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Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TRANSPORT PHENOMENA (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ Note: Use of equations of change is permitted.

1. Write the two parameter and three parameter models for psuedoplastic and dilatant ﬂuids and explain various terms in it. [16] 2. (a) Write short notes on Boundary conditions, their signiﬁcance, importance and selection (b) Write short notes on shell balances. 3. Derive an equation to calculate the eﬃciency of a cooling ﬁn. [16] [16]

4. Air at 270 C ﬂows normal to a 730 C, 30mm o.d. water pipe. The air moves at 1m/s. Estimate the rate of heat transfer per unit length kinematic viscosity=1.624m2/s, Thermal conductivity=0.0261W/mk, Npr for air=0.702 [16] 5. Chlorine is being absorbed from a gas in a small experimental wetted wall tower. The absorbing ﬂuid is water, which is moving with an average velocity of 17.7 cm/sec. What is the absorption rate in g moles / hour if DCl2−H2O = 1.26 ×10−5 cm2 /sec. in the liquid phase and if the saturation concentration of chlorine in water is 0.823 g Cl2 per 100 g of water. Ignore chemical reaction between Cl2 and H2 O. The tower height is 13 cm and radius 1.4 cm. [16] 6. (a) Derive the equation of continuity considering cylindrical co-ordinates. (b) Reduce the equation for incompressible ﬂuids. [14+2] 7. Consider an isothermal incompressible ﬂuid radially between two porous cylindrical shells. Assume steady, axisymmetric, laminar ﬂow and neglect the end eﬀects. (a) Obtain a diﬀerential equation using the equation of motion. (b) Solve the above equation and ﬁnd the raidal pressure distribution along the radius of the pipe. [6+10] 8. At successive equal time intervals of a few milliseconds the following velocities were measured by means of hot wire anemometers at two points 0.05 m apart. νx1 νx2 77 78 75 75 70 73 78 83 81 77 72 74 85 69 80 74 81 79 79 80 80 75

Calculate the mean velocity and the intensity of turbulence (assuming isotropic) at each point. What is the correlation coeﬃcient for the velocities at the two points. [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR410801 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 1

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Code No: RR410801

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TRANSPORT PHENOMENA (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ Note: Use of equations of change is permitted.

1. (a) What is transport phenomena? Write the Newton’s law of viscosity, Fourierslaw of heat conduction and Ficks law of diﬀusivity and explain why these three laws can be considered analogous. (b) A ﬂat plate 15 m long has an edge facing the ﬂow direction. Air is ﬂowing over the plate at 1000 cm/s. The air properties are ρ = 1.32 gm/lit. and µ = 0.018 cp. Calculate the boundary layer thickness at 125 cm from the leading edge. [16] 2. (a) Write short notes on Boundary conditions, their signiﬁcance, importance and selection (b) Write short notes on shell balances. [16]

3. Derive an expression for the temperature distribution in a viscous ﬂuid in steady laminar ﬂow between large ﬂat parallel plates. Both plates are maintained at constant temperature. Neglect the temperature dependence of viscosity and thermal conductivity. [16] 4. Two vertical plates are spaced 6mm apart. One is maintained at 1000 C and the other at 200 C. Air is ﬂowing between plates at a pressure of 1atmosphere and you may assume that the volumetric ﬂow of upward moving stream is same as that of downward moving stream. Evaluate average velocity of air if µ = 2 × 10−6 poise. [16] 5. Sulphuric acid is diﬀusivity through water at 25C. The concentrations of the acid at planes separated by a distance of 3 cm are 10 and 5-weight percentage respectively. Calculate. The total mass transfer rate. The transfer rate by bulk ﬂow only between these two planes. Diﬀusivity of sulphuric acid at 250 C is 0.6 × 10−5 m2/hr The density of the acid solution can be assumed to be the same as that of water. [16] 6. Explain the following: (a) The partial time derivative (b) Total time derivative 1 of 2

Code No: RR410801 (c) Substantial time derivative (d) Navier-stokes equation

Set No. 2

[4×4=16]

7. A Stormer viscosity consists essentially of two concentric cylinders, the inner of which rotates while the outer is held stationary. Viscosity is determined by measuring the rate of rotation of the inner cylinder under the application of a known torque. Develop an expression for the velocity distribution in this kind of apparatus, as a function of applied torque, for laminar ﬂow of a Newtonian ﬂuid. [16] 8. Explain the turbulent momentum ﬂux (tensor), turbulent energy ﬂux (vector) and turbulent mass ﬂux (vector). [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR410801

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TRANSPORT PHENOMENA (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ Note: Use of equations of change is permitted.

