# Code No: RR410202

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 POWER SEMI CONDUCTOR DRIVES (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the assumptions made while doing the steady-state performance of the converter fed dc drives. Justify your answers. (b) Explain the use of freewheeling diode in the converter fed dc drives. Take an example of 1-phase fully controlled converter for explanation. How it is going to aﬀect the machine performance? [8+8] 2. (a) What is a dual converter? Explain the principle of operation of a dual converter in circulating current mode. How the same is used for speed control of dc drive. (b) A 230v separately excited dc motor takes 50A at a speed of 800rpm. It has armature resistance of 0.4Ω. This motor is controlled by a chopper with an input voltage of 230v and frequency of 500Hz. Assuming continuous condition throughout, calculate and plot speed-torque characteristics for: i. Motoring operation at duty ratios of 0.3 and 0.6. ii. Regenerative braking operation at duty ratios of 0.7 and 0.4. [8+8] 3. (a) Deduce the mathematical expression for minimum and maximum currents for a class A chopper operated dc motor with back emf. (b) A 220v, 24A, 1000rpm separately excited dc motor having an armature resistance of 2Ω is controlled by a chopper. The chopping frequency is 500Hz and the input voltage is 230v. Calculate the duty ratio for a motor torque of 1.2 times rated torque at 500rpm. [8+8] 4. (a) Why stator voltage control is an ineﬃcient method of Induction motor speed control? (b) A 3 KW, 400V, 50Hz, 4 pole, 1370 RPM, Y-connected Induction motor has the following parameters. RS = 2Ω, Rr = 5Ω, XS = Xr = 3Ω. Load characteristics are matched with motor such that motor runs at 1370 RPM with full voltage across its terminals. The motor is controlled by terminal voltage control and load torque is proportional to speed. Calculate the motor terminal voltage and current at half the rated speed. [8+8] 5. A three phase, 4 pole, 18 KW, 300V, star connected Induction motor is driven at 50 Hz by a six step voltage source inverter supplied from a DC supply of 200V. The motor equivalent circuit parameters for 50 Hz operation are 1 of 2

Code No: RR410202

Set No. 1

R1 = 0.1Ω, R2 = 0.17Ω, Xl = 0.3Ω, X2 = 0.5Ω, Xm = large. Calculate the harmonic torques due to the 5th and 7th harmonic currents. Show that, for operation at 1450 RPM, 50 Hz, the harmonic torques are negligible. [16] 6. A 440V, 50Hz, 50kW, 3-phase slip ring induction motor has the following equivalent circuit parameters R1 = 0.07Ω, R2 ’ = 0.05Ω, X1 + X2 ’ = 0.2Ω, X0 = 20Ω. The speed of the motor at rated load is 1420rpm. Determine the resistance in the chopper circuit so that the speed can be controlled in the range 1420 - 1000rpm at constant torque. Determine the time ratio for (a) 1100rpm, (b) 750rpm and (c) 500rpm. [16]

7. Describe CSI fed and VSI fed synchronous motor drives in detail with block diagrams and compare them. [16] 8. Draw the block diagram of a closed loop synchronous motor drive fed from VSI and explain. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410202

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 POWER SEMI CONDUCTOR DRIVES (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is 4-quadrant operation and explain with converters. (b) Give a simple circuit for the speed control of a dc separately excited motor. [8+8] 2. A 220v, 970 rpm, 100A dc separately excited motor has an armature resistance of 0.05Ω. It is braked by plugging from an initial speed of 1000rpm. Calculate (a) Resistance to be placed in armature circuit to limit braking current to twice the full load value. (b) Braking torque and (c) Torque when the speed has fallen to zero. 3. (a) Discuss with the suitable diagrams I quadrant and II quadrant choppers. (b) A constant frequency TRC system is used for the speed control of dc series traction motor from 220v dc supply. The motor is having armature and series ﬁeld resistance of 0.025Ω and 0.015Ω respectively. The average current in the circuit is 125A and the chopper frequency is 200Hz. Calculate the pulse width if the average value of back emf is 60 volts. [8+8] 4. A 3 phase, 8 pole, 50Hz Induction motor has the following parameter r2 = 0.15ohm, X2 = 0.7ohm The motor speed is controlled by varying the applied voltage by an AC Voltage Controller, which operates from a 380V, 50 Hz supply. Determine the applied voltage per phase of the motor to have a slip of 0.15. The motor drives a load with a characteristic of T1 = 0.014ω 2 Nw-m Determine the ﬁring angle of the Converter. [16] 5. A three phase, 4 pole, 18 KW, 300V, star connected Induction motor is driven at 50 Hz by a six step voltage source inverter supplied from a DC supply of 200V. The motor equivalent circuit parameters for 50 Hz operation are R1 = 0.1Ω, R2 = 0.17Ω, Xl = 0.3Ω, X2 = 0.5Ω, Xm = large. Calculate the harmonic torques due to the 5th and 7th harmonic currents. Show that, for operation at 1450 RPM, 50 Hz, the harmonic torques are negligible. [16] 6. A 400V, 50Hz, 40kW, 3-phase induction motor is used as the drive motor having the following parameters R1 = 0.067Ω, R2 ’ = 0.04Ω, R0 = 50Ω, X0 = 20Ω. X1 + X2 ’ = 0.2Ω. The SER drive is to be used for the speed control of a constant torque load over the speed range 1000-1420rpm. Conventional starting equipment is used 1 of 2 [16]

Code No: RR410202

Set No. 2

to drive the motor to 1000rpm when it is switched to SER control. Determine the necessary range of SCR ﬁring angles, eﬃciency and power factor at 1420rpm. [16] 7. Discuss the CSI method of speed control of synchronous motor and describe the operation of the converter with waveforms. [16] 8. Draw the block diagram of a closed loop synchronous motor drive fed from VSI and explain. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410202

