol% Benzene and the bottoms 10 mol% Benzene. The reﬂux ratio is 4.52:1. Calculate the kg mol/h distillate, kg mol/h bottoms and the number of theoretical trays needed using Mc Cabe Thiele Method. [16] 5. (a) What is a plait point? (b) Draw the ﬂow diagram for continuous counter current multistage extraction operation. [6+10] 6. Soyabean ﬂakes containing 22 wt% oil are to be leached in a counter current multistage to contain 0.8 kg oil/ 100 kg inert solid. Using fresh and pure hexane solvent. For every 1000 kg soyabeans, 1000 kg Hexane is used. Experiments give the following retention of solution with the solids in the underﬂow, where N is kg inert solid/ kg solution retained and YA is wt. fraction of oil in solution. N YA 1.73 1.52 1.43 0 0.20 0.30

Calculate the exit ﬂows and compositions and the number of theoretical stages required? [16] 7. The equilibrium adsorption of Acetone vapour on an activated carbon at 300 C and 1 atm is given by the following data gm adsorbed / gm carbon 0 Partial pressure of Acetone mm Hg 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 2 12 42 0.35 0.38 92 120

The vapour pressure of Acetone at 350 C is 283 mm Hg. A one liter ﬂask contains air and Acetone vapour at 1 atm and 300 C with a relative saturation of the vapour of 1 of 2

Code No: RR312301

Set No. 1

35%. Two grams of fresh activated carbon is introduced into the ﬂask and the ﬂask is sealed. Calculate the ﬁnal vapour concentration at 300 C and the ﬁnal pressure. Neglect the adsorption of air. [16] 8. (a) Explain with a sketch the general membrane separation process. (b) Classify the membrane processes based on the driving force. (c) Diﬀerentiate between Ultraﬁltration and Reverse Osmosis. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [6+5+5]

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Code No: RR312301

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MASS TRANSFER AND SEPARATION (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Obtain an expression for the steady state Equimolal counter diﬀusion of two gases starting from fundamentals? [16] 2. (a) Distinguish between Eddy and Molecular Diﬀusion? (b) Explain Penetration Theory versus Two Film Theory? [8+8]

3. An equimolar mixture of A and B is ﬂash distilled such that 65% of the feed is in product distillate of the total moles fed. Compute the composition of the distillate and residue. Vapour liquid equilibrium data is as follows. X (mole) % 8 10 Y (mole) % 37 42 20 30 40 50 70 80 58 67 73 78 87 96 95 98

x and y represent the composition of A in liquid and vapour phase respectively.[16] 4. A rectiﬁcation column is fed 100 kg mol/h of a mixture of 50 mol% Benzene and 50 mol% Toluene at 101.32 Kpa abs pressure. The feed is liquid at the boiling point. The distillate is to contain 90 mol% Benzene and the bottoms 10 mol% Benzene. The reﬂux ratio is 4.52:1. Calculate the kg mol/h distillate, kg mol/h bottoms and the number of theoretical trays needed using Mc Cabe Thiele Method. [16] 5. Nicotine in water containing 1% nicotine is to be extracted with kerosene at 200 C water and kerosene are insoluble. Estimate the percentage extraction of Nicotine. (a) If 100 kg of feed solution is extracted in a single stage with 150 kg of solvent. (b) If 100 kg of feed solution is extracted in three theoretical stages using 50 kg of fresh solvent in each stage. [8+8] 6. Crushed oil seeds containing 55% oil (by weight) is to be extracted at the rate of 4000 kg/hr using 100 kg/min of n-hexane containing 5% oil (by weight) as the solvent. A counter current two stage extraction system is employed. The oil seeds will retain 1 kg of solution per kg of oil free cake. Estimate the percent recovery of oil obtained under the above conditions? [16] 7. (a) Explain in detail break through curve and its signiﬁcance? (b) Indicate how rate of adsorption in ﬁxed beds is estimated. [8+8]

8. A liquid containing solute A at a concentration C1 = 3 ×10−2 kg mol/m3 is ﬂowing rapidly by a membrane of thickness L=3.0×10−5 m. The distribution coeﬃcient K′ =1.5 and DAB = 7.0 × 10−11 m2 /s in the membrane. The solute diﬀuses through 1 of 2

Code No: RR312301

Set No. 2

the membrane and its concentration on the other side is C2 = 0.50×10−2 kgmol/m3 . The mass transfer coeﬃcient KC1 is large and can be considered as inﬁnite and KC2 =2.02 ×10−5 kmol/m2 s mol fraction. Calculate the ﬂux and the concentrations at the membrane interfaces? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR312301

