Code No: RR412102

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIRCRAFT DESIGN PRACTICE (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. How does a tail-first airplane compare in its design features with a tail-aft airplane? What are the design features and relative merits in each case? Make use of sketches and plots to illustrate your answer. [16] 2. What are the requirements of airfoil section for modern airplanes? Suggest one section How far the requirements are satisfied in an airplane. Make use of sketches and plots to illustrate your answer. [16] 3. Consider a new design of airplane, Crew of 6, 150 passengers with 50 Kgs baggage each. Make use of std. data and trends for such designs. Estimate power requirements for a cruise speed of 600 Kms / hr. Assume parameters accordingly. Provide initial size and configuration lay out for this airplane. [16] 4. Compare air load distribution over a rectangular wing with an elliptic wing. Which one of these is superior and how. Which of these has higher numerical value of Oswald wing efficiency factor. Hence define Oswald′ s wing efficiency factor and its value for this plan form. Make use of sketches and plots in support of your answers. [16] 5. Differentiate between piston engine and turbofan engine. What factors affect the integration of a piston engine? What procedures will you follow for the integration? [16] 6. Define direct operating cost. What factors constitute the direct operating cost and how will you control these factors to reduce the cost of an aircraft? [16] 7. Draw the three views and neatly label the various components of a two seater (tandem arrangement) high-speed jet trainer aircraft having retractable undercarriage and cantilever wing configuration. Estimate the performance and stability characteristics of this aircraft and compare them with a similar aircraft having non-retractable undercarriage and semi-cantilever wing configuration. [16] 8. Write notes on the following: (a) Structural Idealization (b) Stressed skin construction ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [2×8=16]

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Code No: RR412102

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIRCRAFT DESIGN PRACTICE (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Frame specifications for an airplane to perform short hop service in plains with a seating capacity of 15. Make use of sketches and plots to illustrate your answer. [16] 2. How does a sweptback plan form differ from a swept forward plan form in airplane performance? Make use of sketches and plots to illustrate your answer. [16] 3. Detail out special considerations in the design of a new military AOP airplane with a cruise velocity of 350 Kms / hr, Crew of 2..Make use of sketches and plots in support of your answers. [16] 4. Consider a swept back, high wing airplane for civil applications. Recommend horizontal and vertical tail arrangement for this airplane with two options of engine locations. Make use of sketches and plots in support of your answers. [16] 5. (a) What are the various components of a fuel system? Explain the function of each component. (b) What factors will you take into account during fuel system integration? [10+6] 6. (a) Explain how flight testing affects the cost of an aircraft? (b) Differentiate between direct and indirect operating cost. [8+8]

7. Draw the three views and neatly label the various components of a two seater (tandem arrangement) high-speed jet trainer aircraft having retractable undercarriage and cantilever wing configuration. Estimate the performance and stability characteristics of this aircraft and compare them with a similar aircraft having non-retractable undercarriage and semi-cantilever wing configuration. [16] 8. (a) Write short notes on the following with respect to fatigue failure: i. Crystallization theory ii. Cumulative damage theory (b) Explain the fatigue design considerations. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [5+5+6]

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Code No: RR412102

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIRCRAFT DESIGN PRACTICE (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Frame specifications for an airplane for long range with 350 Passengers with a cruise speed of 950 kmph. Make use of sketches and plots to illustrate your answer. [16] 2. How are the Cl − Cd−α, characteristics improved by modern low speed airfoil section . Hence describe one such section in use. Make use of sketches and plots to illustrate your answer. [16] 3. Consider a new design of airplane, Crew of 6, 150 passengers with 50 Kgs baggage each. Make use of std. data and trends for such designs. Estimate power requirements for a cruise speed of 600 Kms / hr. Assume parameters accordingly. Provide initial size and configuration lay out for this airplane. [16] 4. Compare air load distribution over a trapezoidal wing with an elliptic wing. Which one of these is superior and how. Which of these has higher numerical value of Oswald wing efficiency factor. Make use of sketches and plots in support of your answers. [16] 5. Differentiate between variable spike inlet geometry and 2-D ramp inlet geometry of a supersonic jet engine. How Mach number affects the installed performance of a jet engine having supersonic inlet? [16] 6. Define the following terms and explain how these terms affect the aerodynamic design of a civil jet aircraft: (a) Lift/drag ratio (b) Center of gravity (c) Canard wing configuration (d) Area rule [4×4=16]

7. Draw the three views and neatly label the various components of a two seater (side-by-side arrangement) high-speed jet trainer aircraft having non-retractable undercarriage and semi-cantilever wing configuration. Estimate the performance and stability characteristics of this aircraft and compare them with a similar aircraft having retractable undercarriage and cantilever wing configuration. [16] 8. (a) Explain general considerations taken into account while designing the aircraft structure. (b) Define stress concentration and its causes. What are the various methods employed to avoid/reduce the stress concentration? [7+9] 1 of 2

Code No: RR412102 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 3

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Code No: RR412102

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 AIRCRAFT DESIGN PRACTICE (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Frame specifications for an airplane to perform Air taxi service in Hilly areas with a seating capacity of 10. Make use of sketches and plots to illustrate your answer. [16] 2. Elaborate with examples and theory, why should an airplane wing have an airfoil as its cross-section and not a flat plate or a circular cylinder. Make use of sketches and plots to illustrate your answer. [16] 3. Consider a new design of airplane, Crew of 6, 250 passengers with 60 Kgs baggage each. Make use of std. data and trends for such designs. Estimate power requirements for a cruise speed of 800 Kms / hr. Assume parameters accordingly. Provide initial size and configuration lay out for this airplane. [16] 4. A lifting wing is desired to be designed for a high performance sailplane. What plan form, aspect ratio and taper you recommend for this case, narrowing down to just two plan forms? Make use of sketches and plots in support of your answers. Make use of sketches and plots in support of your answers. [16] 5. Write notes on the following aircraft subsystems: (a) Avionics system (b) Accessory drive system [10+6]

6. Discuss how the following factors affect the aerodynamic design of an aircraft: (a) Powerplant location (b) Construction of aircraft (metallic/composite) [2×8=16]

7. Draw the top views and neatly label the various components of a medium range jet transport aircraft having rectangular, swept forward and swept back wing configuration. Compare the performance and stability characteristics of these configurations. [16] 8. (a) Plot the spanwise variation of BM and SF for a typical fuselage of a bomber aircraft. (b) Distinguish between fail safe and safe life structures ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [9+7]

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