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OANADlAN PAPEP PPODÜOTS SEOTOP
Biomass Cogeneration
Oanada has a |arge, we||-deve|oped forest seotor and |s one of the wor|d`s |argest
exporters. The forest |ndustry exported $41.9 b||||on
*
|n paper, pu|p, |umber, board and
other forest produots |n 2005, 80 peroent to the Ün|ted States. The produot|on of woody
b|omass |s oommensurate w|th produot|on of forest goods.
Oanada has the wor|d`s th|rd-|argest forest areas; some 44 peroent of the |and area |s
forested and 92 peroent of Oanad|an fbre |treesì |s pub||o|y owned.
ln the wood and paper produots seotor, Oanada reoent|y ranked as one of the top fve
g|oba| |ooat|ons |n attraot|ng fore|gn |nvestment projeots. The souroes of these new
|nvestment projeots |no|ude oountr|es suoh as F|n|and, Germany, Sweden, Oh|na, the
Ün|ted States and Hong Kong.
The pu|p and paper seotor |s the |argest |ndustr|a| souroe of b|omass oogenerat|on,
aooount|ng for 88 peroent. Th|s seotor |s ab|e to meet 60 peroent of |ts own energy
demands through b|omass oogenerat|on.
Key Capabi|ities
lnvesting in renewable energy: ln 2007, the Government of Oanada unve||ed the
eooEnergy Penewab|e ln|t|at|ve, pay|ng one oent per k||owatt-hour for up to 10 years to
e||g|b|e |ow-|mpaot, renewab|e e|eotr|o|ty projeots oonstruoted before Maroh 31, 2011.
Twe|ve b|omass oogenerat|on projeots are ourrent|y under way aoross s|x prov|noes.
Leadership in sustainable forest management and renewable energy: Members of
the Forest Produots Assoo|at|on of Oanada |FPAOì are oomm|tted to beoom|ng oarbon-
neutra| a|ong the supp|y oha|n by 2015, w|thout the purohase of oarbon offset ored|ts.
FPAO a|so a|ms to be ent|re|y energy se|f-suffo|ent and even a net exporter of energy
dur|ng the same per|od. lnoreased adopt|on of b|omass use and deve|opment of new
teohno|og|es are part of the strategy to aoh|eve these goa|s.
Leveraging biomass resources: W|th 417 m||||on heotares of forest|and |n Oanada,
there |s a |arge amount of b|omass resouroes on hand. Potent|a| souroes of forest
b|omass |no|ude res|dues from harvest, s||v|ou|ture aot|v|ty, natura| d|sturbanoes, non-
merohantab|e wood and unmarketab|e pu|p oh|ps.
Jo|nt ventures w|th pu|p and paper m|||s present exoe||ent opportun|t|es for partners, as
the steam oan be used |n the manufaotur|ng prooesses. ln add|t|on, pu|p and paper m|||s
have the ex|st|ng |nfrastruoture that oan be |everaged proftab|y.
* Unless otherwise noted all values are in Canadian dollars.
RECENT INVESTMENTS
IN CANADA
w '%.#/$ISTRIBUTION3YSTEM from
Pennsylvania announced a greenfeld
establishment in Ontario in 2008,
which will create 100 jobs.
» ln 2008, Chinese company 7UHAN
,IRENand$AO0OWER#ANADA
(formerly #ANADIAN7INDlELDS
3OLARAND2ENEWABLE%NERGY
#ORPORATIONï announced a
partnership to build and operate a
demonstration plant that will use
biomass power-generation systems.
MAJOR GLOBAL INVESTORS
IN CANADA
Mercer lnternational
Stora Enso
Weyerhaeuser
LEADING CANADIAN COMPANIES
AbitibiBowater
Canfor
Cascades
Catalyst
Domtar
Fraser Papers
JD lrving
Kruger
Tembec

)NTHEWOODANDPAPERPRODUCTS
SECTOR#ANADARECENTLYRANKED
ASONEOFTHETOPlVEGLOBAL
LOCATIONSINATTRACTINGFOREIGN
INVESTMENTPROJECTS
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British Co|umbia
Br|t|sh Oo|umb|a |s the |argest b|oenergy-produo|ng reg|on |n North
Amer|oa, w|th oapao|ty of 4,300 GWh/yr, and |ast year beoame
the frst prov|noe |n Oanada to announoe a b|oenergy strategy.
The prov|noe`s pu|p and paper seotor |s oomposed of 20 m|||s and
ourrent|y emp|oys 15,200 peop|e |n pu|p and paper manufaotur|ng.
