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Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROCESS MODELLING & SIMULATION (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Deﬁne the equations and notations for Dalton’s law, Raoult’s law and relative volatility of an ideal vapour-liquid equilibrium system. [16] 2. Write the component continuity equations for the following reactions taking place in a CSTR (continuous stirred-tank reactor): (a) Simultaneous reactions (ﬁrst-order, isothermal) k1 k2 A→B A→C (b) Reversible (ﬁrst-order, isothermal) A→B ←

k2 k1

State the assumptions made and explain the nomenclature used.

[16]

3. A ﬁrst order irreversible exothermic reaction A → B occurs in a series of three perfectly mixed CSTRs. Feed enters the ﬁrst reactor and product leaves the third reactor. Derive the mass balance and component continuity equations considering isothermal and constant holdups. Assume constant density for the system, which is a binary mixture of A and B. [16] 4. For a jacketed Batch reactor derive the equations for Heating and cooling phase. [16] 5. Develop the dynamic modeling equations for ideal binary distillation column. [16] 6. The height h of a liquid in a gravity ﬂow tank and the liquid velocity v leaving through the outlet of the tank are given by the following equations. dv/dt = ph − qv 2 dh/dt = r − sv where p,q,r and s are constants. Explain the procedure to solve these equations for v and h by fourth order Runge − Kutta method. [16] 7. Develop a mathematical model for a simple gravity ﬂow tank into which an incompressible liquid is pumped at a variable ﬂow rate of Fo (m3 /s) .This inﬂow rate can vary with time because of changes in operations upstream The height of the liquid in the vertical cylindrical is h (m) .The ﬂow rate out of the tank is F (m3 /s).Discuss the Newton-Raphson algorithms for solving the modeled equations. [16] 8. Discuss the general “Newton - Rapshan” algorithm to determine the bubble point temperature for a binary system of components 1 and 2. Assume the system is ideal, Raoult’s and Dalton’s laws are applicable. [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR410805 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 1

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Code No: RR410805

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROCESS MODELLING & SIMULATION (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Write (a) Total continuity equation (mass balance) (b) Component continuity equation (component balance) and (c) Energy equation. Explain the notation scheme used and state the assumptions made clearly. [16] 2. Write the component continuity equations for the following reactions taking place in a CSTR (continuous stirred-tank reactor): (a) Simultaneous reactions (ﬁrst-order, isothermal) k1 k2 A→B A→C (b) Reversible (ﬁrst-order, isothermal) A→B ←

k2 k1

State the assumptions made and explain the nomenclature used.

[16]

3. A mixture of two immiscible liquids is fed into a decanter. The heavier liquid α settles to the bottom of the tank. The lighter liquid β forms a layer on the top. The two interfaces are detected by ﬂoats and are controlled by manipulating the two ﬂows Fα and Fβ . Fα = Kα hα Fβ = Kβ ( hα + hβ ) The controllers increase or decrease the ﬂows as the levels rise or fall. The total feed rate is FO . The weight fraction of liquid α in the feed is xα . The two densities ρα and ρβ are constant. Write the equations describing the dynamic behavior of this system as shown in the (ﬁgure1). [16] 4. Explain the steady state model and thermal equilibrium model for LPG vaporiser with a neat diagram. [16] 5. Develop the dynamic modeling equations for ideal binary distillation column. [16] 6. Explain the following convergence methods (a) False Position 1 of 2

Code No: RR410805

Set No. 2

Figure 1: (b) Explicit Convergence methods. [16]

7. Develop a mathematical model and explain elaborately the Newton - Raphson algorithm to simulate the gravity ﬂow tank into which an incompressible liquid is pumped at a variable rate Fo for the two diﬀerent initial conditions of ﬂow and the liquid level in the tank: (a) when the initial ﬂow rate is 50% of the design rate (b) when the initial ﬂow rate is 67% of the design rate. [16]

8. Discuss the general “Newton - Rapshan” algorithm to determine the bubble point temperature for a binary system of components 1 and 2. Assume the system is ideal, Raoult’s and Dalton’s laws are applicable. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR410805

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROCESS MODELLING & SIMULATION (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Write (a) Total continuity equation (mass balance) (b) Component continuity equation (component balance) and (c) Energy equation. Explain the notation scheme used and state the assumptions made clearly. [16] 2. Write the component continuity equations for the following reactions taking place in a CSTR (continuous stirred-tank reactor): (a) Simultaneous reactions (ﬁrst-order, isothermal) k2 k1 A→B A→C (b) Reversible (ﬁrst-order, isothermal) A→B ←

k2 k1

State the assumptions made and explain the nomenclature used.

