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Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Control Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne the adaptive control problem. (b) Give some situations in which adaptive control may be useful. What factors would you consider when judging the need for adaptive control? [4+12] 2. Draw the block diagram of a model reference adaptive system and explain the adjustment of system parameters to satify the selected error criteria. [16] 3. Explain the adaptive control system for nuclear reactor control system with appropriate diagrams. [16] 4. (a) Explain the essential nature of the adaptive control system. (b) Describe system identiﬁcation using cross correlation. 5. (a) Explain MIT rule. (b) Consider a system described by the model dy/dt = -ay + bu It is desired to obtain a closed loop system described by dym /dt = −am ym + bm uc Determine the model reference control law using MIT rule. Assume that a and b are unknown parameters. [6+10] 6. Consider a system described by −2 (β ) 0 y(k) = 1+α1qq−1 +α2 q−2 u(k) where β0 , α1 , and α2 are free parameters. The desired input-output behavior is ym (k) =

q −2 (b0 ) 1+a1 q −1 +a2 q −2

[8+8]

w(k)

where 1+a1 q −1 +a2 q −2 is an asymptotically stable polynomial. Determine an adaptive pole-placement control law. [16] 7. Consider the system G(S) = G1 (S)G2 (S) b c G1 (S) = S+a , G2 (S) = S+d where ’a’and ’b’ are unknown parameters and ’c’ and ’d’ are known. Construct discrete-time direct and indirect self-tuning algorithms for the partially known system. [16] 8. Write short notes on: (a) Merriam’s method (b) Essential components of adaptive control. 1 of 2

Code No: RR411305 (c) Concept of adaptive control. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 1

[8+4+4]

2 of 2

Code No: RR411305

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Control Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the nature of adaptive control? (b) Explain the essential components of adaptive control system? 2. (a) Explain the role of frequency servo in Marx’s system. (b) Write the properties of auto correlation and cross correlation. [6+10] [8+8]

3. Explain the adaptive control system for nuclear reactor control system with appropriate diagrams. [16] 4. (a) Explain the operation of frequency servo in Marx’s System. (b) Explain the learning process in adaptive control system. 5. (a) When the transfer function is said to be strictly positive real? (b) Show that the transfer function is SPR. G(S) = (S2 +6S + 8)/(S2 +4S + 3) [8+8] 6. Consider a system described by −2 (β ) 0 y(k) = 1+α1qq−1 +α2 q−2 u(k) where β0 , α1 , and α2 are free parameters. The desired input-output behavior is ym (k) =

−1 −2 q −2 (b0 ) 1+a1 q −1 +a2 q −2

[8+8]

w(k)

where 1+a1 q +a2 q is an asymptotically stable polynomial. Determine an adaptive pole-placement control law. [16] 7. (a) What are the conditions required that the transfer function G(Z) is positive real? (b) Explain the self-tuning regulator with block diagram. 8. Write short notes on: (a) Essential components of adaptive control (b) Kalman’s method. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [6+10] [6+10]

1 of 1

Code No: RR411305

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Control Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. With suitable diagram, explain the role of impulse train of pulses, actuator and pulse counter in the typical adaptive control system. [16] 2. Explain how the open loop is adjusted automatically by applying an impulse to the Osder’s system? [16] 3. Explain the orthonormal spectrum analyzer to solve the identiﬁcation problem of the process. [16] 4. (a) What are the diﬀerent types of adaptive schemes? (b) Describe the analog computer to ﬁnd the open loop gain K, ehich employs the Corbin’s method. [4+12] 5. (a) State and explain Lyapunov stability theorem for time-invariant systems. (b) State the necessary and suﬃcient conditions for the above system, with nonlinear, time-varying, output feedback block to be asymptotically hyper stable. [8+8] 6. Explain the design procedure for pole-placement design with known parameters of the system. [16] 7. (a) What are the conditions required that the transfer function G(Z) is positive real? (b) Explain the self-tuning regulator with block diagram. 8. Write short note on: (a) Small gain theorem (b) Adaptive system using Lyapunov design (c) Types of adaptivity. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [5+5+6] [6+10]

1 of 1

Code No: RR411305

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Control Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne adaptivity. (b) What are the various types of adaptivity? (c) Explain the gain scheduling adaptive system.

[4+4+8]

2. Draw the block diagram of pitch-rate control system for a B-25 aircraft. Explain open loop gain and feedback zeros can adjust automatically to maintain the closed loop poles within a speciﬁed region? [16] 3. Explain the adaptive control system for nuclear reactor control system with appropriate diagrams. [16] 4. (a) Sketch the pole-zero diagram on S-plane for Kx Kv = 1, Kx Kv < 1 and Kx Kv > 1 and also Sketch the energy density spectrum for the Marx’s system. (b) How adaptive learning is diﬀerent from the human learning. [10+6] 5. (a) Explain MIT rule. (b) Consider a system described by the model dy/dt = -ay + bu It is desired to obtain a closed loop system described by dym /dt = −am ym + bm uc Determine the model reference control law using MIT rule. Assume that a and b are unknown parameters. [6+10] 6. (a) Deﬁne regulation and tracking with minimum variance control problem. (b) Explain the design for minimum variance control in the case of unknown parameters. [6+10] 7. Consider data generated by the discrete-time system y(t) = b0 u(t) + b1 u(t-1) + e(t) where {e(t)} is a sequence of independent N(0,1) random variables. Assume that the parameter b of the model y(t) = bu(t) is determined by least squares. Determine the estimates obtained for large observation sets when the input u is a step. [16] 8. Write short notes on: (a) Essential components of adaptive control (b) Kalman’s method. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 [6+10]

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