Br|t|sh Oo|umb|a a|ms to reduoe |ts e|eotr|o|ty |mpaot by sett|ng a
goa| to beoome energy se|f-suffo|ent, w|th 90 peroent of |ts power
to oome from o|ean souroes. Prince George reoent|y exper|enoed
s|gn|foant growth thanks to the Oanad|an Forest Produots ||m|ted
|Oanforì deve|opment, wh|oh saw the |nsta||at|on of a 50 MW turb|ne
|n 2005. Kamloops a|so exper|enoed a s|m||ar beneft when Domtar
|nsta||ed a 32 MW turb|ne |n 2004. Pr|mary researoh for the seotor |s
ma|n|y oonduoted by FPlnnovat|ons.
A|berta
The forestry |ndustry |n A|berta oontr|butes s|gn|foant|y to the
eoonomy as an emp|oyer and purohaser. The |ndustry exported
more than $2.2 b||||on |n produots |n 2008 and emp|oyed some
4,100 peop|e |n pu|p and paper manufaotur|ng.
The forestry |ndustry |n Northwestern Grande Prairie-Grande
Cache area emp|oys 5,100 peop|e and oontr|buted $400 m||||on to
the |ooa| eoonomy |n 2007. The reg|on aooounts for 40 peroent of
the tota| pu|p produoed |n A|berta, 64 peroent of the pane| board
and ha|f of the |umber. The Grande Pra|r|e reg|on a|so has some of
the most oompet|t|ve m|||s |n the oountry, pa|red w|th an |nnovat|ve
ou|ture that str|ves to be |ow oost, env|ronmenta||y oonso|ous and
effo|ent. Oomp|ement|ng the forest produot produoers |s Oanfor
wh|oh, |n partnersh|p w|th Oanad|an Hydro Power Deve|opers, |s
supp|y|ng produots ||ke bark to use |n the generat|on of power |n a
25 MW p|ant on Oanfor`s property oa||ed the Grande Pra|r|e
Eoo-Power Oentre. Th|s |s an |nvestment |n green power and
better a|r qua||ty.
Saskatchewan
More than 50 peroent of the prov|noe of Saskatohewan |s forested.
ln 2007, rea| GDP |n the forestry seotor tota||ed $313.9 m||||on:
$71.7 m||||on from the pr|mary seotor and $242.2 m||||on from
seoondary aot|v|t|es. D|reot emp|oyment |n the forestry seotor tota||ed
2,400 |n 2007. W|th|n Saskatohewan, Meadow |ake Meohan|oa| Pu|p
operates a state-of-the-art BOTMP |b|eaohed-ohem|-therma|-meohan|oa|
pu|pì m||| as the wor|d`s frst suooessfu| zero-||qu|d effuent market pu|p m|||.
Saskatohewan |s home to a number of researoh oompan|es that meet the needs of the wood
and paper produots |ndustry. The Saskatohewan Pesearoh Oouno|| has state-of-the-art fao|||t|es
|n |ts B|ofue|s Test Oentre, wh|oh offers a fu|| su|te of tests for ethano| and b|od|ese| produoers
throughout North Amer|oa, and offers many re|ated oapab|||t|es and serv|oes.
KEY OANADlAN O|ÜSTEPS
KEY OA KEY OA KEY OA KEY OA

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New Brunswick
|ead|ng edge, va|ue-added use of New Brunsw|ok`s extens|ve forest
b|omass |s standard prooedure for the prov|noe`s |nnovat|ve forestry
seotor. ln add|t|on to trad|t|ona| wood and paper produots, the
seotor uses th|s major resouroe |n oogenerat|on app||oat|ons, a|ong
w|th an |noreas|ng foous on emerg|ng b|orefnery opportun|t|es.
OANADlAN O|ÜS OANADlAN O|ÜS OANADlAN O|ÜS OANADlAN O|ÜS
Quebec
A var|ety of |ndustr|es re|ated to wood are found |n Quebeo, suoh as pu|p and
paper, pr|nt|ng and pub||sh|ng, furn|ture and oonstruot|on |umber |ndustr|es.
ln tota|, Quebeo aooounts for 27 peroent of d|reot Oanad|an forest
|ndustry jobs. Quebeo |s home to many major p|ayers |n the pu|p
and paper |ndustry, suoh as Ab|t|b|Bowater, Domtar, Kruger
and Norampao. Thanks to FPlnnovat|ons and the prov|no|a|
program to a||ooate b|omass for foss|| fue| rep|aoement,
Quebeo boasts researoh |nfrastruotures that are the
envy of many |ead|ng paper produoers.
