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Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives concerning the policy of the United States of America toward the

Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. RESOLUTION Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives concerning the policy of the United States of America toward the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Whereas the United Nations Security Council has adopted multiple resolutions, including Resolutions 1696, 1737, 1747, 1803, 1835, and 1929, which demand that the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) suspend all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities, including research and development, condemn Iran for failing to comply with the Councils demands, and impose sanctions on Iran; Whereas the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reported as recently as November 2013 that Iran has continued to enrich uranium, in violation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions, and that Iran has installed approximately 19,000 centrifuges, which have the capacity to enrich uranium in a matter of weeks to levels that would provide sufficient fissile material for a nuclear explosive device; Whereas Iran is constructing a heavy water reactor at Arak, which, once operational, would have the capability to produce plutonium that could be used in a nuclear weapon; Whereas the IAEA, concerned about the possibility of a covert nuclear weapons program in Iran, has since 2005 found Iran to be in non-compliance with its Safeguards Agreement and has repeatedly but unsuccessfully sought access to several sites at which it suspects clandestine nuclear- related activities have taken place, as well as explanations regarding information the IAEA has uncovered that Iran has conducted research on a nuclear explosive device and delivery vehicles;

Whereas President Barack Obama has repeatedly stated his commitment to preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon; Whereas it is the policy of the United States that no nation, including Iran, has an inherent right to enrich uranium; Whereas the Congress has long recognized the threat Iran poses to the United States, our interests, and allies, and has provided the President with the authorization to impose sanctions designed to counter Irans aggressive actions, including its pursuit of a nuclear weapons capability, its support for terrorism, and its repression of its own citizens; Whereas the United Statesled sanctions effort, including those imposed by the United Nations, the European Union, and other countries, has been instrumental in compelling Iran to re-enter negotiations aimed at ending its nuclear weapons program; Whereas the Congress supports the pursuit of a peaceful, diplomatic solution to ending Irans efforts to obtain a nuclear weapons capability and recognizes that all options must be on the table to prevent Iran from achieving such a capability; Whereas Iran continues to develop ballistic missiles in violation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1747 and 1929, has developed medium-range ballistic missiles to target Israel, and, according to the National Air and Space Intelligence Center, could develop and test an ICBM capable of reaching the United States by 2015; Whereas the Department of State has designated Iran as a state sponsor of terrorism since 1984 and has for the last decade characterized Iran as the worlds most active state sponsor of terrorism; Whereas Irans destabilizing activities throughout the region pose a threat

to United States interests, the interests of the United States closest partners in the region, and international security; Whereas the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Iran has reported systematic abuses of human rights, including significant limits on freedom of expression, lack of due process, and suppression of dissent; and Whereas United States citizens Saeed Abedini, Amir Hekmati, and Robert Levinson continue to be unjustly detained in Iran: Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That it is the sense of the House of Representatives that it should be the policy of the United States to seek the verifiable end to Irans pursuit of nuclear weapons and its capability to develop or acquire a nuclear weapon, including by securing a comprehensive agreement between the P5+1 coun8 tries and Iran that requires dismantlement of Irans nuclear infrastructure, including enrichment and reprocessing capabilities, such that Iran is prevented from pursuing both the uranium and plutonium pathways to a nuclear weapon; and prevents the construction of a heavy water nuclear reactor in Iran; require Iran to fully and verifiably implement its Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA, ratify and implement the Additional Protocol, and comply with the transparency measures requested by the Director General of the IAEA, as well as with all verification and monitoring measures necessary to ensure that Iran is abiding by the terms of any agreement, including no-notice inspections of all suspect sites, including military facilities, and full access to all Iranian personnel, scientists, and technicians associated with Irans nuclear program; and require Iran to provide a full accounting of its current and past research and development work regarding weaponization, warhead design, and vehicles for the delivery of nuclear weapons as called for by IAEA and United Nations Security Council resolutions, as well as provide satisfactory explanations to pending IAEA questions; impose

additional sanctions on Iran if it violates the terms of the Joint Plan of Action reached with the P5+1 countries or if a comprehensive agreement is not be reached within the term of the Joint Plan of Action; confront Irans activities in the region that pose a threat to the United States and its interests, our allies, and international peace and stability, and continue to implement and fully enforce all existing United States sanctions against Iran based on its support for international terrorism, including those pursuant to the Iran Sanctions Act, the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section 1245 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, and subtitles C and D of title XII of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (also referred to as the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012); continue to recognize and confront with all existing authorities Irans destabilizing activities in the region, ballistic missile programs, proliferation activities, and human rights abuses; and continue efforts to secure the release of United States citizens held unjustly in Iran.