Code No: RR410804

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What are synthetic organic compounds? Discuss their effects on receiving streams. [16] 2. The ultimate BOD for a waste is 350mg/l. For values of k1 equal to 0.23,0.345,0.46 and 0.690/d, plot the BOD curve as a function of time. Find the 5 day BOD in each case. [16] 3. Describe the method to predict ground level concentration of a pollutant being discharged from a stationary continuous source through a stack. [16] 4. (a) What are the types of control equipment used for the control of particulate matter? (b) Explain the mechanism for the removal of particulate matter using gravitational settling? [8+8] 5. With a neat flow diagram explain the removal of sulfur from fuel oil using Hydro-de sulphurization process. [16] 6. Describe briefly the sources of air pollution in a fertilizer plant. Make a list of specific pollutants in the emissions from each source. [16] 7. Outline the design procedure for complete treatment of effluent from a fermentation unit based on “ Activated sludge” process. Show the overall process flow diagram of the system. [16] 8. (a) What type of pollutants can be removed in primary and tertiary treatment process? (b) Enlist advantages of reverse osmosis. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR410804

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What are the ill effects of land disposal of industrial effluent? Explain in detail. [16] 2. (a) Why oxygen is in demand in sewage? (b) Deduce an expression for BOD with time. 3. (a) Explain adiabatic lapse rate? (b) Explain the atmospheric circulation pattern when dust domes occur? (c) Describe briefly the pollutant -wind correlation? 4. (a) What are cyclones? Under which conditions cyclones are used i. in series and ii. in parallel? (b) What possible effects, the following parametric changes may have on the cyclone collection efficiency? i. ii. iii. iv. Increase in inlet dust concentration, Increase in inlet velocity, Increase in inlet area / cylinder area and Larger diameter and penetration of the vortex finder? [5+5+6] [8+8]

[8+8]

5. Removal of sulphurdioxide by adopting Absorption of sulphur dioxide in Magnesium Oxide. [16] 6. Describe briefly the sources of air pollution in a fertilizer plant. Make a list of specific pollutants in the emissions from each source. [16] 7. Discuss the various modified forms of activated sludge process. [16]

8. Discuss Salient features of carbon adsorption method for pollution abatement. Give suitable example of its application in various process industries. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410804

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What are the ill effects of land disposal of industrial effluent? Explain in detail. [16] 2. (a) Why is 5 day 200 c BOD taken as the standard in a BOD test? (b) What is meant by ‘seed’ ? What is its significance in BODtest? 3. (a) Define the terms Cold front and Warm front? (b) Explain how temperature inversions are caused? (c) Give the importance of ventilation coefficient in measuring atmospheric dispersion? [5+6+5] 4. (a) With the help of a sketch describe the principle and working of the fabric filters? (b) Give the various operational problems faced with fabric filters? [8+8] [8+8]

5. With a neat flow diagram explain the removal of sulfur from fuel oil using Hydro-de sulphurization process. [16] 6. Describe the biological effluent treatment system for an organic chemical Industry with a neat flow sheet. [16] 7. Outline the design procedure for complete treatment of effluent from a fermentation unit based on “ Activated sludge” process. Show the overall process flow diagram of the system. [16] 8. Discuss Salient features of carbon adsorption method for pollution abatement. Give suitable example of its application in various process industries. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410804

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What are the ill effects of land disposal of industrial effluent? Explain in detail. [16] 2. (a) In general, it can be stated that the COD of sewage is higher than its BOD Give reasons. (b) The BOD of a sewage incubated for one day at 300 C is found to be 100 mg/l. What will be the 5-day BOD at 200 C ? Assume the deoxygenation constant as 0.1 at 200 C. [8+8] 3. (a) A coal fired boiler burns 8 tons of coal (containing 5% sulphur) h and discharges through stack, the effluent gases containing sulphur dioxide. The effective stack height is 175m while the wind speed at the top of the stack is 5 m/s. When the atmosphere is unstable (category-C), estimate i. Maximum ground level concentrations at the cross section of the stack ii. at 4 km downwind distance. (b) Explain the fixed box model briefly? [10+6]

4. (a) What are the types of control equipment used for the control of particulate matter? (b) Explain the mechanism for the removal of particulate matter using gravitational settling? [8+8] 5. Explain in brief the removal of NOx from flue gases by catalytic reduction. List the metals, which act as most effective catalysts. [16] 6. (a) What are the various types of gaseous emissions expected from a fertilizer industry? (b) Describe the options available for treatment of gaseous effluents. [8+8]

7. Draw a flow diagram of a sewage treatment plant using high rate trickling filter. [16] 8. Compare Carbon adsorption method with ion exchange method. Suggest suitable strategy in recommending one of them. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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