Ab|t|b|Bowater reoent|y engaged |n a 24 MW b|omass
oogenerat|on projeot |n Gatineau, to feed the paper-
mak|ng prooess at the oompany`s paper m|||. lt has
been |n oommero|a| operat|on s|noe Apr|| 2006.
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Ontario
W|th over 68 m||||on aores of forested |and and a |ong-estab||shed forestry |ndustry,
Ontar|o offers great opportun|t|es for b|omass oogenerat|on. A||ow|ng for vo|umes now
oomm|tted to the forestry |ndustry, forest b|omass has the potent|a| to supp|y about seven
peroent of the prov|noe`s e|eotr|oa| energy. Ontar|o`s M|n|stry of Natura| Pesouroes |s
exp|or|ng the potent|a| for e|eotr|o|ty generat|on from forest b|omass, promot|ng |nnovat|ve
teohno|og|es and deve|op|ng a po||oy framework that enoourages oompan|es and
oommun|t|es to engage |n bus|ness ventures. The Standard Offer Program ourrent|y pays
11.08 oents/kWh for b|omass energy projeots. Three projeots w|th a oomb|ned oapao|ty
of 48 MW are ourrent|y reg|stered |n the prov|noe under the eooENEPGY program.
Thunder Bay has enoouraged some of the most prom|nent b|omass oogenerat|on
projeots beoause of the natura| o|uster of pu|p and paper m|||s |n the reg|on.
De|ta Energy Oo. |td. w||| oomp|ete |ts b|omass oogenerat|on projeot |n order to supp|y
10 MW |n At|kokan. Newspr|nt g|ant Ab|t|b|Bowater a|so owns part of a soon-to-be-
oomp|eted projeot |n Fort Franoes, wh|oh |s expeoted to generate 33.7 MW.
|akehead Ün|vers|ty, the Oentre for Northern Forest Eoosystem Pesearoh |ONFEPì,
the Mo|eou|ar Med|o|ne Pesearoh Oentre, and Oonfederat|on Oo||ege are
researoh|ng b|omass oombust|on tr|a|s. Sault Ste. Marie |s another hub for
P&D, oonoentrat|ng on b|omass energy orop test p|antat|ons.
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lNvESTMENT |OOATlON BENOHMAPKlNG
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METHODOLOGY
Th|s benohmark|ng study assesses the oompet|t|veness of a number of Oanad|an o|usters Th|s benohmark|ng study assesses the oompet|t|veness of a number of Oanad|an o|usters
aga|nst oompet|ng |nternat|ona| bus|ness |ooat|ons. Based on an |nvestor`s perspeot|ve, aga|nst oompet|ng |nternat|ona| bus|ness |ooat|ons. Based on an |nvestor`s perspeot|ve,
the researoh and ana|ys|s uses a representat|ve |nvestment projeot prototype |a b|omass the researoh and ana|ys|s uses a representat|ve |nvestment projeot prototype |a b|omass
oogenerat|ng fao|||ty that uses pr|mar||y bark, wood oh|ps, wood pe||ets and s|udge as oogenerat|ng fao|||ty that uses pr|mar||y bark, wood oh|ps, wood pe||ets and s|udge as
|nputs to generate heat and e|eotr|o|ty-see prof|e on page 5ì to assess or|ter|a that |nputs to generate heat and e|eotr|o|ty-see prof|e on page 5ì to assess or|ter|a that
oorporate deo|s|on makers typ|oa||y exam|ne when eva|uat|ng |ooat|on a|ternat|ves for fore|gn oorporate deo|s|on makers typ|oa||y exam|ne when eva|uat|ng |ooat|on a|ternat|ves for fore|gn
|nvestment. |nvestment.
Th|s |nternat|ona| |ooat|on benohmark|ng exero|se was oonduoted by lBM-P|ant |ooat|on Th|s |nternat|ona| |ooat|on benohmark|ng exero|se was oonduoted by lBM-P|ant |ooat|on
lnternat|ona| |lBM-P|lì, a renowned g|oba| |ooat|on oonsu|tanoy. lBM-P|l performed lnternat|ona| |lBM-P|lì, a renowned g|oba| |ooat|on oonsu|tanoy. lBM-P|l performed
objeot|ve researoh to assess the oomparat|ve oost and qua||ty of do|ng bus|ness |n var|ous objeot|ve researoh to assess the oomparat|ve oost and qua||ty of do|ng bus|ness |n var|ous
|ooat|ons, s|mu|at|ng the approaoh used by |nvestors when soreen|ng oand|dates for |ooat|ons, s|mu|at|ng the approaoh used by |nvestors when soreen|ng oand|dates for
oorporate |nvestment projeots. The benohmark|ng study exam|ned 250 to 300 fnano|a| and oorporate |nvestment projeots. The benohmark|ng study exam|ned 250 to 300 fnano|a| and
qua||tat|ve |ooat|on |nd|oators |n the assessment of eaoh |ndustry subseotor qua||tat|ve |ooat|on |nd|oators |n the assessment of eaoh |ndustry subseotor..