1. Two parallel plates spaced at 0.025 m apart contain a psuedoplastic ﬂuid for which the model is given by τ = 1.2(-dvx /dy)0.8 . The bottom plate moves with a velocity of 1m/min and the other plate moves in the opposite direction at a rate of 15 m/min. Find the velocity of the ﬂuid at distances of 0.4, 0.8 and 1.6 cm from the bottom plate and draw the velocity proﬁle. [16] 2. (a) Write short notes on Boundary conditions, their signiﬁcance, importance and selection (b) Write short notes on shell balances. [16]

3. Show that the temperature distribution in a sphere of radius R made of a homogeneous material in which energy is released at a uniform rate per unit volume Q is T (r) = T 0 +

QR2 6k r 1 − ( R )2

[16]

4. Two vertical plates are spaced 6mm apart. One is maintained at 1000 C and the other at 200 C. Air is ﬂowing between plates at a pressure of 1atmosphere and you may assume that the volumetric ﬂow of upward moving stream is same as that of downward moving stream. Evaluate average velocity of air if µ = 2 × 10−6 poise. [16] 5. Air at 298 K ﬂows over a streamlined naphthalene body. Naphthalene sublimes into air and its vapor pressure is 20 mmHg. The heat transfer coeﬃcient for the same shape and air velocity is 22 W/m2 0 C The concentration of naphthalene in the bulk of the air stream is negligibly small. The mean diﬀusivity of naphthalene in air is 0.02873 m2 hr. Calculate the mass transfer coeﬃcient and mass ﬂux for the system. At 1000 C the properties of air are ρ = 0.946 kg/m3 . Cp =1.0009 KJ/kg 0 C. K=3.2× 10−2 W/m0 C Kinematic viscosity = 23 × 10−6 m2 /s [16] 6. (a) Derive the equation of continuity considering cylindrical co-ordinates. (b) Reduce the equation for incompressible ﬂuids. [14+2]

7. A Stormer viscosity consists essentially of two concentric cylinders, the inner of which rotates while the outer is held stationary. Viscosity is determined by measuring the rate of rotation of the inner cylinder under the application of a known torque. Develop an expression for the velocity distribution in this kind of apparatus, as a function of applied torque, for laminar ﬂow of a Newtonian ﬂuid. [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR410801 8. Explain the following theories: (a) Bonssinesq’s eddy viscosity (b) Prandtl’s Mixing length (c) Von Karman’s similarity Hypothesis. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 3

[6+6+4]

2 of 2

Code No: RR410801

Set No. 4

1. (a) Discuss the variation of transport properties with temperature and pressure. (b) Write the analogies between mass and momentum transfer. [10+6]

2. (a) Write short notes on Boundary conditions, their signiﬁcance, importance and selection (b) Write short notes on shell balances. [16]

3. A gas A dissolves in liquid B and diﬀuses into the liquid phase . as it diﬀuses, A also undergoes an irreversible ﬁrst order reaction A + B - - - → AB. From the mass balance equation ﬁnd out the concentration distribution along the thickness of the ﬁlm. [16] 4. Two vertical plates are spaced 6mm apart. One is maintained at 1000 C and the other at 200 C. Air is ﬂowing between plates at a pressure of 1atmosphere and you may assume that the volumetric ﬂow of upward moving stream is same as that of downward moving stream. Evaluate average velocity of air if µ = 2 × 10−6 poise. [16] 5. Sulphuric acid is diﬀusivity through water at 25C. The concentrations of the acid at planes separated by a distance of 3 cm are 10 and 5-weight percentage respectively. Calculate. The total mass transfer rate. The transfer rate by bulk ﬂow only between these two planes. Diﬀusivity of sulphuric acid at 250 C is 0.6 × 10−5 m2/hr The density of the acid solution can be assumed to be the same as that of water. [16] 6. Explain the following: (a) The partial time derivative (b) Total time derivative (c) Substantial time derivative (d) Navier-stokes equation [4×4=16]

7. Consider two concentric porous spherical shells of radii kR and R where kR is the radius of the inner porous sphere and R is the radius of the outer porous sphere. 1 of 2

Code No: RR410801

Set No. 4

The outer surface of the inner one is at T1 and the outer surface of the outer one is at a lower temperature Tk. Dry air at a temperature Tk is blown outward radially from the inner shell into the intervening space and out through the outer shell. Develop an expression for the required rate of heat removal from the inner sphere as a function of the mass rate of ﬂow of gas. Assume steady laminar ﬂow and low gas velocity. Use both the equation of continuity and equation of energy. [16] 8. Explain the following theories: (a) Bonssinesq’s eddy viscosity (b) Prandtl’s Mixing length (c) Von Karman’s similarity Hypothesis. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [6+6+4]

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