[16]

3. A mixture of two immiscible liquids is fed into a decanter. The heavier liquid α settles to the bottom of the tank. The lighter liquid β forms a layer on the top. The two interfaces are detected by ﬂoats and are controlled by manipulating the two ﬂows Fα and Fβ . Fα = Kα hα Fβ = Kβ ( hα + hβ ) The controllers increase or decrease the ﬂows as the levels rise or fall. The total feed rate is FO . The weight fraction of liquid α in the feed is xα . The two densities ρα and ρβ are constant. Write the equations describing the dynamic behavior of this system as shown in the (ﬁgure1). [16] 4. Explain the steady state model and thermal equilibrium model for LPG vaporiser with a neat diagram. [16] 5. Derive the equations describing the multicomponent Batch distillation column with constant hold up. [16]

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Code No: RR410805

Set No. 3

Figure 1: 6. The height h of a liquid in a gravity ﬂow tank and the liquid velocity v leaving through the outlet of the tank are given by the following equations. dv/dt = ph − qv 2 dh/dt = r − sv where p,q,r and s are constants. Explain the procedure to solve these equations for v and h by fourth order Runge − Kutta method. [16] 7. Develop a mathematical model and discuss the general algorithm by Euler method for a perfectly mixed tank in which the reactant A gives B at a speciﬁc rate constant k1 , at the same time B gives C with a rate constant k2 as per the reaction. A → B → C. [16] 8. Discuss the general “Newton - Rapshan” algorithm to determine the bubble point temperature for a binary system of components 1 and 2. Assume the system is ideal, Raoult’s and Dalton’s laws are applicable. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

k1 k2

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Code No: RR410805

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROCESS MODELLING & SIMULATION (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. The liquid phase hydrolysis reaction of acetic anhydride to form acetic acid is carried out in a constant volume adiabatic batch reactor. The reaction is exothermic with the following stoichiometry. (CH3 C)2 O + H2 O → 2CH3 COOH + Heat. Derive mass and energy balances for the system assuming the reaction as ﬁrst order. [16] 2. Write the component continuity equations for the following reactions taking place in a CSTR (continuous stirred-tank reactor): (a) Simultaneous reactions (ﬁrst-order, isothermal) k2 k1 A→B A→C (b) Reversible (ﬁrst-order, isothermal) A→B ←

k2 k1

State the assumptions made and explain the nomenclature used.

[16]

3. An irreversible exothermic reaction A→ B occurs in a series of three perfectly mixed CSTRs. Feed enters the ﬁrst reactor and product leaves the third reactor. Assume the reaction is nth order in reactant A. Derive the mass balance and component continuity equations considering variable holdups. Assume constant density for the system, which is a binary mixture of A and B. [16] 4. Explain the steady state model and thermal equilibrium model for LPG vaporiser with a neat diagram. [16] 5. Develop the dynamic modeling equations for ideal binary distillation column. [16] 6. Explain the following convergence methods (a) Interval Halving (b) Newton Raphson method. [16]

7. Develop a mathematical model for the perfectly mixed reactor in which a ﬁrst order irreversible reaction with speciﬁc rate constant k is taking place as per the reaction A→B Discuss the algorithm to solve the equations by Runge kutta method. [16]

k

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Code No: RR410805

Set No. 4

8. A ﬂuid of constant density r is pumped into a cone-shaped tank of total volume HπR2 /3. The ﬂow out of the bottom of the tank is proportional to the square root of the height ‘h’ of liquid in the tank. Derive the equations describing the system and discuss the computer simulation circuit diagram for solving the equations. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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