To assess the qua||ty of a |ooat|on`s operat|ng bus|ness env|ronment, data were oo||eoted To assess the qua||ty of a |ooat|on`s operat|ng bus|ness env|ronment, data were oo||eoted
from a var|ety of souroes for the d|fferent subfaotors |n eaoh of the oategor|es featured |n the from a var|ety of souroes for the d|fferent subfaotors |n eaoh of the oategor|es featured |n the
operat|ng env|ronment tab|e |page 5ì. Data for the qua||tat|ve assessment were trans|ated operat|ng env|ronment tab|e |page 5ì. Data for the qua||tat|ve assessment were trans|ated
|nto oomparab|e soor|ngs |zero to 10ì for eaoh oategory and subfaotor us|ng a we|ghted |nto oomparab|e soor|ngs |zero to 10ì for eaoh oategory and subfaotor us|ng a we|ghted
sooreboard approaoh. We|ghts were ass|gned to eaoh |ooat|on oategory and subfaotor sooreboard approaoh. We|ghts were ass|gned to eaoh |ooat|on oategory and subfaotor
to demonstrate the|r re|at|ve |mportanoe |n the |ooat|on se|eot|on prooess. These we|ghts to demonstrate the|r re|at|ve |mportanoe |n the |ooat|on se|eot|on prooess. These we|ghts
are speo|fo to eaoh |ndustry subseotor and are based on lBM-P|l`s exper|enoe |n he|p|ng are speo|fo to eaoh |ndustry subseotor and are based on lBM-P|l`s exper|enoe |n he|p|ng
|nvestors make strateg|o deo|s|ons when ohoos|ng |ooat|ons. |nvestors make strateg|o deo|s|ons when ohoos|ng |ooat|ons.
A h|gh-|eve| f A h|gh-|eve| fnano|a| ana|ys|s was a|so oonduoted to take |nto aooount major |ooat|on- nano|a| ana|ys|s was a|so oonduoted to take |nto aooount major |ooat|on-
sens|t|ve |nvestment and operat|ng oosts and revenues for eaoh representat|ve projeot sens|t|ve |nvestment and operat|ng oosts and revenues for eaoh representat|ve projeot
prof|e. Oash fow projeot|ons have been oa|ou|ated and d|soounted over a 10-year per|od, prof|e. Oash fow projeot|ons have been oa|ou|ated and d|soounted over a 10-year per|od,
|noorporat|ng ant|o|pated |nf |noorporat|ng ant|o|pated |nfat|on rates, to determ|ne the|r net present va|ue, and to assess at|on rates, to determ|ne the|r net present va|ue, and to assess
the proftab|||ty of the projeot |n eaoh of the benohmarked |ooat|ons. the proftab|||ty of the projeot |n eaoh of the benohmarked |ooat|ons.
lNvESTMENT |OOA

BENCHMARKINGTHECOMPARATIVE
COSTANDQUALITYOFDOING
BUSINESSINGLOBALLOCATIONS
Brompton Codeneration Plant (0ueoec, Canadaì
lNvESTMENT |OOATlON BENOHMAPKlNG
REPRESENTATIVE PROJECT PROFILE
6£h£8AL 0£$08|PT|0h 0F
0P£8AT|0h$
B|omass oogenerat|ng fao|||ty B|omass oogenerat|ng fao|||ty
that uses bark, wood oh|ps, that uses bark, wood oh|ps,
wood pe||ets and s|udge wood pe||ets and s|udge
|50 MW e|eotr|o|ty oapao|tyì. |50 MW e|eotr|o|ty oapao|tyì.