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MASS TRANSFER AND SEPARATION (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Obtain an expression for the steady state Equimolal counter diﬀusion of two gases starting from fundamentals? [16] 2. Prove (or) show the following relationships starting with the equation. (a) Convert K′C to KY and KG . (b) Convert KL to Kx and K′ x . (c) Convert KG to KY and KC . [6+5+5]

3. A liquid feed consisting of 1200 kg moles of mixture containing 30% Naphthalene and 70% Dipropylene Glycol is diﬀerentially distilled at 100 mm Hg pressure and ﬁnal distillate contains 55% of Naphthalene. The VLE data are X 8.4 11.6 2.8 Y 22.3 41.1 62.9 (a) Determine the amount of distillate. (b) Determine the concentration of Naphthalene in residue and distillate? [8+8] 4. A rectiﬁcation column is fed 100 kg mol/h of a mixture of 50 mol% Benzene and 50 mol% Toluene at 101.32 Kpa abs pressure. The feed is liquid at the boiling point. The distillate is to contain 90 mol% Benzene and the bottoms 10 mol% Benzene. The reﬂux ratio is 4.52:1. Calculate the kg mol/h distillate, kg mol/h bottoms and the number of theoretical trays needed using Mc Cabe Thiele Method. [16] 5. Explain the following co-ordinate systems? (a) Rectangular co-ordinate system. (b) Triangular co-ordinate system. (c) Rectangular co-ordinate system on solvent free basis. [5+5+6] 6. Soyabean ﬂakes containing 22 wt% oil are to be leached in a counter current multistage to contain 0.8 kg oil/ 100 kg inert solid. Using fresh and pure hexane solvent. For every 1000 kg soyabeans, 1000 kg Hexane is used. Experiments give the following retention of solution with the solids in the underﬂow, where N is kg inert solid/ kg solution retained and YA is wt. fraction of oil in solution. N YA 1.73 1.52 1.43 0 0.20 0.30 50.6 68.7 80.6 88 74.8 80.2 84.4 88

Calculate the exit ﬂows and compositions and the number of theoretical stages required? [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR312301

Set No. 3

[16]

7. Discuss about ﬁxed bed adsorption and its application in food industry. 8. (a) Explain types of ﬂow in gas permeation.

(b) In what way pervaporation is diﬀerent from other membrane separations, explain. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR312301

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 MASS TRANSFER AND SEPARATION (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Obtain an expression for the steady state Equimolal counter diﬀusion of two gases starting from fundamentals? [16] 2. (a) Distinguish between Eddy and Molecular Diﬀusion? (b) Explain Penetration Theory versus Two Film Theory? [8+8]

3. A continuous fractionating column has to be designed for separating a liquid mixture of 4050 kg/hr containing equimolar amounts of Methanol. The feed is vapourised. Calculate (a) Molar ﬂow rate of overhead and bottom product. (b) The number of Actual plates assuming tray eﬃciency of 0.7 (c) Use a reﬂux ratio of 1.75 times the minimum reﬂux, locate the feed tray. Equilibrium Data X Y 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.417 0.579 0.669 0.729 0.780 0.825 0.879 0.915 0.959 [5+5+6] 4. A rectiﬁcation column is fed 100 kg mol/h of a mixture of 50 mol% Benzene and 50 mol% Toluene at 101.32 Kpa abs pressure. The feed is liquid at the boiling point. The distillate is to contain 90 mol% Benzene and the bottoms 10 mol% Benzene. The reﬂux ratio is 4.52:1. Calculate the kg mol/h distillate, kg mol/h bottoms and the number of theoretical trays needed using Mc Cabe Thiele Method. [16] 5. With the help of neat sketches, explain brieﬂy the various types of commercial extraction equipment. [16] 6. A counter current multiple contact extraction system is treat 50 tons/hr of wet mass fraction. Water ∼0.48, pulp ∼0.04, and sugar ∼0.20. The strong solution leaving the system is to contain 0.15 mass fraction of sugar and 97% sugar in the sliced beets is to be removed. Determine the number of cells required assuming equilibrium between the under ﬂow and overﬂow from each cell, if each ton of pulp retains 3 tons of water. [16] 7. (a) Explain in detail break through curve and its signiﬁcance? (b) Indicate how rate of adsorption in ﬁxed beds is estimated. 8. Explain: 1 of 2 [8+8]

Code No: RR312301

Set No. 4

[8+8]

(a) Eﬀects of pressure ratio and separation factor on recovery. (b) Eﬀects of process ﬂow patterns on separation and area. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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