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In this project we will examine
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a home
a home loan or mortgage. Assume that you have
for
sale and have agreed to a purchase price of $201,000.
Down Payment: You are going to make a l}Vo downpayment on the house. Determine the amount of your down payment and the balance to finance.
Mortgage funount+ ' Li,'
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Monthly Payment: Calculate the monthly payment for a 30 year loan (rounding up to the nearest cent) by using the following formula. Show your work. [PMT is the monthly loan payment, P is the mortgage amount, r is the annual percent rate for the loan in decimal, and Y is the number of years to pay off the loan.] For the 30 year loan use an annual interest rate of
4.975Vo.
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Note that this monthly payment covers only the interest and the principal on the loan. It does not cover any insurance or taxes on the property. Amortization Schedule: In order to summarize all the information regarding the amortization of a loan, construct a schedule that keeps track of the payment number, the principal paid, the interest, and the unpaid balance. A spreadsheet program is an excellent tool to develop an
amortization schedule. We can use a free amortization spreadsheet on the web. The web address is: http://www.bretwhissel.net/amortization/amortize.html. Enter the amount of the loan, i.e. the selling price minus the down payment, the interest rate, and the appropriate number ofyears. Check the box to show the schedule. Amortization Schedule monthly payment for a 30 year mortga ge 1C8,f (Note: if this is more than 2 or 3 cents different from your calculation, check your numbers!) Total interest paid over 30
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Notice that the amount of the payment that goes towards the principal and the amount that goes towards the interest are not constant. What do you observe about each of these values?
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Number of first payment when more of payment goes toward principal than interest As already mentioned, these payments are for principal and interest only. You will also have monthly payments for home insurance and property taxes. In addition, it is helpful to have money left over for those little luxuries like electricity, running water, and food. As a wise home owner, you decide that your monthly principal and interest payment should not exceed 35Vo of your monthly takehome pay. What minimum monthly takehome pay should you have in order to meet this goal? Show your work for making this calculation.
Show work here
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It is also important to note that your net or takehome pay (after taxes) is less than your gross pay (before taxes). Assuming that your net pay isl3To of your gloss pay, what minimum gross annual salary will you need to make to have the monthly net salary stated above? Show your work for making this calculation.
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Part
II: Selling the House
Let's suppose that after living in the house for 10 years, you want to sell. The economy experiences ups and downs, but in general the value of real estate increases over time. To calculate the value of an investment such as real estate, we use continuously compounded
interest.
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Find the value of the home 10 years after purchase assuming the fuU purchase price as the principal. Show your work.
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a continuous interest rate of 4%o.Use
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Assuming that you can sell the house for this amount, use the following information to calculate your gains or losses:
selling price of your hovse
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Mortgage paid over the ten
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Do you gain or lose money over the 10 years? How much? Show your amounts and summarize
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15 year Mortgage
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Part
Using the same purchase price and down payment, we will investigate a 15 year mortgage.
Monthly Payment: Calculate the monthly payment for a 15 year loan (rounding up to the nearest cent) by using the following formula. Show your work! [PMT is the monthly loan payment, P is the mortgage amount, r is the annual percent rate for the loan in decimal, and Y is the number of years to pay off the loan.l For the 15 year loan use an annual interest rate of
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Use the amortization spreadsheet on the web again, this time entering the interest rate and number of payments for a 15 year loan.
l#C5,'"{C Amortization Schedule monthly payment for a 15 year mortga (f{ote: if this is more than 2 or 3 cents different from your calculation, check your numbers!)
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Total interest oaid over tS
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Total amountpaid 1,6310?
Number of first payment when more of payment goes toward principal than
interest 4'
Suppose you paid an additional $i00 towards the principal each month. How long would it take to pay off the loan with this additional payment and how will this affect the total amount of interest paid on the loan? [If you are making extra payments towards the principal, include it in the monthly payment and leave the number of payments box blank.l
^onth Total interest paid over the life of the loan with additional $100 monthly puy*"nt 640'{\i
Total amount paid with additional $i00 monthly
Lensth of time to pay off loan with additional payments of $100 p",
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Compare this total amount paid to the total amount paid without extra monthly payments. How much more or less woufd you spend if you made the extra principal payments?
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Part
III: Reflection
Did this project change the way you think about buying a home? Write one paragraph stating what ideas changed and why. If this project did not change the way you think, write how this project gave further evidence to support your existing opinion about buying a home. Be specific.
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