k£Y P80J£0T 08|V£8$
· Prox|m|ty to fue| supp|y · Prox|m|ty to fue| supp|y
by-produots and surp|us by-produots and surp|us
mater|a|s from the forestry mater|a|s from the forestry
and paper seotor and paper seotor
· Ava||ab||ty of, and · Ava||ab||ty of, and
prox|m|ty to, transm|ss|on prox|m|ty to, transm|ss|on
and d|str|but|on systems and d|str|but|on systems
· Governmenta| po||o|es · Governmenta| po||o|es
towards green teohno|og|es towards green teohno|og|es
· Ex|st|ng and future |and · Ex|st|ng and future |and
uses and zon|ng |ssues uses and zon|ng |ssues
· Oost of energy · Oost of energy
LA8008
|HEADOOÜNT = 63ì |HEADOOÜNT = 63ì
Produot|on Operat|ves: 40 Produot|on Operat|ves: 40
Superv|sor/Eng|neers: 10 Superv|sor/Eng|neers: 10
Ma|ntenanoe and Ma|ntenanoe and
Teohn|o|ans: 10 Teohn|o|ans: 10
Management and Management and
Adm|n|strat|on: 3 Adm|n|strat|on: 3
$AL£$
O$ 25,000,000 O$ 25,000,000
NA0h|h£8Y Ah0
£00|PN£hT
O$ 65,000,000 O$ 65,000,000
P80P£8TY
|and: 4 aores |and: 4 aores
Bu||d|ng: 49,000 sq. ft. Bu||d|ng: 49,000 sq. ft.
0T|L|T|£$
Power: Power:
|Month|y Oonsumpt|onì |Month|y Oonsumpt|onì
500,000 kWh 500,000 kWh
0P£8AT|h6 00$T AhALY$|$
P80J£0T 8£00|8£N£hT$ F08 F|hAh0|AL N00£LL|h6

OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
» Ava||ab|||ty of guaranteed feed and tar|ff; Ava||ab|||ty of guaranteed feed and tar|ff; » Bus|ness perm|tt|ng prooedures; Bus|ness perm|tt|ng prooedures;
» Ava||ab|||ty of fnano|a| support & |noent|ves; Ava||ab|||ty of fnano|a| support & |noent|ves; » Qua||ty of support from |ooa| Qua||ty of support from |ooa|
government & deve|opment ageno|es; government & deve|opment ageno|es; » Eoonom|o and fnano|a| stab|||ty: Eoonom|o and fnano|a| stab|||ty:
» Po||t|oa| stab|||ty Po||t|oa| stab|||ty
6£h£8AL 80$|h£$$
£hV|80hN£hT
» 5%*
» Presenoe of exper|enoed paper and forestry emp|oyees, |no|ud|ng manufaotur|ng Presenoe of exper|enoed paper and forestry emp|oyees, |no|ud|ng manufaotur|ng
re|ated; re|ated; » Overa|| t|ghtness |n the |abour market |unemp|oymentì; Overa|| t|ghtness |n the |abour market |unemp|oymentì;
» Overa|| s|ze of |abour poo|; Overa|| s|ze of |abour poo|; » Presenoe of student popu|at|on Presenoe of student popu|at|on
L00AL P0T£hT|AL T0
8£080|T $k|LL£0 $TAFF
» 20%*
» Aooess to raw mater|a|s; Aooess to raw mater|a|s; » Market prox|m|ty; Market prox|m|ty; » Presenoe of |ndustry base; Presenoe of |ndustry base;
» lmportanoe of P&D lmportanoe of P&D
P8£$£h0£ 0F
|h00$T8Y/0L0$T£8 » 25%*
» Qua||ty and ava||ab|||ty of the power gr|d; Qua||ty and ava||ab|||ty of the power gr|d; » H|ghway network & oongest|on; H|ghway network & oongest|on;
» Pe||ab|||ty of power supp|y; Pe||ab|||ty of power supp|y; » Qua||ty & re||ab|||ty of lT & te|eoommun|oat|ons Qua||ty & re||ab|||ty of lT & te|eoommun|oat|ons
|hF8A$T800T08£ &
00NN0h|0AT|0h$ » 25%*
» Ava||ab|||ty of |arge |ndustr|a| s|tes Ava||ab|||ty of |arge |ndustr|a| s|tes 8£AL £$TAT£ » 10%*
» Oost of ||v|ng Oost of ||v|ng L|V|h6 £hV|80hN£hT » 5%*
FL£X|8|L|TY 0F LA8008 &
8£60LAT|0h$ » 10%*
» Work|ng t|me regu|at|ons; Work|ng t|me regu|at|ons; » H|r|ng & fr|ng fex|b|||ty; H|r|ng & fr|ng fex|b|||ty;
» lndustr|a| re|at|ons/att|tude of un|ons lndustr|a| re|at|ons/att|tude of un|ons
*Factor catedor] weidht, correspondind location factors are ranked in order of importance.
