Code No: RR411801

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMETALLURGY AND CORROSION (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆
N 1. (a) A 50 solution of a weak acid surrounding 2 platinum electrodes 2 cm apart and 4 sq cm in a area was found to after a resistance of 1600 ohm. Calculate.

i. The specific conductivity of acid ii. Equivalent conductivity of acid. (b) Explain the following i. Transport number. ii. Potentiometry. 2. Explain why (a) Silicates are usually electrically more conducting than fused salts. (b) Transport number of anions are usually larger than those of cations (c) Mercuric chloride is very poor conductor of Electricity. 3. (a) Discuss the recovery of copper by electrowinning process. (b) Explain the importance of hydrogen over voltage in aqueous electrolysis [8+8] 4. (a) What is anodizing? Compare and contrast different baths used for anodizing of aluminium. (b) What are the properties required of an electrodeposit? Write a note on tests for adherence and porosity. [8+8] 5. (a) An aircraft wing composed of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy is connected to a Titanium forging on the fuselage. Will the anode for a corrosion cell be the corbon fiber, the titanium, or the epoxy, which will most likely be the cathode? Explain. (b) Why is corrosion accelerated when the anode is smaller than the cathode, but not when the situation is required? Explain. [8+8] 6. (a) What are the various inhibitors to reduce corrosion. Classify them. Explain any two of them. (b) Explain in detail the beneficial effects of galvanic corrosion. [9+7] [6+5+5] [8+8]

7. What are the various methods of applying metallic coatings? Explain all of them in detail. [16] 8. (a) Explain all the inferences that can be made from a galvanic series. 1 of 2

Code No: RR411801

Set No. 1

(b) Explain the characteristic properties of cracks that appear in corrosion fatigue. [7+9] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR411801

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMETALLURGY AND CORROSION (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the following terms i. Current efficiency ii. Energy efficiency. (b) Suppose that a certain current passes for a given time through three baths connected in series i. An acid copper bath used as a coulometer and assumed to have an efficiency of 100%. ii. A Nickel bath and iii. A Zinc bath. The respective weights of the 3 metals deposited were 35.6 gm of copper, 29.2 gm of Ni & 34.8 gm of Zinc. What are the cathode efficiencies of Ni & Zn deposition (Hint: 1 amp Hr deposits 1.86 g of Cu, 1.095 gm of Ni & 1.22 g of Zinc). [6+10] 2. (a) Discuss the types of Electrodes used for the determination of conductance measurements. (b) Explain various methods of measurement of resistance of Electrolytes. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the effect of i. Current density ii. Metal Ion concentration and iii. Temperatures on deposition of metals (b) Discuss the different types of baths used for plating of copper. Discuss their advantages & limitations. [9+7] 4. (a) What could be the possible faults of anodizing? Explain them. (b) Discuss the remedial methods for the above. [8+8]

5. (a) What is stray current corrosion? Explain under what conditions it occurs. (b) Explain the procedure for specimen preparation for finding corrosion rate. [8+8] 6. (a) What are the important characteristics of pitting corrosion? Explain them in detail. (b) Explain about ‘selective leaching’. [9+7]

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Code No: RR411801

Set No. 2
[10+6]

7. (a) Draw the diagram which shows protection range and optimum potential for anodically protecting an active-passive metal and explain. (b) Indicate the typical conditions for painting. 8. (a) Give a few examples of corrosion fatigue in service and explain them. (b) What is impingement corrosion? Explain the factors that influence corrosion attack. Give some examples of impingement corrosion failure in service [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR411801

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMETALLURGY AND CORROSION (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) One Cu piece and another Zinc piece are immersed in seawater and connected by a copper wire. Indicate the galvanic cell by writing half-cell reaction . i. ii. iii. iv. v. for the anode for the cathode; also by indicating The direction of electron flow in the line. Direction of current flow in the electrolyte. Which metal might be used in place of copper so that Zinc changes polarity?

(b) An electrode potential in a silver half cell is 0.78 V. What is the concentration of Ag+ ions in the electrolyte? (Assume any missing or standard data). [10+6] 2. (a) What is Equivalent conductance? Explain the significance of Equivalent conductance (b) Explain how equivalent conductance at infinite dilution determined. [8+8]

3. (a) What is primary current distribution ? Discuss its importance in electroplating. (b) Discuss the effect of polarization on elctrodeposition. (c) What is throwing power? Discuss in detail. [6+5+5]

4. (a) What are the properties required of an electro deposit? Describe the tests for measuring thickness and corrosion resistance of electro deposits. (b) What is anodizing? Explain in detail the steps involved in anodizing of aluminium. [9+7] 5. (a) What do you understand by the term ‘ corrosion’ ? Explain the mechanism of corrosion in detail. (b) Explain why does the mechanism generally occur at the ‘Anode’ 6. (a) List the requirements for progress of stress corrosion cracking. (b) Define the term fatigue. What is corrosion fatigue? Explain the factors involved in corrosion fatigues. [7+9] 7. (a) Differentiate between corrosion protection and corrosion control. Discuss two methods of each. 1 of 2 [9+7]

Code No: RR411801

Set No. 3

(b) What do you understand by cathodic protection? Explain with examples the working of sacrificial anode. [8+8] 8. (a) From the galvanic series cite three metals or alloys that may be used to galvanically protect Nickel in the active state. Give the reasons. (b) Explain the mechanism of corrosion fatigue. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [9+7]

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Code No: RR411801

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 ELECTROMETALLURGY AND CORROSION (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are reference electrodes and why are they preferred to standard hydrogen Electrode? Explain the principle of working of colomel Electrode. (b) Discuss the factors affecting efficiency of Electrode processes. [10+6] 2. (a) Write the NERNST equation and explain the different variables in the Expression. (b) Explain the limitations of potential - PH diagram. [8+8] 3. (a) Discuss the recovery of tin from its aqueous solutions by electrowinning process (b) Describe as how to obtain a uniform current distribution in a plating operation. [8+8] 4. Explain the following methods of polishing of the articles during of polishing of the articles during the anodizing process. (a) Mechanical polishing (b) Chemical polishing. [8+8]

5. (a) Explain the differences between dry corrosion and wet corrosion. (b) What is Hydrogen over potential? What is it’s effect upon the rate of corrosion? Explain. [8+8] 6. (a) A widely used measure of corrosion is the weight loss per unit area per unit time. Contrast the usefulness of this measure when applied to uniform. Corrosion and when applied to pitting. (b) Differentiate between galvanic corrosion and stress corrosion cracking. Give some examples and remedies. [8+8] 7. Compare merits and demerits of various methods employed to protect material against corrosion. Suggest changes in design philosophy of components to combat corrosion in them. [16] 8. (a) Explain the two types of galvanic cells i.e i. Galvanic cells with transference ii. Galvanic cells without transference (b) Explain about reversible electrochemical cells & irreversible electrochemical cells. [5+5+6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1