Code No: RR412113

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROPELLANT TECHNOLOGY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is an aviation fuel? Give examples. (b) Explain Aviation Gasoline. What type of aero-engines it is used? [4] [4]

(c) Explain different types of aviation turbine fuels used in civilian and military applications. What type of aero-engines they are used? [8] 2. Describe in detail various types of hazards that can occur in handling solid propellants. [16] 3. Describe slurry casting process of manufacturing homogeneous propellants. [16]

4. Discuss about cold gas propellants and their characteristics? Where are they used? Give an example of cold gas propellant. [16] 5. What are cryogenic propellants? Explain their advantages and disadvantages. [16] 6. Explain the phenomenon of adiabatic demagnetization. How this phenomenon is employed to produce very low temperatures. [16] 7. Explain in detail thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) along with its applications in propellant technology. [16] 8. Write short notes on the following used in solid propellants: (a) Binders (b) Burning-rate modifiers (c) Plasticizers (d) Curing agents. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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Code No: RR412113

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROPELLANT TECHNOLOGY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. What are fuel oils? Discuss the requirements of fuel oils. [16]

2. (a) Why are additives added to solid propellants? Describe different additives added to solid propellants. [8] (b) Describe the advantages and disadvantages of composite solid propellants. [8] 3. What are different ingredients used in homogeneous propellants ? Explain them briefly. [16] 4. What are Gelled propellants? Explain their advantages and disadvantages. 5. Describe in detail the properties of liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen. [16] [16]

6. Explain the phenomenon of adiabatic demagnetization. How this phenomenon is employed to produce very low temperatures. [16] 7. (a) Briefly describe differential thermal analysis along with applications. (b) What is Strand burner? Where it is used? 8. Write short notes on the following types of solid propellants: (a) Double-base propellants (b) Composite propellants (c) Composite modified double-base propellants (d) Modified composite propellants. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16] [8] [8]

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Code No: RR412113

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROPELLANT TECHNOLOGY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is reforming of gasoline? [4]

(b) Explain briefly the thermal and catalytic reforming processes of gasoline. [4] 2. (a) What are Double-base propellants? Give some examples . (b) Describe the advantages and disadvantages of double-base propellants. [8] [8]

3. What are different ingredients used in homogeneous propellants ? Explain them briefly. [16] 4. What are Gelled propellants? Explain their advantages and disadvantages. 5. Describe in detail the properties of liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen. [16] [16]

6. Explain the phenomenon of adiabatic demagnetization. How this phenomenon is employed to produce very low temperatures. [16] 7. Explain in detail expanded-foam insulations and gas filled powder and fibrous insulations used in cryogenic systems with their advantages and disadvantages. [16] 8. Write short notes on the following properties of fuels: (a) Calorific value (b) Flash point (c) Fire Point (d) Freezing point. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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Code No: RR412113

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 PROPELLANT TECHNOLOGY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Define Raid Vapor pressure. Why is it important? (b) Explain the phenomenon of vapor locking. [4] [4]

(c) Discuss briefly the properties of aviation gasoline affecting its performance. [8] 2. (a) What are homogeneous and heterogeneous solid propellants for rockets? (b) Describe important desirable properties of solid propellants. [8] [8]

3. What are the ingredients generally used in a typical composite solid propellant? Explain briefly different steps involved in the manufacture of composite propellants. [16] 4. What are Gelled propellants? Explain their advantages and disadvantages. 5. Describe in detail the properties of liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen. 6. Explain Claude system for liquefaction of cryogenic gases. 7. (a) Briefly describe differential thermal analysis along with applications. (b) What is Strand burner? Where it is used? 8. Write short notes on the following aviation fuels: (a) JP-8 (b) Aviation Gas (c) JP-4 (d) JP-5. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16] [16] [16] [16] [8] [8]

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