OOST ASSESSMENT*
Canadian
Non-Canadian
#ANADAOFFERSTREMENDOUSOPPORTUNITIESFORINVESTORSINTHEBIOMASSSECTOR
#ANADIANLOCATIONSCOMBINEASOLIDOPERATINGENVIRONMENTTHATPROVIDES
EASYACCESSTORAWMATERIALSWITHPROlTABILITYLEVELSTHATAREHIGHERTHAN
ANYOTHERINTERNATIONALLOCATIONEVALUATED

OANADA`S vA|ÜE PPOPOSlTlON
*Unless otherwise noted, draphs represent lBN-Pll assessment scores.
QÜA|lTATlvE ASSESSMENT OF OPEPATlNG ENvlPONMENT*
Living environment
Real estate
lnfrastructure &
communications
Flexibility of labour &
regulations
Presence of
industry/cluster
Local potential to
recruit skilled staff
General business
environment
A|| Oanad|an o|t|es assessed |n th|s benohmark|ng study prov|de A|| Oanad|an o|t|es assessed |n th|s benohmark|ng study prov|de
fnano|a||y attraot|ve a|ternat|ves w|th h|gher proftab|||ty based fnano|a||y attraot|ve a|ternat|ves w|th h|gher proftab|||ty based
on a oash fow ana|ys|s. The oorporate |noome tax rate |s just on a oash fow ana|ys|s. The oorporate |noome tax rate |s just
one advantage for Oanad|an |ooat|ons |n oompar|son to other one advantage for Oanad|an |ooat|ons |n oompar|son to other
|nternat|ona| o|t|es. Another oontr|but|ng faotor |s that Oanad|an |nternat|ona| o|t|es. Another oontr|but|ng faotor |s that Oanad|an
o|t|es offer |ower |abour oosts than most other |ooat|ons. o|t|es offer |ower |abour oosts than most other |ooat|ons.
A better return on your investment
From a qua||tat|ve perspeot|ve, Oanad|an o|t|es prov|de a var|ety of From a qua||tat|ve perspeot|ve, Oanad|an o|t|es prov|de a var|ety of
attraot|ve opt|ons. Pr|noe George oompares we|| to He|s|nk|, F|n|and, attraot|ve opt|ons. Pr|noe George oompares we|| to He|s|nk|, F|n|and,
a reg|on w|th an estab||shed b|omass seotor. The Gat|neau Peg|on, a reg|on w|th an estab||shed b|omass seotor. The Gat|neau Peg|on,
Thunder Bay, Kam|oops and Sa|nt John are a|so strong oontenders, Thunder Bay, Kam|oops and Sa|nt John are a|so strong oontenders,
rank|ng among the top 10 |nternat|ona| o|t|es. H|gh aooess|b|||ty to rank|ng among the top 10 |nternat|ona| o|t|es. H|gh aooess|b|||ty to
raw mater|a|s oontr|butes to the favourab|e rank|ngs of the Oanad|an raw mater|a|s oontr|butes to the favourab|e rank|ngs of the Oanad|an
|ooat|ons. |ooat|ons.
A wea|th of options to choose from
C$1 = U8$O.8G2
OANADA`S vA|ÜE PPOPOSlTlON
Abundant access to biomass
Forestry, |ogg|ng, wood, pu|p and paper produot manufaoturers Forestry, |ogg|ng, wood, pu|p and paper produot manufaoturers
are potent|a| souroes of the raw mater|a|s needed for b|omass are potent|a| souroes of the raw mater|a|s needed for b|omass
oogenerat|on fao|||t|es. The number of oompan|es o|ass|fed |n oogenerat|on fao|||t|es. The number of oompan|es o|ass|fed |n
these oategor|es |s used as a proxy to measure the aooess|b|||ty these oategor|es |s used as a proxy to measure the aooess|b|||ty
of raw mater|a|s |n the reg|on. of raw mater|a|s |n the reg|on.
Benohmarked Oanad|an o|t|es ||e o|ose to forested reg|ons Benohmarked Oanad|an o|t|es ||e o|ose to forested reg|ons
and offer a strong base of oompan|es that are aot|ve |n these and offer a strong base of oompan|es that are aot|ve |n these
areas. Pr|noe George and Thunder Bay are eaoh home to we|| areas. Pr|noe George and Thunder Bay are eaoh home to we||
over 200 frms re|ated to forestry and |ogg|ng. Kam|oops and over 200 frms re|ated to forestry and |ogg|ng. Kam|oops and
the Gat|neau Peg|on boast 90 or more forestry and |ogg|ng the Gat|neau Peg|on boast 90 or more forestry and |ogg|ng
oompan|es, wh||e Grande Pra|r|e and Sau|t Ste. Mar|e feature oompan|es, wh||e Grande Pra|r|e and Sau|t Ste. Mar|e feature
50 or more suoh operat|ons. 50 or more suoh operat|ons.
