Code No: RR411702

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TELEMETRY AND TELECONTROL (Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain a telemetry system where measured variable is shown as a function of ac or dc voltage. (b) Draw the sketch of Pneumatic transmitter and explain. 2. (a) Give an account of PCM / PM or PCM / FM standards. (b) Briefly explain how ITU Emissions are designated according to their classification and bandwidths. [8+8] 3. Draw the sketch of the portable telemetry transmitter, receiver and explain the portable telemetry system. [16] 4. How does noise become important in a receiving system and what precautions need to be taken to avoid/eliminate noise? How is noise modeled ? What is a noise figure ? How is quality of receiver ascertain? what is SINAD? [16] 5. Compare PCM, PWM, PPM, Delta modulation with each other and list two advantages & disadvantages of the system. [16] 6. What is a single mode fiber? Show the dimensions and refractive index profiles of different types of optical fiber. Explain about the pulse dispersion in step index fibers with graphs. [16] 7. Explain about the Pulse Count Method for digital sum and mean value used in digital Tele control method with out coding. [16] 8. List and briefly explain the environmental and interface conditions of Tele control apparatus. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: RR411702

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TELEMETRY AND TELECONTROL (Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is meant by signal conditioning and explain its role in the Telemetry system. (b) Differentiate between wired Telemetry and Radio telemetry system. 2. Define the terms : (a) Multiplexer (b) Demultiplexer and explain their role in Telemetry system. List their advantages. [16] [8+8]

3. Draw the sketch of the portable telemetry transmitter, receiver and explain the portable telemetry system. [16] 4. (a) Explain phase modulation and derive the equation. (b) A 25 MHz carrier is modulated by a 400 Hz audio sine wave. If the carrier voltage is 4V and maximum deviation is 10 KHz. Write the equation of this modulated wave for FM, PM. If the modulating frequency is changed to 2 KHz write a new equation for FM, PM. [8+8] 5. Briefly explain about the sources of error in PWM Telemetry system. 6. (a) Write in detail about IR detectors. (b) What is an Avalanche Photodiode. Explain the construction details of the APD with a figure. [8+8] 7. What is meant by digital Tele control method with coding method? Explain about Electro mechanical systems with low and high Tele graph speeds in digital pulse code method. [16] 8. Briefly explain Tele control of Ship signals, Navigation signs, radar installation.[16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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Code No: RR411702

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TELEMETRY AND TELECONTROL (Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain how electrical Telemetry is classified and explain one system (b) Explain Hydraulic Telemetry system. [8+8]

2. (a) How is propagation of light supported in a fibre optic cable? What is the critical Angle of incidence and on what factors does it depend? (b) In a fibre optic cable the refractive indices of the core, cladding and air are 1.49, 1.36 & 1.00 respectively. Calculate the critical angle and numerical aperture. [8+8] 3. Explain the concept of different electrical systems used in short distance telemetering. [16] 4. Why is the frequency multiplication needed in FM transmitter and how is it accomplished? What is the equipment usually used for generating a carrier frequency? Draw the circuit diagram of such a generator and explain its operation. [16] 5. What is meant by pulse code modulation? Explain basic elements of PCM system. Write about its advantages and applications. [16] 6. (a) Explain the Attenuation in optical fibres with figures. (b) Differentiate between step index and graded index fibres. [8+8]

7. Define Tele control. Draw a block diagram of Tele control installation and explain each functional block. [16] 8. (a) List out the signal apparatus used for Tele control installation. (b) Explain about the recorders used for recording binary data and explain how individual messages are distinguished from one another by Acoustic means / signal output. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR411702

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 TELEMETRY AND TELECONTROL (Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Differentiate between Generalized measurement and Telemetry. Explain each of the functional blocks of Telemetry system. [16] 2. Write short notes on: (a) Optical sources. (b) Optical Detectors. (c) Optical fibres for signal transmission. [16]

3. Why frequency telemetry system considered more advantageous than voltage (or) Current Telemetry system even in short distance case? How the analogue signal converted into frequency for transmission? Mention the frequency ranges for the standard analogue signal of 4 to 20 mA range in frequency Telemetry system.[16] 4. Draw the sketch of low power transmitter and high power transmitter used in radio telemetry and explain. [16] 5. Explain with a neat sketch generation and demodulation of PWM, PPM. [16]

6. (a) Explain the historical development of optical fibres with the help of electromagnetic spectrum. (b) Draw a graph showing the refractive index distribution of central core cladded optical fibre and explain the plot. [8+8] 7. What is meant by digital Tele control method with coding method? Explain about Electro mechanical systems with low and high Tele graph speeds in digital pulse code method. [16] 8. Explain how pulse telegram method is used in dam installation and hydro power stations. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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