Code No: RR410106

Set No.1

IV B.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February -2007 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) What are the objectives of conducting EIA? What are the advantages and disadvantages? [8] (b) Write briefly about Initial Environment Examination and the main step in the EIA process. [8] 2. List the EIA methods and write in detail about checklist methods. [6+10]

3. Describe how to conduct a qualitative analysis for ground-water impact prediction, writing about the various processes that affect the constituent in ground water. [16] 4. (a) What are the environmental effects on surface water bodies which result from development projects? [8] (b) Describe briefly how impact prediction is done for these environmental changes. [8] 5. Describe a systematic approach for evaluating biological impacts of engineering projects. [16] 6. Explain the following techniques for carrying out impact assesment on air quality: (a) Mass balance method (b) Box-model approach. [8+8]

7. What are the different stages of environmental audit? Describe in detail. [6+10] 8. Write short notes on any THREE: (a) Classification of environmental parameters (b) Source of air pollution and their harmful effects. (c) Types of environmental audit. (d) Causes and effects of deforestation. [16]

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Code No: RR410106

Set No.2

IV B.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February -2007 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) What is the need for carrying out EIA and what are the objectives? (b) List and write briefly about the elements of tahe EIA process.

[8] [8]

2. Write a note on the criteria for selection of EIA methodology and also the important characteristics that each technique should have. [16] 3. Explain briefly the following for analysing a development project and its environmental impact. (a) Overlay methods (b) Cost-benefit analysis. 4. Explain in detail the relation between land use and water quality. 5. (a) What are the different kinds of vegetative communities? [8+8] [16] [6]

(b) Describe how deforestation occurs and what are the problems caused? Suggest a suitable strategy for management of forests. [10] 6. (a) What are the main sources of air pollution? How do they affect human health and cause climatic changes? [10] (b) Describe a general approach for assessment of air pollution impact. 7. List and describe briefly the various types of environmental audits. 8. Write short notes on any THREE: (a) Preparation of environmental base map. (b) Mitigation measures for impact on soil quality (c) Post-audit activities (d) Impact of engineering projects on surface water bodies. [16] [6] [16]

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Code No: RR410106

Set No.3

IV B.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February -2007 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Explain the step by step systematic approach for conducting EIA and using it as a planning tool for major development projects. [16] 2. (a) Write in detail about the procedure for selection alternatives from an EIA study. [10] (b) How is trade-off analysis used in selection from alternative proposals? [6]

3. What are the different activities which will have an impact on soil and groundwater? In what ways such activities affect the quality and quality of soil and ground water? [10+6] 4. (a) What are the main sources of water pollution and their general characteristics? (b) What are the parameters for testing quality of water? Describe briefly. [10+6] 5. Write some of the major biological impacts which result from engineering projects and suggest some mitigation measures for the same. [8+8] 6. (a) What are the main sources of air pollution? How do they affect human health and damage materials? [8] (b) What are the components of mitigation/remedial plan to reduce adverse impact of engineering projects on the quality of air? [8] 7. (a) What do you understand by the term “environmental audit”? Explain in detail, bringing out objectives, advantages and disadvantages. [10] (b) Write about post-audit activities. 8. Write short notes on any THREE: (a) Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act. (b) Causes and effects of deforestation (c) Preparation of environmental base map. (d) Approach for assessment of Air Pollution impact. [16] [6]

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Code No: RR410106

Set No.4

IV B.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February -2007 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) What is the purpose of conducting EIA? For what kind of projects generally it should be done? [8] (b) List some of the typical changes in the environment and on humans that are caused by major projects. [8] 2. (a) List the various EIA methodologies and bring out a comparative statement of the advantages and disadvantages of each. [10] (b) Write about adhoc methods used for EIA and in what type of projects are they useful? [6] 3. How is Study Area delineated for the purpose of impact assessment? Explain how the various factors affect the delineation. [16] 4. (a) What type of development projects create impact on surface water bodies? Explain. [10] (b) Describe the parameters for testing water quality. [6] 5. (a) What do you understand by biodiversity and what are the different components of it? [8] (b) Write some basic principles for protection of biodiversity in an ecosystem. [8] 6. Explain the following air quality dispersion models: (a) Area Source Model (b) Computer models. [8+8]

7. (a) Write a brief note on the objectives and need for environmental audit. (b) Explain the following: i. Preparation of audit report ii. Post audit activities. [8+4+4] 8. Write short notes on any THREE: (a) (b) (c) (d) Sources of air pollution Causes and effects of deforestation The water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act Cost/Benefit Analysis.

[16]

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