A deep ta|ent poo|
The overa|| s|ze of both the |abour and genera| manufaotur|ng The overa|| s|ze of both the |abour and genera| manufaotur|ng
worker poo|s, as we|| as the number of forestry and |ogg|ng worker poo|s, as we|| as the number of forestry and |ogg|ng
emp|oyees, paper manufaotur|ng workers, and exper|enoed emp|oyees, paper manufaotur|ng workers, and exper|enoed
e|eotr|o power and transm|ss|on emp|oyees, are a|| |mportant e|eotr|o power and transm|ss|on emp|oyees, are a|| |mportant
oons|derat|ons |n |dent|fy|ng souroes of su|tab|e emp|oyees for a oons|derat|ons |n |dent|fy|ng souroes of su|tab|e emp|oyees for a
b|omass oogenerat|on operat|on. b|omass oogenerat|on operat|on.
Panked frst |n the wor|d for h|gher eduoat|on, Panked frst |n the wor|d for h|gher eduoat|on,
11
Oanada has a Oanada has a
reoord of |nvest|ng |n |ts peop|e and we|oom|ng |nternat|ona| reoord of |nvest|ng |n |ts peop|e and we|oom|ng |nternat|ona|
ta|ent. As a resu|t, Oanad|an |ooat|ons offer a produot|ve, ta|ent. As a resu|t, Oanad|an |ooat|ons offer a produot|ve,
mot|vated and profo|ent ta|ent poo|. mot|vated and profo|ent ta|ent poo|.
Benohmarked Oanad|an o|t|es a|so boast an exper|enoed Benohmarked Oanad|an o|t|es a|so boast an exper|enoed
workforoe |n forestry-re|ated operat|ons that oan prov|de workforoe |n forestry-re|ated operat|ons that oan prov|de
potent|a| |nvestors w|th the re|evant sk|||s requ|red. Oanad|an potent|a| |nvestors w|th the re|evant sk|||s requ|red. Oanad|an
reg|ons suoh as Pr|noe George and Thunder Bay oan aooess reg|ons suoh as Pr|noe George and Thunder Bay oan aooess
a supp|y of qua||fed manufaotur|ng emp|oyees, and a|so a supp|y of qua||fed manufaotur|ng emp|oyees, and a|so
have a strong presenoe of forestry, |ogg|ng and paper supp|y have a strong presenoe of forestry, |ogg|ng and paper supp|y
oompan|es |n the areas. oompan|es |n the areas.

Canadian
Non-Canadian
Aooess to mater|a|s |h|ghest-rank|ng o|t|esì*
*Unless otherwise noted, draphs represent lBN-Pll assessment scores. 1 lND world Competitiveness Yearoook 2OO7.
|ooa| potent|a| to reoru|t sk|||ed staff |h|ghest-rank|ng o|t|esì*
Canadian
Non-Canadian
Presenoe of exper|enoed paper and foresty-re|ated
manufaotur|ng emp|oyees |h|ghest-rank|ng o|t|esì*
Canadian
Non-Canadian

OANADA`S vA|ÜE PPOPOSlTlON
Est|mated annua| |abour oosts |benohmarked o|t|esì**
Advantageous |abour costs
Oost of |abour |s an |mportant oons|derat|on for a b|omass Oost of |abour |s an |mportant oons|derat|on for a b|omass
oogenerat|on fao|||ty that requ|res emp|oyees suoh as oogenerat|on fao|||ty that requ|res emp|oyees suoh as
superv|sors, produot|on operat|ves and teohn|o|ans. A|| superv|sors, produot|on operat|ves and teohn|o|ans. A||
Oanad|an |ooat|ons eva|uated offer oompet|t|ve annua| |abour Oanad|an |ooat|ons eva|uated offer oompet|t|ve annua| |abour
oosts, when oompared w|th top Ü.S. and European |ooat|ons. oosts, when oompared w|th top Ü.S. and European |ooat|ons.
