Code No: RR410111

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 GROUND IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) List the objectives of compacting soil and explain the purpose compaction. [8+8] (b) What are the strategies developed for optimizing the densification process? 2. Explain in detail sand drain method of ground improvement technique. How does it improves the soil characteristics? [16] 3. (a) What is grouting? Explain in detail the methods of grouting? (b) Explain in detail various field of applications of grouting. 4. (a) Explain the basic mechanism of reinforced Earth. [8+8] (b) How is soil selected in reinforced earth application? What are the popular reinforcing materials? Explain briefly. 5. What are the different tests conducted on Geotextile materials and what properties are evaluated from these tests. Explain any one test procedure. [16] 6. (a) Distinguish clearly Expansive soils from soft clays. (b) State and discuss the problems caused due to Expansive Soils. 7. Find the proportions of the materials A, B, and C by the Rothfuch?s method so that the mixtures may approximate to the desired grading using the data given below. [16] I.S.Sieve 40mm 20mm 10mm 4.75mm 2.36mm 425micron 75micron Desired Grading 100 85-100 65-100 55-85 40-70 25-45 10-25 % Passing Materials A Materials B 95 – 70 – 21 – 11 100 7 85 2 55 Trace Nill [8+8] [8+8]

Materials C – – – – – – 100

8. What is soil stabilization? And what are the different methods of soil stabilization? Explain. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

Code No: RR410111

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 GROUND IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain the terms Vibro-Compaction and Vibro-Replacement, highlighting the typical characteristics and the relative effectiveness of both the terms. [16] 2. What other design or construction alternatives would be considered besides soil improvement such as compaction in order to overcome a difficult foundation problem? Explain in detail. [16] 3. (a) Explain in detail soil stabilisation by grouting? (b) Describe the equipment used in grouting technique. 4. (a) Explain the components of reinforced earth. [8+8] (b) State and explain the factors governing the design of reinforced earth wall? 5. (a) List the major functions that the Geotextiles are intended to perform. [8+8] (b) Explain how Geotextiles can be used as separators. 6. (a) What is a CNS material or layer? What materials are suitable to be used as this CNS material? [8+8] (b) What advantages can be derived by using CNS layer or material in the construction of foundations. 7. (a) Explain Rothfutch‘s graphical method of mixing aggregates. [8+8] [8+8]

(b) Explain in detail Laboratory compaction test? Give the typical data obtained in this test and give computational steps and interpretation of the results. 8. Describe in detail the engineering benefits of lime modification of soils. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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Code No: RR410111

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 GROUND IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) List the objectives of compacting soil and explain the purpose compaction. [8+8] (b) What are the strategies developed for optimizing the densification process? 2. What other design or construction alternatives would be considered besides soil improvement such as compaction in order to overcome a difficult foundation problem? Explain in detail. [16] 3. (a) Describe different grouting techniques depending upon the stabiliser used? [8+8] (b) Write a note on suspension and solution grouting. 4. (a) Explain the basic mechanism of reinforced Earth. [8+8]

(b) How is soil selected in reinforced earth application? What are the popular reinforcing materials? Explain briefly. 5. (a) Out line a general procedure for placing the Geotextile fabrics for reinforcing the road sub grades. [8+8] (b) How does the geotextile increase the bearing capacity of foundation soil? 6. (a) Based on the swelling pressure of different clays, how do you judge the expansive nature of these clay soils. [8+8] (b) Describe the procedures for determining the swelling pressure of clays as per I.S procedure. 7. (a) Discuss briefly, how the Proctor Needle can be used in the field compaction control. [8+8] (b) Discuss in detail about the selection of field compaction procedure. 8. What is soil stabilization? And what are the different methods of soil stabilization? Explain. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410111

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 GROUND IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) List the objectives of compacting soil and explain the purpose compaction. [8+8] (b) What are the strategies developed for optimizing the densification process? 2. Explain in detail sand drain method of ground improvement technique. How does it improves the soil characteristics? [16] 3. (a) What is grouting? Explain in detail the methods of grouting? (b) Explain in detail various field of applications of grouting. 4. (a) Explain the components of reinforced earth. [8+8] (b) State and explain the factors governing the design of reinforced earth wall? 5. (a) List the major functions that the Geotextiles are intended to perform. [8+8] (b) Explain how Geotextiles can be used as separators. 6. (a) Discuss the consequences of swelling on structures. (b) Discuss and state how these two parameters. i. swelling potential and ii. plasticity index are related. 7. What is meant by dynamic compaction? Explain in detail the procedure of conducting laboratory test of compaction. [16] 8. (a) Define the term soil stabilization. (b) What are the broad classification of soil Stabilization. (c) What is the purpose of soil stabilization. (d) State the different techniques available. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [4X4=16] [8+8] [8+8]

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