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 POWER SEMI CONDUCTOR DRIVES (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. A single-phase fully controlled thyristor converter is supplying a dc separately excited dc motor. Draw the neat waveform diagrams and explain various operating modes of the drive both in motoring and regenerative braking for (a) γ < α, (b) γ > α, where α: is the ﬁring angle, γ: is the angle at which the source voltage equal to the motor back emf. Assume the armature of the separately excited dc motor can be replaced by simple R-L and back emf load. [16] 2. Describe the relative merits and demerits of the following types of braking for dc motors: mechanical braking, dynamic braking and regenerative braking with neat diagram. [16] 3. (a) Derive the expressions for average motor current, current Imax and Imin and average torque for chopper-fed dc separately excited motor. (b) A dc chopper controls the speed of a separately excited motor. The armature resistance is Ra =0.05Ω. The back emf constant is Kv =1.527v/A-rad/s. The rated ﬁeld current is If = 2.5A. The dc input voltage to the chopper is Vs= 600v. If it is required to maintain a constant developed torque of Td = 547N-m, plot the motor speed against the duty cycle k of the chopper. [8+8] 4. What is an AC Voltage Controller? Explain with suitable diagrams the various types of solid state 3 phase AC Voltages Controllers which can be used for speed control of 3 phase Induction motors from stator side. Mention the advantages of the AC Voltages Controllers over the other methods of solid-state speed control techniques of 3 phase Induction motor. [16] 5. Discuss in detail the role of Cyclo converters for speed control of Induction motor. Draw neat circuit diagram for speed control of 3 phase Induction motor using Cyclo converters. Mention the merits and limitations of the above scheme. [16] 6. An 8 pole, 50Hz, 380V, star connected induction motor has a star connected slip ring rotor. The stator / rotor turns ratio is 1.25. The speed of the motor is controlled by a converter cascade in the rotor circuit. Determine the ﬁring angles of the inverter to get 600rpm and 400rpm at no load. The inverter is connected to a 380V, 3-phase system. Assume no over lap in the rectiﬁer as well as in the inverter . What is the minimum possible speed. [16]

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Code No: RR410202

Set No. 3

7. A 500 kW, 3-phase, 6.6 kV, 60 Hz, 6-pole, Y-connected wound-ﬁeld synchronous motor has the following parameters: Xm = 78, Xsf = 3, rated pf = 1, n = 5, Rs = negligible. The motor speed is controlled by variable frequency control with a constant V/f ratio up to base speed and rated terminal voltage above base speed. Calculate and plot T, Pm , V, Im , and IF versus speed for the motor operation at rated armature current and unity pf. What is the range of constant power operation? Neglect friction, windage and core loss. Draw motor characteristics and waveforms under the above method of control. [16] 8. Describe the open-loop and closed loop methods of speed control of a synchronous motor using VSI. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410202

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 POWER SEMI CONDUCTOR DRIVES (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) A DC shunt motor operating from a 1 φ half controlled bridge at a speed of 1450 rpm has an input voltage 330 Sin 314t and a back emf 75V. The SCRs are ﬁred symmetrically at α = π /3 in every half cycle and the armature has a resistance of 5 Ω. Neglecting armature inductance, ﬁnd the average armature current and the torque. (b) Sketch the speed-torque characteristics for the above problem. [10+6]

2. Describe the relative merits and demerits of the following types of braking for dc motors: mechanical braking, dynamic braking and regenerative braking with neat diagram. [16] 3. (a) Distinguish between class A and class B choppers with suitable examples of speed control of motors. (b) A 220v, 190A dc series motor has armature and ﬁeld resistance’s of 0.03 and 0.02Ω respectively. Running on no load as a generator with ﬁeld wining connected to a separate source it gave following magnetization characteristic at 500rpm. Field current , A 40 80 120 160 200 Terminal Voltage, v 52 108 148 176 189 Motor is controlled by a chopper in dynamic braking with a braking resistance of 2Ω. i. Calculate motor speed for a duty ratio of 0.6 and motor current of 160A. ii. What will be the motor speed for a duty ratio of 0.75 and motor torque equal to half of rated torque? [8+8] 4. What is an AC Voltage Controller? Explain with suitable diagrams the various types of solid state 3 phase AC Voltages Controllers which can be used for speed control of 3 phase Induction motors from stator side. Mention the advantages of the AC Voltages Controllers over the other methods of solid-state speed control techniques of 3 phase Induction motor. [16] 5. (a) Draw and explain the speed torque curves with variable frequency control for two diﬀerent modes. i. Operation at constant ﬂux. ii. Operation at constant v/f ratio 1 of 2

Code No: RR410202

Set No. 4
[10+6]

(b) Explain the advantages of variable frequency drives.

6. A 3-phase, 420V, 50Hz, star connected induction motor has the following parameters: R1 = 2.95Ω, R2 ’ = 2.08Ω, X1 = 6.82Ω, X2 ’ = 4.11Ω per phase. Neglect core loss. The motor draws a current 6.7A at no load and controlled by rotor resistance controller. A resistance Re Ω has been controlled by chopper. Determine the value of Re to get a speed range of 1500 to 500 rpm, assuming a turns ratio of two between stator and rotor. The torque and speed of the load are related by T α N. Determine the characteristics giving the speed Vs time ratio of the chopper. [16] 7. How is the output voltage of a VSI improved by PWM techniques? Explain how you will use this converter for speed control of a synchronous motor. [16] 8. Describe self-controlled and load-commutated inverter controlled synchronous motor drives in detail and compare them [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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