An |mportant oomponent of Oanada`s |abour oost advantage An |mportant oomponent of Oanada`s |abour oost advantage
re|at|ve to oountr|es suoh as the Ün|ted States stems from |ts re|at|ve to oountr|es suoh as the Ün|ted States stems from |ts
|ower oosts of prov|d|ng emp|oyee benefts. Oanada`s nat|ona| |ower oosts of prov|d|ng emp|oyee benefts. Oanada`s nat|ona|
hea|thoare system |mp||es that many med|oa| |nsuranoe oosts hea|thoare system |mp||es that many med|oa| |nsuranoe oosts
are pub||o|y funded rather than pa|d by the emp|oyer, resu|t|ng are pub||o|y funded rather than pa|d by the emp|oyer, resu|t|ng
|n s|gn|foant sav|ngs. |n s|gn|foant sav|ngs.
A conducive business environment
Thanks to |ts so||d and dynam|o eoonomy, |ow oorporate tax Thanks to |ts so||d and dynam|o eoonomy, |ow oorporate tax
rates, generous P&D |noent|ves, qua||ty support from |ooa| rates, generous P&D |noent|ves, qua||ty support from |ooa|
governments and deve|opment ageno|es, bus|ness perm|tt|ng governments and deve|opment ageno|es, bus|ness perm|tt|ng
prooedures and proteot|on of |nte||eotua| property r|ghts prooedures and proteot|on of |nte||eotua| property r|ghts
Oanada has fostered a bus|ness env|ronment that a||ows Oanada has fostered a bus|ness env|ronment that a||ows
oogenerat|on oompan|es to |nvest and grow. oogenerat|on oompan|es to |nvest and grow.
As the |eader |n GDP growth among G7 oountr|es over the As the |eader |n GDP growth among G7 oountr|es over the
|ast deoade, and w|th the wor|d`s soundest bank|ng system, |ast deoade, and w|th the wor|d`s soundest bank|ng system,
22
Oanada prov|des a stab|e and strong bus|ness env|ronment Oanada prov|des a stab|e and strong bus|ness env|ronment
that offers peaoe of m|nd for bus|ness |nvestment. Ontar|o that offers peaoe of m|nd for bus|ness |nvestment. Ontar|o
|ooat|ons rank part|ou|ar|y we|| beoause of the prov|noe`s |ooat|ons rank part|ou|ar|y we|| beoause of the prov|noe`s
guaranteed feed and tar|ffs program for e|eotr|o|ty produoed guaranteed feed and tar|ffs program for e|eotr|o|ty produoed
from renewab|e souroes. O|t|es suoh as Thunder Bay and Sau|t from renewab|e souroes. O|t|es suoh as Thunder Bay and Sau|t
Ste. Mar|e beneft from th|s program, wh|oh |s an |mportant Ste. Mar|e beneft from th|s program, wh|oh |s an |mportant
|noent|ve to new oogenerat|on fao|||t|es. |noent|ve to new oogenerat|on fao|||t|es.
Genera| bus|ness env|ronment |h|ghest-rank|ng o|t|esì*
Markets of opportunity
Aooord|ng to the Forest Produots Assoo|at|on of Oanada |FPAOì, Aooord|ng to the Forest Produots Assoo|at|on of Oanada |FPAOì,
the Oanad|an forest |ndustry ourrent|y has over 1,700 MW of the Oanad|an forest |ndustry ourrent|y has over 1,700 MW of
e|eotr|o|ty-generat|on oapao|ty. Oanad|an |ooat|ons fare we|| |n e|eotr|o|ty-generat|on oapao|ty. Oanad|an |ooat|ons fare we|| |n
the assessment of market prox|m|ty, w|th many rank|ng |n the the assessment of market prox|m|ty, w|th many rank|ng |n the
top 10, s|noe many have generat|on fao|||t|es o|ose to potent|a| top 10, s|noe many have generat|on fao|||t|es o|ose to potent|a|
markets for se|||ng e|eotr|o|ty. markets for se|||ng e|eotr|o|ty.
Market prox|m|ty |h|ghest-rank|ng o|t|esì*
Canadian
Non-Canadian
Canadian
Non-Canadian
Canadian
Non-Canadian
*Unless otherwise noted, draphs represent lBN-Pll assessment scores. ** lBN-Pll calculations oased on watson w]att 2OO7/2OO8 & Economic Research lnstitute (ERlì 2OO8.
2 world Economic Forum 0looal Competitiveness Report 2OO8-2OO9, 0ctooer 2OO8.
1 = U8$O.8G2
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This publication was prepared by lnvest in Canada in cooperation with lBM-PLl. The document covers a wide range of issues and is not intended to be a
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Catalogue Number FR5-38/3-2009E-PDF
lSBN Number 978-1-100-12045-4

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