Code No: RR410403

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 T.V. ENGINEERING (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) With necessary diagrams, briefly discuss about the camera optics. (b) Draw the construction diagram of a Vidicon camera tube and explain its working principle. [6+10] 2. (a) Sketch the composite video signal for at least 3 successive lines and indicate i. ii. iii. iv. Extreme white level Blanking level Pedestal height Sync pulse level.

(b) With a neat sketch, explain the necessity of pre and post equalization pulses. [8+8] 3. (a) Draw camera outputs for VR , VG , VB for primary and complementary colors. Why and how are the outputs normalized. (b) Explain the significance of color difference signals. Write expressions for R-Y, B-Y and G-Y in terms of R,G,B. [8+8] 4. (a) Explain the block diagram of NTSC decoder. (b) Explain how differential phase error is continuously cancelled in the PAL system. [8+8] 5. (a) Draw block diagram of RF tuner and explain how incoming signals from different stations are translated to common PIF and SIF. (b) What are the factors that influence the choice of IF in TV receivers. Explain in brief. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the various subsections of a VHF tuner. (b) What is a feed - through capacitor? Why are such capacitors used for feeding external inputs to the tuners. [10+6] 7. (a) Explain how Ident pulses are obtained and used to control phase and sequence of color sub carrier in 1800 PAL-switch before feeding it to demodulator. (b) Write short notes on color signal matrixing. [10+6]

8. (a) Draw the basic circuit of a sync separator employing transistor and explain with suitable waveforms, how self biasing enables slicing - off of sync pulses. 1 of 2

Code No: RR410403 (b) Describe the basic principle of receiving antenna. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 1
[10+6]

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Code No: RR410403

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 T.V. ENGINEERING (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Justify the selection of 4:3 as the aspect ratio for TV system. (b) Explain how the illusion of continuity is created in TV picture. (c) What is interlaced scanning? Explain how it reduces both bandwidth and flicker. [5+5+6] 2. (a) Explain why ion traps are used in picture tubes. With neat diagrams, discuss about bent gun and diagonal cut tilted lens ion traps. (b) Explain how the electron beam is focused using electrostatic focusing in a pictures tube. [10+6] 3. (a) Sketch the diagram of additive color mixing and state Grassman’s law. (b) With necessary diagrams, explain the encoding of color difference signals. [6+10] 4. (a) Explain the concept of sound signal bandwidth. (b) Draw CCIR TV channel sideband spectrum and explain its details. (c) Explain pre-emphasis and de-emphasis. 5. (a) Explain the block diagram of vertical deflection system. (b) With a neat circuit diagram, explain the operation of a video detector. [8+8] 6. (a) Give schematic diagram of remote control infrared receiver and explain its operation. (b) Draw the block diagram of microcomputer controlled electronic channel selection tuning system. [8+8] 7. (a) Draw the circuit diagram of a burst phase discriminator and explain how it develops a control signal for the reference oscillator. (b) Write short notes on gated burst amplifier. [10+6] [4+6+6]

8. (a) Draw the basic circuit of a sync separator employing transistor and explain with suitable waveforms, how self biasing enables slicing - off of sync pulses. (b) Describe the basic principle of receiving antenna. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [10+6]

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Code No: RR410403

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 T.V. ENGINEERING (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Differentiate between a monochrome and color TV camera tubes. (b) With a construction diagram, explain the working principle of a Plumbicon camera tube. [6+10] 2. (a) With a neat constructional diagram, explain the principle of operation of a B&W TV picture tube. Also indicate the function of each electrode. (b) With a neat sketch explain the transfer characteristics of a picture tube.[10+6] 3. (a) Draw camera outputs for VR , VG , VB for primary and complementary colors. Why and how are the outputs normalized. (b) Explain the significance of color difference signals. Write expressions for R-Y, B-Y and G-Y in terms of R,G,B. [8+8] 4. (a) Why TV transmission is done at frequencies above 40 MHz. Explain line of sight propagation in brief. (b) Draw the circuit diagram of FM modulator employing Varactor diode and explain its operation. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain the block diagram of IF amplifier section of TV receiver. (b) Draw a PLL circuit for automatic frequency control of horizontal oscillator. Explain in brief. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the block diagram of a Varactor tuned VHF tuner. (b) Give the details of balun and filter circuits provided at the input of VHF tuner. [8+8] 7. (a) With a neat circuit diagram explain the working of and Ident and color killer circuits. (b) Write a brief short note on the 1800 PAL-switch. 8. (a) How is the combination IC TDA2578A different from IC CA920? (b) Draw the typical blocking oscillator circuit for feeding driver of the output stage of a small screen B&W receiver and explain its working. [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [10+6]

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Code No: RR410403

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 T.V. ENGINEERING (Electronics & Communication Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) With a neat diagram, explain the importance of interlaced scanning. (b) Define the following terms with respect to TV. i. ii. iii. iv. Aspect ratio Kell factor Vertical resolution Horizontal resolution [8+8]

2. (a) Tabulate the specifications of any two standard picture tubes. (b) Explain why ion traps are used in picture tubes. With neat diagrams explain about ion trap mechanisms. [6+10] 3. (a) Define the following terms: i. ii. iii. iv. Luminance signal Hue Saturation Chrominance signal.

(b) Explain why (G-Y) color difference signal is not used for transmission. [8+8] 4. (a) Discuss about Turnstile and dipole panel antenna systems used in TV transmitters. (b) With a neat sketch, explain how picture and sound signal modulated outputs are combined before feeding to antenna network. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain the block diagram of PAL-D decoder. (b) What are the functions performed by chroma decoder. 6. (a) What are the functions performed by a TV receiver tuner. (b) Explain the block diagram of a Varactor tuned UHF tuner. [8+8] [8+8]

7. (a) With a neat sketch explain how -R, -G and B signals are produced from Y& C signals for driving the picture tube. (b) Explain briefly the operation of color killer circuit. [10+6]

8. (a) Draw the typical circuit of blocking oscillator cum wave shaping circuit designed for obtaining vertical deflection. Explain the operation of ‘hold’ and ‘height’ controls. 1 of 2

Code No: RR410403 (b) What are the elements of digital TV system? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 4
[10+6]

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