# Code No: RR412111

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DESIGN AND DRAFTING (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Find the loads in all the members of truss shown in Figure 1 algebraically using method of joints. [16]

Figure 1: 2. Find the column strength of a 1.5-in by 0.049-in round alloy steel tube with a length of 30-in. The steel is heat treated to an ultimate tensile strength of 18,000 psi. Assume end-ﬁxity coeﬃcient of 2. Critical slenderness ratio for this material is 58.9. [16] 3. What is the need of an undercarriage system? Show the basic items involved in an undercarriage of a medium transport aircraft with the help of a neat sketch and explain their function brieﬂy. [16] 4. (a) Diﬀerentiate between bonded and bolted joints. (b) Explain the various methods used for the inspection of bonded joint failure. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain brieﬂy the process of fusion welding along with its limitations and applications in aircraft industry. [8] (b) Sketch and explain the design features of following welded joints: i. Butt weld ii. Plug weld 1 of 2 [4×2]

Code No: RR412111 iii. Intermittent weld iv. Tee weld.

Set No. 1

6. Consider a complete tension ﬁeld beam shown in Figure 2 Draw free body diagram for the stiﬀeners & ﬂanges and plot axial loads in the ﬂanges. Assume the tension diagonal angle as 45o and t = 0.001m. [16]

Figure 2: 7. (a) Deﬁne and explain the importance of the following with respect to fuselage structure with the help of a sketch: [4×2] i. ii. iii. iv. Bulkhead Longirons Formers stringers. [8]

(b) Write a note on ‘Fail safe and safe life fuselage construction’.

8. Explain the desirable features of 3-D modeling software. How 3-D modeling can be used to model the nose section of a typical fuselage? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR412111

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DESIGN AND DRAFTING (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Deﬁne and classify truss structures. What are the various methods to analyze the trusses? Explain the method of sections with the help of an example. [16] 2. Derive the expression for angle of twist for circular shaft under torsional loads.[16] 3. What are the factors aﬀecting the design weight of the landing gear? Explain the methods used to estimate the design weight for the same. [16] 4. (a) Show the diﬀerent types of rivet heads with the help of labeled sketches along with their application. (b) Explain the various factors aﬀecting the strength of a riveted joint. 5. (a) How standardization of bolted joint parts aﬀect the aircraft industry? (b) What is meant by push ﬁt bolts? Where are these bolts used and why?[10+6] 6. Consider a complete tension ﬁeld beam shown in Figure 1 Draw free body diagram for the stiﬀeners & ﬂanges and plot axial loads in the ﬂanges. Assume the tension diagonal angle as 45o and t = 0.001m. [16] [8+8]

Figure 1: 7. Classify the fuselage construction. Sketch fuselage structure based on the types of trusses. What are their merits, demerits and applications? [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR412111

Set No. 2
[10+6]

8. (a) Deﬁne conic shape parameter. How it can be used for conic fuselage development? (b) Write a note on ‘airfoil ﬂat-wrap interpolation’. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR412111

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DESIGN AND DRAFTING (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Members AO and BO of the landing gear structure shown in Figure 1 are two-force members. Member CO is attached at C by a joint which transmits torsion but no bending. Find the forces acting at all the joints. [16]

Figure 1: 2. Diﬀerentiate between short and long columns. Derive the expression for buckling stress for long columns. [16] 3. (a) Which locations are suitable for the retraction of main undercarriage for the following types of aircraft and why? [2×4] i. Low wing aircraft ii. High wing aircraft. (b) Explain the procedure for ﬁnding/estimating the location for installation of nose and main landing gears for the aircraft having tricycle type landing gear. [8] 4. (a) Explain the complete process of riveting skin with a former. What are the various equipments used to complete this process and what is their function? (b) Write a note on material used for rivets. [10+6]

5. Show with help of sketches and explain the diﬀerent types of welded joints along with their applications and limitations. [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR412111 6. Write notes on the following: (a) Pure tension ﬁeld beam (b) Stressed skin wing construction.

Set No. 3

[8+8]

7. Draft the tail section of fuselage of a subsonic aircraft showing the various components. Explain the importance of each component involved. What are the guidelines followed during the design and drafting of fuselage tail section? [16] 8. Explain the desirable features of 2-D modeling software. How 2-D modeling can be used to model the tail section of a typical fuselage? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR412111

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 DESIGN AND DRAFTING (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Find the loads in all the members of truss shown in Figure 1 algebraically using method of joints. [16]

Figure 1: 2. The section shown inn Figure 2 is made of 24SR-T alclad sheet with n=10, E = 9700000 psi and f1 = 46000 psi. Find the crippling stress for the cross-section.[16] 3. Show the various types of arrangements of undercarriage system with the help of neat sketches. For which type of aircrafts are these arrangements used and why? [16] 4. (a) Show the diﬀerent types of riveted joints with the help of neat and labeled sketches. (b) What are the merits and demerits of riveted joints over welded joints? [8+8] 5. (a) Explain the initial stresses that can develop during the screw fastening for the static loading. (b) A static load P = 20 tons is required to be carried by steel plates welded together as shown in Figure 3 If the plates joined are 15mm thick, ﬁnd the width of the plate. Design stress for covered electrode is 950 kg/cm2 . [8+8] 6. For which type of aircraft, semi-cantilever wings are used and why? Sketch a sectioned view of such a wing showing the main structural members. Explain the function of these structural members. [16] 1 of 3

Code No: RR412111

Set No. 4

Figure 2:

Figure 3:

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Code No: RR412111

Set No. 4

7. Classify the fuselage construction. Sketch a sectioned view of semi-monocoque fuselage of a light weight aircraft showing the various structural members. Explain the function of various structural members. [16] 8. What are the various drafting software packages used to draft the aircraft components? Explain the use of any package to draft the fuselage of a typical transport aircraft. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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