Code No: RR312305

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What are the characteristics of sewage? How do you analyse the various physical and chemical characteristics of sewage? [4+12] 2. What is sedimentation and what is its significance in sewage treatment? [3+13]

3. “Bioremediation is emerging as the most ideal alternative technology for removing environmental pollution”. Justify the statement. [16] 4. Write short notes on: (a) Landfarming (b) Composting. 5. Write notes on any two (a) Bio hydro metallurgy. (b) Biomineralisation. (c) Microbial Minining. 6. What are Biofuels? How these are produced? Explain with examples. 7. Write a detailed account on biodegradation of Xenobiotics? 8. Write short notes on any two: (a) Cyanide detoxination (b) Role of Oxalates (c) Toxic organics. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [3+8+5] [16] [8+8] [8+8] [8+8]

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Code No: RR312305

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is sewage? Explain in detail the various processes that are employed in the treatment of municipal sewage. [3+13] 2. Write short notes on (any two): (a) Sludge digestion. (b) Sludge thickening. (c) Septic tank. 3. Write a note on bioremediation of polluted sites. 4. Write short notes on: (a) Soil piles. (b) Prepared beds. 5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using microbes in metal recovery? [16] 6. What is biogas? What are its characteristics? Name and explain stages in its production along with the groups of bacteria responsible? [2+6+8] 7. Write a detailed account on biodegradation of Xenobiotics? 8. Write short notes on any two: (a) Biodegradation of pesticides (b) Biodegradation of Toxic organics (c) Biodegradation of phenol compounds ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16] [8+8] [16] [8+8] [8+8]

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Code No: RR312305

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Discuss the characteristics of wastewater? Explain the various biological processes used in the treatment of wastewater. [8+8] 2. What are the functions of the following units in sewage treatment: (a) Septic tank (b) Imhoff tank 3. Explain how environmental pollutant levels can be reduced by bioremediation methods. [16] 4. Write short notes on: (a) Landfarming (b) Composting. 5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using microbes in metal recovery? [16] 6. Describe the applications of different biofuels? Write the scope of using them as renewable energy sources. [10+6] 7. Write a detailed account on biodegradation of Xenobiotics? [16] [8+8] [8+8]

8. Detoxification of xenobiotics is achieved by using biological methods what are the methods. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR312305

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What is sewage? Explain in detail the various processes that are employed in the treatment of municipal sewage. [3+13] 2. What is sedimentation and what is its significance in sewage treatment? 3. Write a note on bioremediation of polluted sites. 4. Write short notes on: (a) Bioventing and Biosparging. (b) Phytoremediation. 5. How are low grade Ores used for metal extraction using bacteria? [16] [3+13] [16] [8+8]

6. What are the non conventional renewable energy sources? Why it is necessary to find new energy sources? Explain. [4+5+7] 7. Write a detailed account on biodegradation of Xenobiotics? [16]

8. Explain the various biotechnological approaches of hazardous waste management? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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