Code No: RR411102

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LASER AND FIBER OPTICS IN MEDICINE (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Discuss in briefly the optical pumping methods. (b) What do you mean directionality of laser? (c) What do you mean coherence? (d) Discuss the intensity of laser with a sketch. 2. (a) Explain laser therapy for the following i. Dermatology ii. Ophthalmology (b) Discuss the principles of laser applications in medicine. [8+8] [4+4+4+4]

3. (a) Discuss the laser principle and explain different laser interaction on our body. (b) Draw the structure of a living cell of our body. Explain its constituents.[8+8] 4. (a) Explain in detail use of ND − YAG laser in different Endoscopic application. (b) Explain the use of Argon laser in gastric bleeding homeostasis. [8+8]

5. Compare fiber as a means of transmitting information with the conventional copper conductor, bringing out the advantage of using fiber in place of copper. Mention characteristics of fiber, which enable its extensive used in medical field. [16] 6. (a) Explain in detail the use of CO2 laser in surgery. (b) Explain with block diagram of ND − YAG laser use in laser surgery. 7. (a) Explain the difference types of the diseases of teeth. (b) Explain how to use laser in treat of dentistry. [8+8] [8+8]

8. Explain in detail the different Hazards occurred during laser treatment with respect to Eye. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR411102

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LASER AND FIBER OPTICS IN MEDICINE (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Discuss in briefly the optical pumping methods. (b) What do you mean directionality of laser? (c) What do you mean coherence? (d) Discuss the intensity of laser with a sketch. [4+4+4+4]

2. (a) Explain the importance of mono chromaticity and directionality in laser interaction with bio molecules. (b) Explain different process of photo biological laser. 3. (a) Discuss laser tissue interaction in detail. (b) Discuss in detail the ablation of tissue. 4. (a) Explain the use of Argon laser in Gastroentrology. (b) Explain in detail the uses of ND − YAG laser in Gastroentrology. [8+8] [8+8] [8+8]

5. (a) Explain in detail the propagation of light through optical fiber and with neat sketch. (b) What are the applications of fiber optic sensor? Describe any one of the applications in detail. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the different applications of laser in surgery. (b) With neat diagram the working principle of CO2 laser and give its medical applications. [8+8] 7. Explain the different types of laser used in dentistry with a neat block diagram. [16] 8. (a) Explain in detail thermal Hazard occur during laser treatment. (b) Explain in detail safety regulation to adopt during laser treatment. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR411102

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LASER AND FIBER OPTICS IN MEDICINE (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Describe the different techniques are used in pulse monitoring in laser. (b) Explain in detail the principle component of laser system. 2. (a) Explain with neat diagram endoscopes laser coagulators. (b) Describe in detail the application of laser in diagnostics. 3. (a) Explain the effects of laser interaction on tissues. (b) Discuss in detail the tissue thermal properties. [8+8] [8+8] [8+8]

4. (a) Explain in detail use of ND − YAG laser in different Endoscopic application. (b) Explain the use of Argon laser in gastric bleeding homeostasis. 5. (a) What do you mean by optical fiber? (b) Discuss the features of optical fibers in detail. 6. (a) Explain in detail the use of CO2 laser in surgery. (b) Explain with block diagram of ND − YAG laser use in laser surgery. [8+8] [8+8] [8+8]

7. Explain the different types of laser used in dentistry with a neat block diagram. [16] 8. (a) Explain in detail the types of laser Hazards. (b) Explain in detail electrical Hazard occurs during laser treatment. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR411102

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 LASER AND FIBER OPTICS IN MEDICINE (Bio-Medical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Discuss in briefly the optical pumping methods. (b) What do you mean directionality of laser? (c) What do you mean coherence? (d) Discuss the intensity of laser with a sketch. 2. (a) Explain the application of laser in photo biological process. (b) Explain the principle behind photo thermal of laser. 3. (a) What are the resting and action potentials? Explain in detail. (b) Discuss the different ways of transport of ions through the cell membrane. [8+8] 4. How the light is transmitted from the source to the point of observation in side the human body and how the backscattered light is viewed. Explain with suitable sketch. [16] 5. (a) Explain any two popular methods of fiber construction with the help of neat diagram. (b) What is optical coupler? Explain briefly about construction methods and different types of coupler used in optical fiber communications. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the different applications of laser in surgery. (b) With neat diagram the working principle of CO2 laser and give its medical applications. [8+8] 7. (a) Explain the difference types of the diseases of teeth. (b) Explain how to use laser in treat of dentistry. [8+8] [8+8] [4+4+4+4]

8. (a) What do you mean precautions? Explain different types of precautionary measures to take during laser treatment. (b) Discuss in detail the medical surveillances during laser treatment. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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